A palace has risen in Tehran that has housed a museum in its heart. The Niavaran Royal Textile and Clothes Museum is the same palace that displays original and special Iranian fabrics. Has set. This treasure that in Niavaran Palace Complex is located, display of arts He was an irreplaceable Iranian who can not be found anywhere like him. Join us in this fascinating and readable article to know where the Museum of Royal Fabrics and Clothes is and get acquainted with its sections.
Before visiting the fabrics and clothes in this palace, the atmosphere of Niavaran’s private palace will fascinate you. The private palace is located in the north of Niavaran complex, has an area of about 350 square meters and has the necessary features to display this treasure in every way. When we step into a private palace and enter the Blue Hall, the first spark that comes to mind is the familiar atmosphere we have seen in contemporary history films. This hall was the place of several parties during the Pahlavi dynasty, the most important of which is the presence of Jimmy Carter on New Year’s Eve in Iran; A night that began in 1987 and that night, Carter called Iran an island of stability.
Although Niavaran Palace complex and especially Niavaran private palace have eye-catching beauties, but due to its unique features, the Blue Hall has become a place for setting up a museum of royal fabrics and clothes. One of the special architectural features of this hall is the presence of a fountain in front of the hall, which stylizes the space and makes it eye-catching. The second feature is the beautiful blue color that surrounds the walls of the hall. In addition to the mentioned beauties, the high height of the hall compared to similar parts and also, the special beds of the blue hall along with special decorations such as crystal chandeliers and two tapestries of French texture have made the blue hall itself a perfect complex. >
This special and very luxurious hall can be considered the best choice for a museum that intends to display the arts in the field of textiles and clothing. Therefore, with the decision of the Cultural Heritage Organization, this place became a space that exposes the treasures left by unique fabrics and exquisite clothes to the public; The decision had been made before, but was delayed due to the lack of a suitable space, until it was finally implemented in May 2012 and the museum officially started operating. The museum has tried to collect all the clothes and fabrics that are magnificent in terms of original Iranian art so that those interested in this field can become more familiar with the original Iranian art.
In some parts of the country and especially in the Sistan and Baluchestan region, there is art that doubles the exquisite ornamental fabrics. Sermeh embroidery is one of the special Iranian handicrafts that has its own fans. This beautiful art, which is usually done on strong fabrics such as cashmere, is also called tapestry or cashmere embroidery. In this process, the person who embroiders the kohlrabi sews all kinds of metal tapestries on the cashmere. The history of kohlrabi dates back to 2500 to 3000 years ago. Among the clothes and fabrics that are in the Museum of Fabrics and Royal Clothes of Niavaran, you can see several clothes that have the art of kohl embroidery.
According to the article “Where is the Museum of Royal Textiles and Clothes”, you should know that one of the most magnificent of these works is the Queen Velvet Sarafan, which is decorated with kohl embroidery. This sarong, which has a black color, is more and more embroidered with kohl and makes the original Iranian art more tangible.
Among the royal and diplomatic costumes on display at the Niavaran Museum of Textiles and Royal Costumes, the art of needlework attracts the most attention; Needlework that originates from the dreams and aspirations of women in the Balochistan region; Women who have embodied their dreams with eye-catching colors and dazzling designs on delicate fabrics such as silk. In these designs, the tailor, using fabrics that are simple and with the help of colored threads, sews eye-catching geometric designs that are engraved on the fabric with needles and hooks, giving the fabric unparalleled glory and beauty.
In addition to the special designs and geometric shapes used in these costumes, the specific color combination of each of the yarns used in the costumes amazes any viewer; The colors that bring vitality, freshness and joy of life among the fabric of clothes and are full of taste. This eye-catching art has not only aroused the admiration of Iranians, but also for tourists who visit this museum. There are a considerable number of garments on which the art of needlework manifests itself. One of these clothes and fabrics is a long, simple and formal women’s dress, which astonishes the museum spectators due to its special geometric design in its embroidery and also its unique colors.
A two-piece shirt is another garment that is embroidered. This two-piece dress, which consists of a coat and a dress, has shapes that are hard to find. Although both parts of this tunic are embroidered with needles, but the lower part of the garment has less workload than the coat that is placed on it. In addition to the mentioned clothes, inside the museum of textiles and clothes, there is a robe and a warm winter coat and skirt in the museum, which have used completely indigenous and traditional Iranian decorations. Although the mentioned cloak looks quite light and comfortable, but like the mentioned winter coat and skirt, it is warm and suitable for the cold seasons of the year.
