Fars Province

The capital of Fars province is Shiraz. This province is bordered by Isfahan and Yazd provinces to the north, by Yazd and Kerman provinces to the east, by Hormozgan province to the south and by the provinces of Bushehr and Kohgiluyeh-Boyer-Ahmad to the west. The area is 122,608 square kilometers.

The city of Shiraz

There is no specific agreement for antiquity of Shiraz among Historians and Archaeologists; however, the point stressed by all historians and archaeologists is the antiquity of Takhte-Jamshid Region going back to Akhamaneshid Era.
Other names of Shiraz as mentioned in historical books and documents include Tirazis, Shirazis and Shiraz.
According to some historical documentations of Islam, the initial place of Shiraz was Abunasr Castle where transferred to its modern-day area during Bani-Omayeh Dynasty. Such transfer however accompanies with extermination of Estakhr City, the Capital of Fars.
It must be mentioned that at the time of Safari, Boiyan and Zandian Rule, Shiraz was the capital of government.

Semantics of Shiraz’s Appellation

The first documentations about Shiraz Naming goes back to the Elamite Clay-made tablets, i.e. 2000 BC. These tablets were just discovered in 1970 during excavations for constructing the Brick Furnaces. There has been mentioned the name Tirazis in these tablets.
There has been also mentioned the Shiraz name during second century AC and Samanid dynasty.
According to Abulgasem Ferdowsi (poet and writer of Shahnameh) Shiraz has been adapted from the name of Hushang’s son, third World King, i.e. Tahmurth.
When introducing Tahmurth, it is necessary to mention that according to Iranian mythical Shahnameh, he is the first one who could learn reading and writing from demons in his captivity.
One can see the name of Shiraz on the stamps discovered in Abunasr Castle going back to Sassanid era.
There has been conducted another study on the name of Shiraz; according to Tedesco Researches, Shiraz means good grapes although this theory hasn’t been confirmed by Benonist and Hening.
In 10th century, Ibn-e-Hougal recalls the publicity of Shiraz naming due to its similarity to Andarounshir because businessmen were taking their commodities from this town to Shiraz and trade there.

History of Shiraz

According to a book published by University of Cambridge, called “History of Iran”, there has been mentioned the name of Shiraz City as below:
“The permanent residence in the place of Shiraz City goes back to Sassanid era and before that time; however, initially it has been validly mentioned during Islamic era.
There are some claims in Islamic Books indicating that Shiraz town has been turned to a city by brother or newphew of Hojjaj Ibn Yousof in 693 AC. However, in his Encyclopedia, called “Iranika”, Iranian historian and archeologist, Shapour Shahbazi, professor of University of Harward, Colombia, Gottingen, Eastern Orgmann, etc.., hasn’t proven it yet.
In this case, John Limbert states that by accepting the believes of Islamic historians that Shiraz City has been established after Islam, however, we should not forget that there was a city by this name exactly in the place where modern Shiraz located or in its surrounding and the name of Shiraz has been obtained from the name of that town.
According to the discovered antiquities related to Sassanid era, Temple of Hormuz and Carnial, an ancient castle in the name of Shah Boubed and antiquities discovered in Abunasr Castle related to Sassanid Castle, Limbert, Shahbazi and Arthur Arberi has just found residuals of residence of people in Shiraz before entrance of Islam.
According to traditions of Iranian Legends, Shiraz city has been just established by Tahmurth

If you’d like to know more about Shiraz City, read Iranviva article “Shiraz tour planning, city of gardens”, “More orientation with Shiraz for tour planning” ans “Every things you should know about shiraz’s tours