Sights around Tehran are the best options for entertainment and one of the most important advantages is the proximity to It is Tehran. On the weekend of one of the most beautiful springs, Thursday afternoon, I wanted to have a day trip, because I wanted to see a new place, I chose Qazvin Alamut Castle, which was about 4 hours away from Tehran. In the evening, I packed up all my day-trip gear.
Finally, I saved the address and location on the phone so that I could easily reach the castle without worrying about losing my way. But what I forgot was that there was a walkway that was not mentioned on some of the websites. The distance had to be long and I was confused because I was not ready for this hike. So after the trip I decided to write about my experience for you and give you complete information about the different parts of the castle and its history.
Where is Alamut Castle?
Alamut Castle is located in Qazvin province, 8 km from Atan-Gazarkhan crossroads, Gazarkhan village.
Where is the castle entrance located?
The entrance to Alamut Castle is located on the northeast side of the castle.
When is the best time to visit the castle?
The best time to visit Alamut Castle is late spring and early summer.
Qalavin Alamut Castle
Alamut Castle is one of the historical attractions of Qazvin and one of the most important historical castles that many archaeologists know as a place to study a particular period of history. In a part of the history of the country, the name of Alamut Castle in Qazvin is known as Hassan Sabah and the Ismaili sect, and the reason is that Hassan Sabah stayed in this castle for 35 years and led the region.
Alamut Castle as one of the Qazvin sights has an area of more than 20,000 square meters and is located on a rocky cliff it was made. Due to the fact that Alamut Qazvin Castle is located on a rock, it has a good view and view of the surroundings, and therefore it can be said that in its time, the highest point of the castle could have been used as a place for observation.
Alamut Castle used to be magnificent, but over time, many parts of it have been destroyed due to bad weather and poor maintenance. It is still a part of Qazvin history and for this reason it is very important for tourists, especially natives.
This castle, which is located in the northeast of Ghazarkhan village of Qazvin, 2363 meters high R is located above sea level and is 200 meters high. Alamut Castle was built next to a very deep precipice and as a result was an impenetrable fortress in the past.
There are 4 deep precipices around the castle and the only way to enter the castle is a hard path on the northeast side. There are red rocks and green space on the 4 sides of Qazvin Alamut Castle, which has turned this area into one of the historical attractions of Qazvin and places of interest.
History of Alamut Castle
The history of Qazvin Alamut Fortress is divided into two main periods from the Mongol invasion and after. In the first 400 years, the castle has endured many ups and downs and has seen many historical stories. According to the book “Nozha al-Qulub” by “Hamdollah Mostofi”, this fort was built in 246 AH, so the period of its construction coincided with the beginning of the caliphate of Mutawakel Abbasi.
In the book Nozha al-Qulub, Hamdallah Mostofi mentions that the builder of the fort was Hassan bin Zayd, and that the fort was built from the beginning for military and security purposes. Some believe that Hassan Sabah also bought the fort in 483 with the aim of using it as a military and security fortress, but the main story is that Hassan Sabah had captured this fort and several other forts.
This beautiful castle resisted all foreign invasions from 483 to 654 AH and for this reason it was called an impregnable fortress. Unfortunately, in 654 AH, at the same time as the Mongol invasion of Iran, like many historical and important places, it was set on fire by the Mongol Holakokhan.
Many people and soldiers of the Ismaili dynasty were also killed. This incident is the most bitter part of the history of Qazvin. Thousands of thousands of volumes of exquisite books were kept in Alamut Castle in Qazvin, but during the Mongol invasion and the burning of the castle, thousands of books were burned in the ignorance of the Mongols. Fortunately, at the same time, a person named “Atamelak Jovini” was able to obtain the consent of Holakokhan to prevent the destruction of part of the library, and thus the courage of a person was able to save an important part of the history of the castle.
But this ignorance was not complete and during the Qajar period (in 1006 AH) with the aim of discovering the treasures hidden in this area, part of Alamut Castle was destroyed. This is where we say it is from us that is upon us. Was not the Mongol invasion enough to destroy an important part of the history that led to the assassination of Alamut Castle during the Qajar period?
Who was Hassan Babah?
