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Architecture of Tabriz Poets Tomb; The connection point of the culture and history of Iran

Architecture of Tabriz Poets Tomb; The connection point of the culture and history of Iran

Tomb of the Poets of Tabriz One of the ancient tombs Tabriz and the burial place of nearly 400 great poets and literary figures as well as mystics of Iran and other neighboring countries. Join us in the article Where is the Tomb of the Poets to learn about the history of the Tomb of the Poets of Tabriz and also the architectural beauties of the Tomb of the Poets of Tabriz.

مقبره الشعرای تبریز

The Tomb of the Poets of Tabriz was located in the Sorkhab region. According to the article “Where is the Tomb of the Poets”, you should know that the Tomb of the Poets was also known as “Hazira Al-Shoara”, “Hazira Al-Qadha” and “Sorkhab” Cemetery in ancient times, but unfortunately over time and more severe natural events such as floods and earthquakes have eroded the architecture of Tabriz Tomb .

موقعیت جغرافیایی

According to the literary writings of well-known Iranian and foreign biographers and the history of the Tomb of the Poets of Tabriz, this place is the burial place of more than 400 poets, mystics and historians from all over Iran and several great figures of Persian literature such as Asadi Tusi ( From Khorasan) Khaghani Shirvani, Qatran Tabrizi, Shapoor Neyshabouri (from Khorasan), Hamam Tabrizi and Mani Shirazi (from Shiraz) and recently the living memory of Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Shahriyar have rested there.

بزرگان مدفون در مقبره

In the sixth century, after Tabriz became the center of the Atabakan rule of Azerbaijan, Tabriz was the land of poets in search of a life free from conflict and war. Khaghani, Abul Ala and Falaki from Shervan and Ganjeh, Zahir Faryabi and Shahpour Neyshabouri migrated from Khorasan to Tabriz and settled in this city and after their death, each of them was buried in a special shrine which is mentioned in historical texts and memoirs. It was named as the Tomb of the Poets. Other poets from the Ilkhanid era and the Agh Quyunlu period lived in Tabriz or migrated to Tabriz from other places and died in this city, which are often buried in the same courtyard and near Khaghani. I do not like the name of this tomb in the works and writings before the eighth century AH.

There is no mention of this place in the book Labab al-Albab written by Mohammad Awfi in 618 AH, in which a biography of eighth century AH poets such as Khaghani and Zahir al-Din al-Farabi was written. The oldest reference to this tomb is in the book Nozha al-Qulub by Hamdollah Mostofi in 740 AH. Also, in the selected history of Mostofi, written in 730 AH, the tomb of the poets was mentioned.

Due to the abandonment of the Tomb of the Poets after the earthquakes of 1193 and 1194 AH, and because this tomb is the burial place of many great poets and mystics, in September 1350, a competition was held to design a monument to the Tomb of the Poets by newspapers. Was held and after a while, Gholamreza Farzan Mehr project was selected and the construction and execution of the monument began. According to the article “Where is the Tomb of the Poets”, this monument is considered as the symbol of the Tomb of the Poets and one of the elements of Tabriz. The symbol of the Tomb of the Poets, which is a combination of ancient and modern art and architecture, stands out in the heights of this tomb.

The construction of this project started in 1351 with a contract between the designer and the former National Works Association and continued until 1961, and from this year onwards, the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance took over the implementation of the project. Farzan Mehr regarding the selection of the plan for the construction of the Tomb of the Poets of Tabriz and the construction process stated:

1) This design has been done with the aim of creating unity and combining the design based on traditional and modern architecture. In the design of the building, creating a sense of connection with the viewer and the novelty of the design is always considered in order to maintain its charm over time. 2) The arches are a symbol of the combination of old and modern architecture and to build it, first five The ground layer is pounded to increase its strength. If this plan was implemented correctly, the useful life of the structure was predicted to be up to 500 years. The structure is a metal monument and was covered with prefabricated concrete cladding.

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