Iran is a country with the most public holidays in the world. Iran has around 25 holidays per year, most of which are related to Islamic events based on the lunar calendar that may differ every year regarding the Lunar Calendar.
As in most countries in the world, there might be some limitations during public holidays regarding time hours for example. Some of the shops close earlier or even are closed all day in some cases. Generally speaking, tourist sights are open, with different opening hours. During these public holidays, you will also see Iranians enjoying their holiday as you, traveling around and sightseeing.
So you need to check the Iranian calendar before planning a trip to Iran, to be well aware of the public holidays in Iran. Some of these occasions might affect your trip plans. On extended holidays, like Nowruz holiday for example, you’d better book transportation tickets and accommodation in advance.
Just keep in touch with Iranviva Group in Iran, and follow Iranviva Group’s recommendations to enjoy the holidays among locals! Iranviva Group will inform you about the public holidays and the best time to travel to Iran.
Iran Calendar Systems
Iranians use three calendar systems:
- The Persian Solar Hijri calendar, the most commonly used in Iran, is one of the most accurate calendar systems in the world.
- The Islamic Lunar Hijri calendar is based on lunar months. An Islamic year falls about 11 days shorter than the solar year.
- The Gregorian calendar is used in most parts of the world.
The national holidays in Iran are based on these three calendar systems, so you should check it carefully before you plan to travel to Iran. As we told earlier, Iranviva Group will help you in planning your desired tour package, guiding you about the national holidays in Iran. Plus, public holidays are observed in all Iran tours planned and offered by Iranviva Group. Therefore, you can rest assured to leave everything to Iranviva Group from the beginning of your trip to Iran to the end of it. Iranviva Group will provide you a perfect trip to Iran according to your taste and desire.
Now have a quick look at the national holidays in Iran in 2020:
Iranian Public Holidays and Observances in 2020
|29 Jan||Wednesday||Martyrdom of Fatima|
|11 Feb||Tuesday||Revolution Day|
|8 Mar||Sunday||Birthday of Imam Ali|
|20 Mar||Friday||March Equinox|
|20 Mar||Friday||Norooz (Persian New Year)|
|21 Mar||Saturday||Norooz Holiday|
|22 Mar||Sunday||Norooz Holiday|
|22 Mar||Sunday||Prophet’s Ascension|
|23 Mar||Monday||Norooz Holiday|
|9 Apr||Thursday||Imam Mahdi’s birthday|
|14 May||Thursday||Martyrdom of Imam Ali|
|24 May||Sunday||Eid-e-Fetr (End of Ramadan)|
|25 May||Monday||Eid-e-Fetr (Additional Holiday)|
|17 Jun||Wednesday||Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq|
|21 Jun||Sunday||June Solstice|
|31 Jul||Friday||Eid-e-Ghorban (Feast of Sacrifice)|
|22 Sep||Tuesday||September Equinox|
|16 Oct||Friday||Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan|
|17 Oct||Saturday||Martyrdom of Imam Reza|
|25 Oct||Sunday||Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari|
|3 Nov||Tuesday||Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq|
|21 Dec||Monday||December Solstice|
National Holidays in Iran
In case you need more information about public holidays in Iran before your trip to Iran, look at the overview of the holidays and observances in Iran below:
New Year Holiday
“Nowruz” (21 to 24 March)
Nowruz holiday is the most significant holiday in Iran, which is celebrated worldwide on the first day of spring. The exact date of Nowruz can change slightly every year, but it is usually on March 20 or 21. On the first days of the year, Iranians visit their relatives, close and distant, and celebrate their holiday. A lot of people are off work and the schools are closed for longer on Nowruz holiday, one week before Nowruz (around the 14th of March) until two weeks after it (around the 3rd of April).
It is an unmissable occasion and a unique experience for visitors who travel to Iran. If you would like to experience a wonderful trip to Iran during this most significant and interesting traditional occasion in Iran, just contact Iranviva, and let Iranviva Group provide you everything from the beginning like applying for your Iran visa to the end of your trip to Iran, and make you one of your most memorable trips.
“Sizdah Be Dar” (2 April)
It is the “Nature’s Day”, an Iranian festival that is held every year on Farvardin 13, and is the last day of the Nowruz holidays. All Iranians leave their houses and spend this day picnicking outdoors.
Holidays Related to the Islamic Republic
“Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution” (11 February)
The rallies commemorate Islamic revolution’s victory day on Bahman 22nd in every city of Iran, starting in the morning, around 9:30 a.m.