Other arts that give beauty and eye-catching fabrics are embroidered beads and tapestry embroidery, examples of the most beautiful designs and stitches can be found in the private palace of Niavaran. One of the most unique examples of beads and tapestry is a taffeta shirt that stands out in the middle of the museum. In addition to beads and tapestries, I also like sequins on this shirt. This combination of fine arts has made the shirt more special. All these arts are used in the chest of the shirt and other parts are simple. This has made the shirt and the arts used more prominent in the eyes of the viewer.
Based on the article by the Museum of Textiles and Lips Where are the royal s? You should know that in addition to the mentioned shirt, there is also a pink taffeta shirt in the Museum of Textiles and Clothing, which is decorated with jewels and beads. This shirt has a short coat on which most of the beads and tapestries were worked.
As you walk through the various sections of the Museum of Textiles and Royal Costumes, a long silk shirt may nail you in place. This silk shirt, made of original silk, is decorated with sequins and adorned with unique glabton embroideries. In addition to the art of glabton embroidery and sequins, the velvet fringe made the shirt more elegant. In addition to the shirt, a velvet cloak embroidered with a glabton fringe is another special work of this museum. The design of the glabton embroidered on this cloak is similar to peacock feathers, and it is very eye-catching for a cloak as long as the cloak whose tail was stretched on the ground.
The third dress that can be Among the works of the museum, which was embroidered with glabton, was the turquoise dress of Bandar Abbas, which is more special than other clothes. This local dress includes a local shirt and pants decorated with sequins, beads and glabton. These shirts and pants are among the special clothes of the collection, because they use gold threads. Embroidered glabton yarns are made of stretched gold, which is used with a string-like pattern in the thread and powder of clothing. Although most Glabton dresses are embroidered with synthetic yarns, some garments can be found embellished with gold thread. Of course, it should be noted that Glabton embroidered yarn is made of synthetic yarns with gold plating, and countries such as Pakistan produce these synthetic fibers.
Cashmere fabric, which was very popular in the Qajar period and was used by aristocrats and nobles, was one of the exquisite Iranian fabrics that has been used in some royal clothes. One of these clothes is a coat made of this fabric. The sewing and design style of this coat shows well that it is designed for formal ceremonies and diplomatic occasions. Instead of fabric, small and large pieces of cloth have been seen that are specific to this fabric.
Among the traditional arts of our country that are subject to oblivion and extinction is the art of gold weaving or gold embroidery, which was very common in royal clothes. This fabric, which has gold thread and fabric, is very delicate and has a special shine. Red fabrics can double the beauty of gold embroidery. There are also several silk shirts in the Museum of Royal Fabrics and Clothes, which embroider the viewers with their embroidered gold ornaments.
Among all ancient civilizations, the art of embroidery is known as an ornament for fabrics and clothing. Caps and shirts adorned with embroidery can be seen in this museum. The embroidered fringe is another garment that has been displayed in this museum of royal fabrics and clothes. This art, which expresses the beauties of nature, finds an eye-catching background in a dark and cold color.
In the field of textile arts, I also like batik printing. This art, which first appeared in China and then spread to countries such as Egypt, India, Iran and Russia, is one of the dozens of ways to decorate fabrics and clothes. Examples of this eye-catching art can be found among the clothes in the Niavaran Textile and Royal Costume Museum. One of these examples is a dress with a black background and embossed prints with an Islamic design in red, which are very attractive.
In addition to fabrics that are domestically produced and available to artists such as Mahtab Norouzi, there are also fabrics that have been donated to Iran; Fabrics from various Asian and European countries such as Japan, Lebanon, India, France, Italy, Russia that have completed the museum in every way.
In this museum, in addition to exquisite and precious clothes and fabrics, I also taste exquisite and valuable bags and shoes; Leather, silk and wax bags.
As mentioned earlier in the article Where is the Museum of Royal Textiles, there are huge tapestries in the Royal Museum of Fabrics and Blue Hall that are gifts from European countries. These wallpapers, while beautifying the interior views, prevented the transfer of heat and cold inside the palace and also acted as insulation against noise. Two of the three goblins in the private palace are mounted on the walls of the Blue Hall, and all three tell the story of Queen Esther.
Address: Shahid Bahonar Square (Niavaran), Niavaran Historical and Cultural Complex, Second Floor of Niavaran Private Palace, Blue Hall
Visiting hours: Every day except the official mourning holiday from 9 am to 5 pm
Ticket price: 50,000 Rials for Iranians and 500,000 Rials for non-Iranians