Hasna ibn Ali ibn Ja’far Sabah Humairi, abbreviated to Hassan Sabah, was the founder of the Ismaili state on the Iranian plateau. Hassan Sabah trained as a Twelver Shiite and traveled to various cities for further training. He traveled to Egypt before the age of 30 to complete his education. In 483 AH, he chose Alamut Castle to be a refuge for the Ismailis against the Seljuk dynasty. After the capture of Qazvin’s Alamut Fortress by Hassan Sabah, he seized other forts, including Lamsar, Shahdej and Ghohestan in different parts of the country. His purpose in capturing these forts was to defend against the Seljuks and to promote the Ismailis.
Name of Alamut Castle
The name of Alamut Castle consists of two main parts, “Al” and “Umut”. “Al” is derived from the word “alweh” or “god” meaning “eagle” and “amoot” also means “learning”. The storytelling of this castle is very interesting. According to the legends of the past, one of the kings of Dailami was informed of the current status of Alamut Castle as one of the sights of Qazvin with the help of an eagle, and finally chose the name “Eagle’s Nest” for the construction of the castle.
But others believe that “Amut” means “learning” to the detriment of Dilam and Gil And so it can be said that Alamut can also be interpreted as “learned eagle”. Of course, if we want to modify this word a little, we will reach “eagle education”.
Entrance to Alamut Castle
As we mentioned, Alamut Fortress is surrounded on all sides by a precipice, which gives it an impenetrable defensive structure. The only entrance to Alamut Castle, as one of the places of interest for tourists in Qazvin, is on the northeast side and a little lower than the east tower.
There are deep ditches in the northeast, north, east and south that do not allow entry to the castle. But in the northeastern part, a tunnel 6 meters long and 2 meters wide and 2 meters high has been dug in the heart of the rock, which is a passage for tourists to cross. Crossing this tunnel, you will reach the south tower and the southwest wall of the castle. In this part, a room has been dug in the heart of the mountain, which was probably a guard room in the past.
Stone entrance stairs were built during the Qajar period, while mules were used to cross the entrance route before the stairs were built. The current entrance has a stepped section and a flat section with a door at the end where you can enter Alamut Castle.
Different parts of the castle
The locals also call Qazvin Alamut Castle “Hassan Castle”. This fort consists of two main eastern and western parts called “Jorqala” and “Pilaqla”. The western part has a higher height and it is called Bala Qala or Jorqala and the bigger castle is also called Pilaqla.
Qalavin Alamut Castle has different sections that We will examine them in the following.
Guard rooms are built inside the cliffs. On the south side, inside the rocks, a room has been dug that was used as a watchtower. In the eastern part of the same room, a wall 2 meters high has been built, the foundation of which is inside the rocks.
In the first room of Alamut Castle, there is a small water hole that will fill up again if you empty it completely. Some experts speculate that the hole in the first room is connected to a pond south of the castle. Next to this room is the north wall of the castle, which is about 12 meters high and 1 meter wide.
In the southwestern part of the castle, a pond has been built that is 8 meters long and 5 meters wide. This pond is dug in the heart of the rock and is flooded every year in spring and winter. To the southwest of the pond you can see a vine that is still green. This part of the castle was probably the residence of Hassan Sabah between 483 and 654.
In the eastern part of the castle, there are residences for the castle guards and their families. In the northern part, 10 stables have been built for cattle. Of course, other rooms were built in the heart of the rock that do not exist now.
The only entrance to Alamut Qazvin Castle is located on the northeast side and there is a deep moat around the castle and the existence of these moats has made Alamut known as a stronghold.
There is a square between the lower and upper castles, which is surrounded by a wall and divides the perimeter of the castle into two separate parts. Even today, in the middle of the field, many relics from the past can be seen in the form of piles of rock and soil. Most likely, these rocks and masses are the remnants of the destruction of the building.
In the eastern part, three small reservoirs were built in the heart of the rock, but unfortunately there is no trace of it at the moment.
An important library was built in Alamut Castle with thousands of exquisite books and manuscripts by Hassan Sabah. As mentioned earlier, most of this library was burnt down by the Mongols. The establishment of the library and the collection of outstanding books of that time was one of the important and outstanding actions of Hassan Sabah. In his world history, Jovini referred to the Alamut Library and wrote that it had more than 400,000 books.
