Agra Crown is not just a structure in India It is a symbol of the love that Shah Jahan had for his third wife, a Persian princess. He died when their fourteenth child was born. After the death of the venerable Lady, Shah Jahan ordered the construction and erection of this building to be a memorial to his late wife. Join us in reading this article to know where the Taj Mahal is and to get more acquainted with the characteristics of the Taj Mahal.
South New Delhi One of the Seven Wonders of the World is the Crown The place is located. The crown of Agra was originally an Iranian garden. From the time this building was commissioned in 1632 until the completion of its first phase in 1653, it took about 22 years for a building with a combination of Iranian and Indian architecture to grow. According to the evidence and the article Where is Taj Mahal, 22,000 manpower, including workers and artists, consisting of Iranian, Indian, Anatolian and Central Asian artists, were employed to build the building. It is probable that the heads of Iranian architects were Ustad Ahmad and Hamid Lahouti, who played the main role in designing the characteristics of the Taj Mahal. In addition, by looking at the calligraphy of the inscriptions installed on the wall and in the building and finding the signature of his artist, one can also understand the art of Amanat Khan Shirazi.
The Agra Taj Mahal complex has several sections, including a tomb, a mosque, several living quarters and a garden. But what clearly stands out is that the tomb is more important to most visitors. The tomb is located in the center of this complex and is designed and built very simply but with unparalleled taste and art. This tomb is a large marble structure that is placed on a huge marble plate and is eye-catching in white. The four sides of this building are made exactly the same and look exactly the same from every angle. The most spectacular feature of this monastery is its beautiful marble dome, which is about 35 meters high.
But what is surprising is that the color of the building changes at different times of the day, for example, the pink color of the building in the morning, the milky color in the evening and the golden color of the building at night; This phenomenon was once thought to be due to the reflection of the river adjacent to the building, but recent research on the characteristics of the Taj Mahal shows that it is level with sunlight. It is said that Shah Jahan intended to build a similar building on the other side of the Jamna River with black marble and use a bridge to connect the new black building to the Taj Mahal, which was never due to the civil war. Did not occur.
According to the article Where is Taj Mahal? You should know that Shah Jahan was imprisoned for 8 years after he lost his government and he only had the opportunity to watch a part of Taj Mahal from the prison window. He died in prison, was buried in Taj Mahal with his wife.
Years later, in the 18th century, the rulers of Baharatpur invaded this region of India and looted all the ornaments, valuables, and gold used in the garland of the mosque. Also, the gilded and silver chandeliers used in the mosque were looted as a result of this attack, leaving only a part of the jewelry used in the walls of the building, which was looted in 1857 due to the British revolt in India. These precious jewels included jade, azure and ruby. The Taj Mahal of India was finally registered with UNESCO in 1983 and according to a poll, it was included in the list of seven wonders.
The Taj Mahal of India has seen the devastation we need to mention over the years and after the events it has gone through:
– The tomb of this complex, as mentioned, is one of the most visited parts and for this reason, due to this volume of visits, it is exposed to more dangers.
– Due to changes in temperature, the walls are constantly exposed to decay and erosion, which leads to more attention to restoration.
– Groundwater has penetrated the foundations of the building and gradually led to the decay of the foundation of the building and may in the long run lead to subsidence or destruction of the walls.
– Air pollution and greenhouse gases have yellowed the marble used in the building. Although the emission of these gases has decreased in recent decades due to the strictures of environmental and ancient activists, but this color change is quite noticeable.