Home > Iran Blog > Articles > Adventure

Best Amazing and Technical Caves in Kermanshah, Iran

Featured-Cave-3-Iran-tour-and-travel

How Are Caves formed?
First, we would like to acquaint you with the caves in general. A cave is a natural void in the ground, a hillside or cliff, specifically a natural opening in the earth which is large enough for a human to enter through the cave’s mouth. There is no certain dimension for the mouth of caves; the entrance might be very small, so that one needs to crawl into the cave through the mouth, or it might be an opening of several meters.
Caves are formed either naturally or artificially.

Artificial caves
Artificial caves are created by humans, in the form of holes, ditches or cracks in rocks or in the ground. Artificial caves are created for various purposes including protection of humans against animals, natural disasters, wars and so on.
Natural caves
The reasons of formation of different natural caves are as follows:
1. Acidic water (carbonic acid) flowing down through the cracks in the limestone
2. Sea wave erosion
3. Earthquakes and folding in rock layers
4. Volcano
5. Wind
6. Ice Caves

Top 10 tourist caves in Iran Part1

Top Caves - Iran Tours & Travel

Iran is a country full of diversity and home to numerous amazing tourist attractions, similar to which, one can hardly find any other places.
One of the tourist attractions in Iran is its amazing caves. Thanks to the numerous caves in Iran, it is the paradise for caving lovers, and, every year, a large number of nature and adventure lovers travel to Iran to explore deep into the earth at the beautiful caves in this country.
In addition to places like Mount Paraw (Parau), which is full of technical deep caves, Iran has some caves that are good destinations for tourists interested in nature.

Top 10 tourist caves in Iran Part2

Best Caves - Iran Tours & Travel

Stalactite/ Stalagmite
There are numerous cylindrical sediments or cone-shaped rock formations known as stalactite and stalagmite in many caves. These sediments are of two types: some of them hang from the ceiling of the cave, named Stalactite, while the others rise from the floor of a cave due to the accumulation of material deposited on the floor from ceiling drippings, known as Stalagmite. Sometimes stalactite and stalagmites come together and form an integrated column.
Limestone rock is mostly composed of calcium carbonate. When rain penetrates through limestone, it dissolves some of the calcium carbonate. So, the water dripping from the cave ceiling contain a large a Mount of calcium carbonate.

Mount Sabalan, the Third Peak of Persia

Sabalan

Mount Sabalan
Another high peak of Alborz mountains is Sabalan.
Sabalan or “Savalan” (in Turkish language) is the most important symbol of the Azerbaijan region in Iran.
Sabalan has three peaks called Sultan, Heram and Kasra. Sultan Peak is higher than the other two peaks and is the destination of many tourists interested in Trekking and mountaineering.
Geographical Location
Sabalan is the third most elevated peak in Iran which is located in the northwest of the country, in Ardabil province. Sabalan is one of the volcanic peaks in Iran which has always attracted tourists due to the natural hot springs on the slopes, the beautiful summer nature and the Alvares ski resort.

The Cities Nearby
Sabalan is the most important mountain in Ardabil province, 35 kilometers from Ardebil and 25 kilometers southeast of Meshginshahr.
This peak is 60 kilometers long and 45 kilometers wide.

Everything about Nakhjir cave

Nakhjir cave

This cave located in 11 kilo miters Northeast of Delijan and it’s in the way of Naragh one of city of Markazi state and on the slop of Takht mountain with 1716 meters hight, also this cave is near Kerugan, Veshtegan and Harazijan villages.
This cave is one of the Calcareous caves and has several floors and it consider a class caves.
The unique features of this cave is livelihood of the cave which it can repair cracks automatically.
95% of cave’s wall covered by Calcareous deposits.
According to some experts, this cave belongs to the third period is geology and antiquity of the cave is between 16 till 34 million years.

Brief description of Sahand Mount

Sahand mountain

Sahand is the name of a mountain range and a peak in the province of East Azerbaijan in Iran. Sahand is one of the dormant volcanic mountains in Iran. This volcanic mountain is full of beautiful and stunning lush meadows and is known as the bride of the mountains in Iran for its mesmerizing beauty.
Basil and fritillary are among the many plants in this area. Sahand rangelands are one of the most beautiful rangelands in Iran and is a summer place for the nomadic peasants of Azerbaijan.

Description of Mount Alam-Kuh

Alam kuh

Mt. Alam-Kuh is located in an extremely cold and snowy region, known as the largest mountainous region of Iran. The area lies between Taleghan Valley and Shahsavar and Abbas Abad forests. Most of the peaks in this area are over 4,000 meters high. Due to these features, the region is known as the Iranian Alps.
Alam-Kuh area, a large part of which is a part of central Alborz, has more than 47 peaks above 4000 meters high.
Alam-Kuh is adjacent to Kelardasht city and Rudbarak village in Mazandaran province and Taleghan city and Parachan village in Alborz province.
This mountain overlooks the city of Kelardasht to the north, and the city of Taleghan to the south.

Climbing in Damavand mountain

Damavand

Iran (Ancient Iran) is bordered by the Caspian Sea, Kharazm desert and Kura River to the north, by the Amu Darya basin, western mountains of Indus valley and the slopes of western mountains of Pamir to the east, by the western slopes of the Zagros mountains and the Arvand Rud (river) basin to the west and by the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea to the south.
The two main mountain ranges of Iran are Zagros and Alborz. Zagros mountains extend from northwest to Khuzestan Plain, and Alborz mountains extend from west to east along the Caspian Sea (Mazandaran).
The Iranviva team aims to attract your attention to Alborz mountains, specifically the highest peak of the range, Mount Damavand. But before that it is better to review the history and background of Alborz mountains and Mount Damavand.

Mountain climbing in Shemiranat

Shemiranat

Shemiranat is a region located at the north and eastern north of Tehran and is accounted as one of regions in Tehran with the most pleasant weathers; for this purpose, it was a place of country side for kings of Iran since longer ago.
Considering its not extended area, due to its geographical situation, we can see huge size of tourism attractions in this area.
Thus, this paper will introduce the summits of this area followed by introducing other tourism attractions of this area in further papers.
Because of locating in the southern range of Alborz Mount, Shemiranat area is one of the regions with most summits in Iran and is considered as one of the targets of tourists who coming from overseas, far or close to Persian land for mountain climbing.
We strictly recommend to the tourists interested in Mount climbing to travel to Iran for experience of memorable climbing besides travelling to K-2 Mounts in Pakistan, Ararat Mounts in Turkey, Everest in Nepal and Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.
Shemiran region is located in the southern range of Alborz and the mountains located in this area called as “Tochal Wall”.
This area has crescent-shapes summits with their height is increasing from east to Tochal Summit and then reducing towards west; however, western summits are taller than eastern summits.

Iran and its 10 beautiful canyons

Canyon

Iran is a country with several thousand years of civilization, where it is very difficult for a tourist to choose its tourism attractions in a short time of his/her spending. We are actually appreciating you and know that it is impossible for you to visit all beautiful places of this lost treasures territory; however we’ve provided you with a brief list of specific canyons of Iran by which we could guide you appropriately in your trip for visiting such places. This list has defied many canyons from beautiful Lar Desert Canyon to fascinating Shizar Canyon. It has also stated the calm and silent Stars Canyon to the exciting place in Ragaz Darab Strait and we are also expressing the features of Shahan Dasht, Talator, Almaut, Hour, Rageh,… by which we might provide you with a brief story of kindness of Mother Nature with your beautiful look at it.