What were the defenses of the castle?
One of the most important defensive facilities of Alamut Qazvin Castle is the ditches that have been dug around this castle. The castle is located at a height and there is only one way to enter it. So it was difficult to conquer in the past. The fort was built for war and defense and was used for military purposes, so the moat could have been the first weapon to fight and confront.
On the southern slope of the mountain on which Alamut Castle was built, a ditch 50 meters long and 2 meters wide was dug, which in the past was full of water. The water of this ditch was supplied from inside the castle. Thus there was no way of penetration except at the entrance. On other slopes, wherever it was thought to be possible to penetrate, ditches were dug, and on the other hand, the walls above each moat were built diagonally to make it impossible to climb.
Architecture of Alamut Castle
Qazvin Alamut Castle consists of two parts, east and west, which are called “Jorqal” and “Pilaqla”. Inside the castle cliffs, guard rooms have been dug. The castle is built in a position with a moat around it and some are natural and others have been dug by hand in the heart of the mountain. This was done to protect this military fort.
One of the architectural wonders of this historic castle is the room where there is a small water hole. If you empty the hole completely, it will still be full of water. The reason for this is that this hole is connected to one of the basins.
Alamut Fortress is built on the height of a difficult rock and the walls are built along the cliffs so that there is no place to penetrate. For this reason, the width of the walls is different in different parts. Of the castle towers, only three north, east and south towers remain, and of these, the east tower is more complete.
From the top of the castle you can see the Alamut Valley and the current river in the area. The fortifications of the entrance part of the castle are more than other parts because this 6-meter tunnel could have been the only way for the enemy to penetrate, and for this reason it has been made stronger. Some of the castle rooms are dug in the heart of the rock and the most important material used for construction is stone.
In the southwestern part of Alamut Castle, a pond 8 meters long and 5 meters wide has been dug in the heart of the rock, which fills with water every year after spring and winter rains. In the southwestern part of this basin, Hassan Sabah’s residence was located and in the eastern part of the castle, a residence was built for the castle guards. It is interesting to know that the reservoirs were dug in the heart of the mountain, but unfortunately there are no traces of them at the moment.
Treasures of Alamut Castle
Hassan Sabah amassed great wealth during his time, and some thought he had buried his wealth like a treasure in the ground. Therefore, according to ancient legends, Hassan Sabah hid a historical and great treasure in Alamut Castle in Qazvin, and for this reason, during the Qajar period, parts of the castle were destroyed for the first time to find treasure. The Qajar princes thought they could find the treasure, but their only achievement for the future was the destruction of one of Iran’s most important historical monuments.
Amenities around the castle
According to the latest statistics, 1,200 people visit Alamut Castle annually as one of the historical attractions of Qazvin. Many of these people are foreign tourists, so having amenities for this historic site will be essential. At present, 15 rural houses have been prepared for travelers and tourists to stay in Gazarkhan village due to the “accommodation” plan.
The best time to visit Alamut Castle
Qazvin’s Alamut region is cold and mountainous, so the best time to visit Alamut Castle will be in late spring and early summer. Exactly in this time period, the climate of Alamut region will be temperate. On the other hand, in these seasons, the nature around the castle has become green and beautiful, and you can enjoy the natural beauties around the castle after visiting it.
Also keep in mind that Alamut Castle is crowded in late spring and early summer, so if you want to visit this area when it is secluded, choose other months but be aware of the extreme cold weather. .
Note that Alamut nights will be cold even in summer, so if you are planning to stay in this area, be sure to bring warm clothes.
Where is Alamut Castle?
Alamut Castle is located in Alamut region of Qazvin province and close to Gazer Khan village. Due to the fact that this castle is built on a high cliff, you should climb it for about 45 minutes to visit it.
Address of Alamut Castle
Qazvin province, 30 km from Moallem Kalayeh city, 8 km from Atan-Gazarkhan crossroads, Gazarkhan village
Alamut Castle on Google Map
Do you remember Alamut Castle?
How nice it is for all the tourists to share their experiences so that everyone who plans to travel after them knows exactly what awaits them. If you have any memories of Alamut Castle or you want to remind us of something that is not mentioned in this article, be sure to leave us a comment.