Mount Sahand, the Bride of the Mountains in Iran
Sahand is the name of a mountain range and a peak in the province of East Azerbaijan in Iran. Sahand is one of the dormant volcanic mountains in Iran. This volcanic mountain is full of beautiful and stunning lush meadows and is known as the bride of the mountains in Iran for its mesmerizing beauty.
Basil and fritillary are among the many plants in this area. Sahand rangelands are one of the most beautiful rangelands in Iran and is a summer place for the nomadic peasants of Azerbaijan.
Sahand Mountains are part of the Alborz Mountain Range. These mountains lie north of Maragheh and stretch from west to east of Iran. Sahand Mountains are bordered by Bostan Abad on the northeast, and by Liqvan and Tabriz on the north.
Sahand is also bordered by Osku and Tabriz on the northwest, by Azarshahr, Maragheh and Ajabshir on the west and southwest, by Maragheh and Hashtrood on the south and by Bayqara rangelands on the east.
Towns and Cities Nearby
Mount Sahand is located to the south of Tabriz, west of Bostan Abad, north of Maragheh and Hashtrood, and east of Azarshahr, Ajabshir and Osku.
Sahand Mountain Range has 17 peaks over 3000 meters above sea level. The most famous peaks of this mountain range are: Kamal, Jaam, Sahand, Sultan, Damirli, Aghdagh, Motal Daghi, Shir Daghi, Haram Daghi, Giro Dagh, Atashan, Darvish peaks.
The average elevation of Sahand is between 1400 to 2200 meters above sea level. Mount Jaam is the highest mountain in this mountain range, with an elevation of 3707 meters above sea level.
Mount Sahand Climate and Annual Rainfall
Due to its altitude of over 2000 meters above the sea level, Sahand region is a tropical region with cool summers, and long cold winters.
The average annual rainfall in Sahand region is between 300 mm to 600 mm.
Sahand in the Mythology of this Land
Sabalan and Sahand are two very famous mountains or mountain ranges in Azerbaijan region, in Iran.
If you are interested in more information about Sabalan, don’t miss our article “Sabalan, the Third Peak of Persia”.
These mountains are among the most famous and popular landmarks in the area, thanks to their ancient history.
Sahand holds a special place in the mythology and religious beliefs of Iranians, with some researchers believing that Mount Sahand is actually Mount Snond, mentioned in Avesta, and that Zoroaster was there speaking to the Goddess of Water.
Climbing Routes to the Summit of Mount Sahand
The best season to climb Sahand is summer. There are four routes to reach the Summit of Mount Sahand:
The Southern Route: The starting point for climbing is the village of Qarakh Bolagh.
The Northern Route: The starting point for climbing is the village of Isparakhon (Sefideh-khan).
The Northern Route: The starting point for climbing is the village of Lighvan.
The Eastern Route: The starting point for climbing is the village of Chichaklu.
Sahand Mountain Shelters
It takes only half a day to reach the summit of Mount Sahand, so there is no more shelter on the way up. One can reach the shelter either on foot or by car.
There are some fountains on Mount Sahand, the most famous of which are: Gharakh Belagh, Gomosh Belaghi, Pari and Goran Belaghi
Sahand, the Source of the Rivers
Sahand Mountains are one of the largest headwaters and sources of rivers in the region due to snow.
Sahand Mountain is the source of 23 rivers, 19 of which are permanent and 4 are seasonal.
These rivers flow into the Caspian Sea (Mazandaran) and Lake Urmia.
The rivers originating from Sahand Mountains are:
Ojan Chay River: This River originates from Sahand slopes in Bostan Abad and flows toward Aji Chay (Tankhe River).
Avachaei River: This River originates from the northern slopes of Sahand Mountains and flows into Aji Chay (Tankhe River).
Liqvan River: As its name implies, this River originates from the Liqvan region and the northern slopes of Sahand Mountains, and crosses the cities like Tabriz.
Zinjenab River: This River originates from the northwestern part of Sahand Mountains and flows into Lake Urmia.
Osku River: This River originates from the northwestern front of Mount Sahand, and passing through the city of Osku, it flows into Lake Urmia.
Azarshahr River: This River, also known as Dehkhvāreqān or Tufarqan Chayniz, originates from the western part of Sahand Mountains and passing through the city of Azarshahr, it flows into Lake Urmia.
Ajab Shir River: This River originates from the southwestern part of Sahand Mountains and passing through the city of Ajab Shir, it flows into Lake Urmia.
Maragheh Sufi Chay River: Among the rivers originating from Sahand Mountains, this river is one of the most important rivers and it has the most water. This river is famous for its abundant trout.
Qarangvchay River: This River originates from the eastern slopes of Sahand Mountains, crosses the city of Hashtrood and enters the city of Mianeh. The river flows into Qizil Üzan River, which is part of the Caspian Sea Basin.
Animal in Sahand Mountains
The animal species in Sahand Mountainous Region are:
Armenian mouflon, Brown bear, Lynx, Pallas’s cat, wildcat, fox and different kinds of Bird of prey such as Golden eagle and hawk and different Migratory Waterbirds