As a clever way to avoid traffic congestion, and reduce time, energy and money consumption, public transportation can be more convenient and environment-friendly. Different types of public transportation services in major cities of Iran are available at a low price for everyone. For example, it’s really convenient to travel by subway around the city of Tehran, the capital city of Iran. In fact, using public transportation in Iran is not difficult at all. Here is all about public transportation in Iran that you may find useful as a tourist on your visit to Iran.
Buses in Iran
Buses are commonly used for transportation in different cities of Iran, and particularly in Tehran, and some big cities, it is the best way to escape the traffic in the busy parts of the city. Tehran, as well as some big cities in Iran have BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system, too. Although almost extinct in big cities, minibuses are still found in some smaller cities.
It might be a little bit tricky to find the right line for the right destination for the tourists in Iran, especially because the bus numbers and destinations are in Persian, except in some cases. So, you, as a tourist, may need to do a lot of asking around. No need to say that Iranians are mostly such hospitable people that they are very likely to help. So if you need any help, don’t hesitate to ask.
Metro and bus tickets must be bought in advance at the stations most of the time. Tickets cost between 10.000 to 15.000 rials.
Public transportation in Iran is gender segregated, in some cases. Iran separates men and women entirely in city commuter buses.
Metro in Iran
Metro systems are in operation right now in five main cities:
- Tehran Metro
- Mashhad Light Rail
- Shiraz Metro
- Esfahan Metro
- Tabriz Metro
It is under construction, though, in cities like Ahvaz, Karaj, Kermanshah and Qom.
Using metro systems is the most convenient and time and money saving type of transportation. So here’s the guide how to use it in Tehran:
Tehran metro guide:
Fortunately, Tehran metro system is not that complicated and so, tourists in Iran will also find it easy to use. It is really clean and modern and currently has eight operating lines, two of which are extension lines to the others. The trains in Tehran metro system work every day from 5.30 AM to 10.30 PM. It is really crowded in rush hours, 7-9a.m. and 5-7 p.m. Trains run approximately every 3 or 10 minutes, depending on the time of the day.
Since the signs are both in Persian and in English, finding the right line and the right destination on metro is not difficult for tourists in Iran. The official metro mobile application is also easy to use and available in English. It will also be a great experience for the visitors in Iran as they can find the metro a place full of life!
Public transportation in Iran is gender segregated, in some cases. There are women-only carriages in subways, typically located at the end of the train, the first and the last ones. Women sometimes feel more comfortable to be in separated carriages.
Metro tickets can be purchased at the stations, on the counters or from the ticket machines located in stations. Tehran Metro tickets are of two types, paper one-way or two-way tickets and ticket electronic cards. The electronic ticket cards can be used on the metro, buses and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). As needed, Iranviva Group will provide you with electronic cards for paying metro tickets during your stay in Tehran.
Tehran Metro Lines:
|Line 1 (Red)||It is the most useful line for travellers. It connects the Imam Khomeini International Airport and Tajrish, in the north of Tehran. Tajrish square is the jumping-off point for Darband, Tochal and the Sa’ad Abad and Niyavaran palaces. Heading south, Line 1 stops at Terminal-e Jonub, Rey and Haram-e Motahar for both the Holy Shrine of Imam Khomeini and the Behesht-e Zahra martyrs cemetery.|
|Line 2 (Dark Blue)||It runs between Tehran (Sadeghieh) in the west – where it connects with Line 5 (Green) to Karaj – and Farhangsara in the city’s east. It connects to Line 1 at Imam Khomeini.|
|Line 3 (Light Blue)||It runs from Azadegan in the southwestern suburbs to the far northeastern suburb of Ghaem. Useful stops include Rah Ahan for Tehran Train Station; Teatr-e Shahr and Meydan-e Valiasr for central Tehran; and Nobonyad for Niyavaran Cultural-Historic Complex in the northeast.|
|Line 4 (Yellow)||It runs between Mehrabad airport in the west and Shahid Kolahdooz in the southeastern suburbs. Between central Tehran and Meydan-e Azadi, for Azadi Tower and Terminal-e Gharb.|
|Line 5 (Green)||It runs from Tehran (Sadeghieh) to the west passing via Karaj to Golshahr.|
|Line 6 (Pink)||This line is under construction.|
|Line 7 (Purple)||This line is under construction.|
For more information, you can visit the official website: http://metro.tehran.ir/