So far, we introduced you the top five tourist caves in Iran in the previous article. Now, in the following article we will introduce you the other top five tourist caves in this country. If you have not read the first part of the article, we recommend you first read our article “The first part of the Top 10 tourist caves in Iran”.
If you are interested in more information about Top 10 tourist caves in Iran, don’t miss our article“Top 10 tourist caves in Iran tour Part1”.
6. Chama Ice Cave
To visit one of the most amazing ice caves in Iran, you need to take a trip to Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, to visit Chama Cave.
Chama Cave is known as the major source of freshwater in Iran because of the water flowing beneath the cave that finally reaches the Koohrang Dam in the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari.
Unlike the caves mentioned previously, Chama ice cave has not been formed by rain penetrating in the rocks, but it has been formed by the snow fallen in the gorge and mountain pass during many years. The pass is covered by snow in winter while it is snowing, and when the snow on the lower parts melts down little by little, a snow tunnel is created. The tunnel has become a permanent ice cave after many years.
The height and thickness of the ice and snow in this cave is more than 40 meters in some parts.
The ice on the cave walls is weak and thin in summer because of the sunlight, but the cave is there all year round.
A reason why this cave is a tourist destination, in addition to those mentioned above, is the geographical location of the cave.
Chama Ice Cave is located approximately 92 kilometers from Shahrekord and 20 kilometers from Chelgerd road to the village of Sar Agha Seyed. Sar Aqa Seyyed village is a very beautiful place that attracts many tourists. The people from Sar Aqa Seyyed village still live in the traditional way.
Do not miss visiting this picturesque village if you visit Chama cave.
The region nearby is also a place where nomads in Iran live in summer.
Iranviva Group’s suggestion to tourists coming to visit this beautiful cave is planning on visiting the nomadic people of this region and stay overnight with them.
7. Ayub Cave
This cave is located in the southeast of Dehaj District, in Shahr-e Babak County, in Kerman province, which is one of the main tourist attractions of the province. Ayub Cave is situated on Mount Ayub. This mountain has an altitude of over 3,200 meters above sea level.
Ayub cave is highly regarded due to the largest cave mouth it has in Iran.
One way to access Ayub cave is the main road from Bandar Abbas to Tehran. To reach the cave, you need to pass Jowzam and after travelling a distance of 35km, you will reach the cave.
The mouth of the cave is 60 meters long and 80 meters high. Ayub cave is formed by volcanic processes and it is known as the largest igneous cave in Iran.
The cave has been created by the eruption of lava millions of years ago. After the formation of the cave, the cold humid air caused contraction of rocks that resulted in some cracks in the rocks. The deep fissures in the rocks divided the rocks into two or more pieces; this process, along with the erosion caused by wind, have resulted in the expansion in the size of the cave.
8. Sahvalan Cave
Sahvalan Cave or pigeon’s nest (Laneh Kabootar)?
Sahvalan Cave is located 25 kilometers from Bukan and 42 kilometers southeast of Mahabad, Borhan Road and Isa Kand village.
The cave is called “pigeon’s nest” by the locals because there are a lot of pigeons in the cave.
One of the questions asked by the visitors is about the meaning of the word Sahvalan.
Sahvalan means “frost” in Kurdish language.
Sahvalan cave is the second largest water cave in Iran after Ali-Sadr Cave. According to the researchers explored the cave, the age of the cave is estimated to be more than 70 million years.
To date, the experts have explored about 600 meters in Sahvalan cave, 300 meters in dry part and 300 meters in water, but the area of the cave is estimated to be much more than the explored area.
There are some lakes and ponds in Sahvalan Cave. The ponds are connected to each other by corridors and are about 20 meters deep.
The cave ceiling is very high and its height reaches up to 50 meters from the surface of the lake in some parts.
Sahvalan cave was discovered about a century ago, in 1890, by the French archaeologist, Jacques De Morgan. The first time Jacques De Morgan explored the cave, he could reach a depth of 200 meters only and the rest part of the cave was discovered in subsequent explorations.
Based on the remains found in the cave, researchers found out that there were some people who used to live in this cave in the first and second millennia BC to the Islamic era and the Middle Ages.
The cave has two entrances. To visit both openings, one needs to explore the entire cave, entering it through one of the openings and getting out of it through the other.
One of the openings is located at an altitude of 1795 meters above sea level, the other one is located at an altitude of1765 meters above sea level, and the main pond in the cave is located at an altitude of 1750 meters above sea level.
In general, you must first go down the 106 stairs in the cave and then go past three ponds and cross some tunnels and narrow corridors to reach the second opening of the cave.
The second opening of the cave is situated about 50 meters higher than the place you are, and you need to climb about 170 stairs to get to this cave mouth.
9. Khofash Cave (Bat Cave)
Perhaps, first question that comes to your mind is about the name of the cave. Since this cave is home to dozens of species of bats, including tailed bats and mouse-tailed bats, it is known as Khofash Cave that means “Bat Cave” in English.
Khofash Cave in situated in Ilam province, near the city of Dehloran. This cave is located 3 kilometers northeast of Dehloran on the slopes of Dinar Kuh mountains, overlooking the valley and hot springs of Dehloran.
Khofash cave is 255 meters long, 30 meters wide and 50 meters high. Also, according to what is being said by experts, it is approximately 400 meters deep.
Khofash Cave is highly regarded in terms of ecotourism and caving and it is also one of the best places to study bats due to the thousands of bats from different types in the cave.
The last cave we are going to give you a brief description about is Karaftu Cave. This cave is 70 kilometers northwest of the city of Divandarreh and 90 km from the ancient city of Saqqez, near the village of Yuzesh Bash Kandi, in Kurdistan province.
The cave formation dates back to the third geological era. This cave is also one of the caves where people used to live in ancient times.
What adds to the beauty of the cave is the digging and carving done by its inhabitants, creating the different sections, including halls, chambers, etc. Some inscriptions are found in some parts of the cave, belonging to the Pre-history Age, which show that there was human settlement in the area.
Karaftu Cave is a natural limestone cave that has undergone many changes and transformations at different times. Currently, the cave is 750 meters long and it is split into several minor paths.
Karaftu Cave has four floors and the ancient people carved into the cave walls so beautifully and created numerous corridors and hallways in the cave.
The entrance is located 100 meters above the ground and one needs to climb 180 stairs to enter the opening.
The height of the natural corridor of the cave is between 1 to 12 meters.
The most beautiful part of the cave is the third floor with such wonderful ceilings, skylights and the other decorations carved by the early carvers and sculptors using simple tools, without any technology.
Another beauty of this cave, which represents a part of the missing history of the cave is the Greek inscription at the top of the entrance of one of the rooms on the third floor of the cave. In this inscription, the cave is named as the Temple of Heracles. The sentence “This is Heracles’ home, anyone who enters it is already safe” is carved at the top of the inscription.
The inscription in this cave has caused some to believe that this cave was inhabited temporarily by the Seleucid Empire.