“Oil Nationalization Day” (20 March)
Oil Nationalization Day is celebrated in Iran on 29th of Esfand every year, just one day before Nowruz. Legislation to nationalize the Iranian oil industry was passed by the Majlis (the Iranian Parliament) in 1951.
“Iranian Islamic Republic Day” (1 April)
The referendum held on Farvardin 12 was the consolidation of Islamic Revolution in 1979.
“Death of Khomeini” (4 June)
This national holiday commemorates the death of Ayatollah Khomeini, Iran’s supreme leader, in 1989. The biggest celebrations are held in Tehran, Qom and the village of Khomein, where Khomeini was born.
“Anniversary of the Arrest of Ayatollah Khomeini” (5 June)
The 15th of Khordad witnessed a public protest, known as the “Movement of 15 Khordad”, in 1963, against the arrest of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini by the Shah.
Public holidays below are based on the Lunar Hijri calendar. The dates are for 2020 (years 1440 and 1441 on the Lunar Hijri calendar), and it will be a bit different for different years, since the lunar year is 11 days shorter that the Solar year.
“Martyrdom of Fatima” (29 January)
On this day, Muslims (Shia) commemorate the martyrdom of Fatima, the Prophet’s daughter, who is a respected figure for Muslims.
“Birth of Imam Ali” (8 March)
Imam Ali is the first Imam of Shia Muslims and one of the most significant and venerated figures to them. Father’s Day is also celebrated on this day in Iran.
“Prophet’s Ascension” (22 March)
Muslims commemorate the spiritual ascension of the Prophet Muhammad on this day.
“Birth of Imam Mahdi” (9 April)
Ceremonies are held to celebrate the anniversary of the birthday of Imam Mahdi, the twelfth and last Shia Imam, who was born almost 1200 years ago and is known as the Savior of the world.
“Martyrdom of Imam Ali” (14 May)
Shia Muslims commemorate the Martyrdom of Imam Ali, the Prophet Muhammad’s son-in-law, by mourning on this day.
“Eid al-Fitr” (24 May)
This religious holiday that marks the end of Ramadan is called the “Festival of Breaking the Fast” which is celebrated by Muslims worldwide.
“Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq” (17 Jun)
Imam Sadeq was the sixth Shia Imam, who was raised by Imam Ali, and is a major figure for Shia Muslims.
“Eid-e Ghorban” (31 July)
Eid-e Ghorban is an Islamic holy festival to commemorate the willingness of Ibrahim to follow God’s command to sacrifice his son, but God gave them a sheep to be sacrificed instead of his son. So it is also called the “Festival of Sacrifice”.
“Eid al-Ghadir” (8 August)
Shia Muslims celebrate the day when a sermon was delivered by the Islamic prophet Muhammad in which Ali ibn Abi Talib was announced as his successor.
“Tasu’a” (28 August)
Tasu’a is the ninth day of holy month of Muharram. On this day, mourning ceremonies and processions are held for Imam_Hussein martyrdom anniversary.
“Ashura” (29 August)
Ashura is the tenth day of Muharram that commemorates the anniversary of the martyrdom of Imam Hossein, the third Shia Imam. Black and green decorations are prepared several weeks in advance flourishing all over the cities for Ashura’s ceremonies. The ceremonies are held with mourning processions and street theatres portraying the battle of Karbala in 680.
“Arba’een” (8 October)
This day commemorates the 40th day after the Imam Hossein’s death on Ashura.
“Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan” (16 October)
On this day, Muslims commemorate the death of Muhammad, the Prophet, and the martyrdom of Imam Hassan, the second Shia Imam.
“Martyrdom of Imam Reza” (17 October)
Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam, is an important Shia figure, with his holy shrine in Mashhad, the largest shrine in the world.
“Birth of the Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq” (3 November)
Muslims all over the world celebrate the birth anniversary of the Prophet Muhammad on this day.
As you see, there are many official holidays in Iran that root in ancient and current religions in this country. Travelling to Iran during public holidays is not complicated at all. Iranviva Group will help you in choosing the best time to travel to Iran, and will help you with everything about your trip to Iran. Sometimes, it is a good idea to take part in some of the celebrations and see people in Iran closely, celebrating these holidays, during your trip to Iran. Just keep in touch with Iranviva and leave everything to Iranviva Group about your wonderful trip to Iran.