One of the attractive tourist destinations in Iran that draws many tourists from all around the world is East Azerbaijan Province, and particularly the city of Tabriz. In this article, we are going to make you more familiar with this beautiful tourist destination, so you can travel to Iran with peace of mind and ease, and choose your destinations with a thorough insight into the country of Iran.
As the longest continuous serving capital city in Iran, Tabriz is one of the most historically significant cities in Iran that, due to its attractions, draws many tourists to the country, like the other major cities of Shiraz, Isfahan, Yazd, Kerman, Qazvin and Tehran.
Now read the rest of the article to get more information about the historic city of Tabriz and East Azerbaijan Province:
Grand Bazaar of Tabriz
One of the most fascinating attractions of the historic city of Tabriz is its grand bazaar. The Grand Bazaar of Tabriz is known as the world’s largest indoor bazaar that attracts many tourists. Grand Bazaar of Tabriz, constructed in Iranian architectural style, has several arcades and many halls, in each of which special goods are exchanged including crystals, carpets, etc.
The Grand Bazaar of Tabriz is highly regarded among tourists not only for its history and construction but also for its carpet house.
As you know, Persian carpet especially Tabriz carpet is one of the most beautiful and most attractive products in Iran that is spoken about and has its place in many museums around the world.
Tourists who travel to Iran and the city of Tabriz are certainly going to watch or buy Persian carpets and take a valuable trip memento with them to their own country. To do so, make sure you visit Tabriz carpet bazaar. This visit will undoubtedly be one of the most exciting parts of your trip.
Tabriz Jame Mosque
After having a journey to Tabriz Grand Bazaar, now we are going to introduce you one of the historical monuments that is located to the end of the bazaar, Tabriz Jame Mosque, also known as Kabir Mosque.
You may have undoubtedly visited pictures of this beautiful mosque in catalogs and brochures or on the Internet.
The first construction of Tabriz Jame Mosque dates back to Seljuk era, and after that it was reconstructed in different eras. For example, a mihrab was built in the mosque during the Mongols, and tile mosaics were added during Aq Qoyunlus era. The biggest reconstruction and changes in the building are related to the Qajar era. In fact the majority part of this building that is seen today was reconstructed and repaired in this era by Hossein-Qoli Khan Donbali because most part of the building was destroyed after the earthquake in Tabriz in 1779 AD.
Tabriz Jame Mosque is highly regarded for its architectural style because this architectural style is a good and comprehensive example of Iranian architecture and thus its name is mentioned in different history books such as Marzubannama.
What is so amazing about this mosque is that different parts of it are attributed to different historical eras. For example, the very thick pillars reflect the architecture of the Seljuk period, the ceramics mosaic are reminiscent of Aq Qoyunlus era, the marbles used in its mihrab portray the architecture of the Safavid era, and the mosque arches are attributed to the Qajar era.
Iranviva Group suggests you visit the beauty of this Persian architecture on your trip to Tabriz.
Blue Mosque (Jahan Shah Mosque)
If you have explored the history of Iran and historical monuments in Iran, you will have no doubt noticed that mosques are found in all cities as the historical monuments. Tabriz is no exception and its beautiful mosques are the most amazing attractions of the city.
The Blue Mosque of Tabriz, also known as ‘Ali Shah mosque”, is the blue beauty left from the history of this land.
According to the inscriptions above the entrance of the mosque, its construction dates back to 1466 AD and it was built on the orders of Abu Muzaffar Jahan Shah in the period of Kara Koyunlu Oghuz Turks dynasty.
Tourists who are familiar with Persian architecture may wonder why the blue color of this building is so famous while the blue tiles are seen in all mosques across Iran.
The color of the tiles of this mosque is different from those of the other mosques. In fact, these tiles are aquamarine in color while the tiles used in other mosques are turquoise in color. It is because of this different color that most tourists visiting the mosque have mentioned the beauty of this building in their books and travelogues.
Some parts of the Blue Mosque were destroyed in the earthquake in 1780 including the dome and other parts of the building.
After the Blue Mosque, we suggest you visit Azerbaijan Museum that is located near the Blue Mosque.
After the National Museum of Iran, this museum is the second archaeological museum in Iran, so it is highly regarded by tourists.
This museum, built in three floors represents a collection of more than 2000 items related to prehistoric and post-historic periods.
Among the items that are represented in the museum are the ceramics dating back to seven thousand years ago, the statue of goddess belonging to 3 thousand years ago, and the bodies of a man and a woman related to three thousand years ago that are remains of a cemetery.
A section of the museum is dedicated to coins and seals from different historical periods, among which the first coins in this country can also be found, related to the Achaemenid period.
Arg Ali Shah
Arg Ali Shah is another historical monument in the city of Tabriz. The building was constructed to be used as a mosque in the fourteenth century, but its construction was stopped for some reasons like Ali Shah’s death.
After that, the use of building was changed into a military citadel in 1804 by the start of the war between Iran and Russia and it was used as a fortress in the city of Tabriz for many years. With the construction of other buildings and places, including a casting and a cannon factory in the courtyard of the citadel, this place was used as one of the defensive positions in Tabriz for a long time.
Arg Ali Shah was destroyed in a large scale in later years with changes of governments of Iran (from Qajar to Pahlavi).
The building, now known as Arg Ali Shah, visited by tourists who are interested in history, is only a small part of the original great structure.