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A Brief History of East Azerbaijan Province

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Tabriz (the provincial capital of East Azerbaijan Province) is the most important city in the province and the tourist attractions of the city are so many that they cannot all be included in this article.
For this reason, only a list of tourist attractions of the city is provided in this article and a comprehensive description about the city of Tabriz is provided in a separate article.

Tabriz, the City of Firsts

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If you have had a glance through the history of Iran and its historical monuments, you will have certainly noticed that mosques are among the historical monuments seen in every city of Iran.The Blue Mosque of Tabriz, also known as ‘Ali Shah mosque”, is the blue beauty left from the history of this land.The color of the tiles of this mosque is different from those of the other mosques. In fact, these tiles are aquamarine in color while the tiles used in other mosques are turquoise in color. It is because of this different color that most tourists visiting the mosque have mentioned the beauty of this building in their books and travelogues.

Qazvin, a city with the most number of historical monuments in Iran

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If you have had a glance through the history of Iran and its historical monuments, you will have certainly noticed that mosques are among the historical monuments seen in every city of Iran. Jameh Mosque of Qazvin is one of the oldest mosques in Iran that was built in the ninth century. This mosque was built over the ruins of a fire temple that belonged to the Sassanids. Since it was one of the most important places in the city of Qazvin, this mosque was attacked roughly by Mongols and was destroyed.

Iranian History at a Glance

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As the oldest civilization in Iran, the Proto-Elamite civilization marks the beginning of the cultural history of Iran. These ancient pre-Iranian civilizations were centered in the west and southwest of the modern-day Iran, known as Elam, and the capital was the Proto-Elamite city of Susa (Shush). The Elamites, under Mesopotamian domination for a long time, was closely tied to Mesopotamia culturally, and gradually adopted their language, the cuneiform writing, as well as their gods and temple. The massive ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil, an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran, is one of the few existing and best preserved ziggurats in the world. This monument was from the Elam Civilization which was disappeared by the Assyrians.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran

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With its outstanding cultural and natural tourist attractions, Iran, as a cradle of civilization, greatly enriches the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This list includes sites of cultural importance and natural wonders. Since 1979, 24 places in Iran have been recognized by UNESCO as the intangible cultural heritage sites, including the historical and cultural splendor of Persepolis, Chogha Zanbil, or Bam Citadel, to the natural wonders of Hyrcanian Forests and the Lut Desert. These 24 sites, which are scattered in every corner of the country, are considered as only some of the reasons why tourists should visit Iran. With Iranviva Group you can either choose any of the various tour packages provided beforehand by Iranviva Group or plan your own private tour packages and your desired itinerary to some of the most precious sites in Iran.

 Best Places to Visit in Isfahan

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Isfahan known as “Half of the World”, is the glorious capital city of Iran in the Safavid era. Now, as the third biggest city in Iran, with a peaceful atmosphere, Isfahan welcomes tourists from the five continents who love to explore the beauty and wonder that it has to offer. It draws many tourists to Iran notably for visiting its splendid attractions and enjoying the extraordinary experiences like walking by Zayandeh-Rud River along the wonderful historic bridges. Considered as the cultural capital of Iran, Isfahan has been recognized by the UNESCO for its outstanding universal value. Furthermore, as a hub for crafts and folk art, Isfahan displays the extraordinary beauty and glory of the best architectural pieces of the Islamic world in its iconic mosques and delicate palaces.
Here, Iranviva Group has provided a complete guide on what you can do or where you can go in Isfahan. So you can get enough information about the city of Isfahan before you book your Iran tour package with Iranviva Group, and before you travel to Iran.

Best Amazing and Technical Caves in Kermanshah, Iran

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How Are Caves formed?
First, we would like to acquaint you with the caves in general. A cave is a natural void in the ground, a hillside or cliff, specifically a natural opening in the earth which is large enough for a human to enter through the cave’s mouth. There is no certain dimension for the mouth of caves; the entrance might be very small, so that one needs to crawl into the cave through the mouth, or it might be an opening of several meters. Caves are formed either naturally or artificially.

Top 10 tourist caves in Iran Part1

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Iran is a country full of diversity and home to numerous amazing tourist attractions, similar to which, one can hardly find any other places.
One of the tourist attractions in Iran is its amazing caves. Thanks to the numerous caves in Iran, it is the paradise for caving lovers, and, every year, a large number of nature and adventure lovers travel to Iran to explore deep into the earth at the beautiful caves in this country.
In addition to places like Mount Paraw (Parau), which is full of technical deep caves, Iran has some caves that are good destinations for tourists interested in nature.

Top 10 tourist caves in Iran Part2

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Stalactite/ Stalagmite
There are numerous cylindrical sediments or cone-shaped rock formations known as stalactite and stalagmite in many caves. These sediments are of two types: some of them hang from the ceiling of the cave, named Stalactite, while the others rise from the floor of a cave due to the accumulation of material deposited on the floor from ceiling drippings, known as Stalagmite. Sometimes stalactite and stalagmites come together and form an integrated column. Limestone rock is mostly composed of calcium carbonate. When rain penetrates through limestone, it dissolves some of the calcium carbonate. So, the water dripping from the cave ceiling contain a large a Mount of calcium carbonate.

Mount Sabalan, the Third Peak of Persia

Sabalan

Mount Sabalan
Sabalan or “Savalan” (in Turkish language) is the most important symbol of the Azerbaijan region in Iran. Sabalan has three peaks called Sultan, Heram and Kasra. Sultan Peak is higher than the other two peaks and is the destination of many tourists interested in Trekking and mountaineering. Geographical Location
Sabalan is the third most elevated peak in Iran which is located in the northwest of the country, in Ardabil province. Sabalan is one of the volcanic peaks in Iran which has always attracted tourists due to the natural hot springs on the slopes, the beautiful summer nature and the Alvares ski resort.