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Azadi Tower; A Witness to the Contemporary History of Iran

Azadi Tower; A Witness to the Contemporary History of Iran
Freedom Square has always been important. Whether it was when he was called a martyr and was a memorial to the glorious imperial celebrations, or after Hezarovik hosted the path and event and welcomed a group of compatriots. Freedom Square is the historical memory of the capital, which has never been like any other. The capital of a country called Iran that loves this tower and square not only for its architecture and beauty, but for its name.In this article Alibaba Tourism Magazine we want to walk to Azadi Square once again and see the air of Tehran ( Although polluted but lovely) to breathe.

Who was the designer and architect of Azadi Square?

Hossein Amanat designed and built the Freedom Tower in 1349.

What is the height of Freedom Square?

45 meters

Different sections of Freedom Square?

In the basement there are various sections with the following names: Hall of Iranian Studies, Ceremonial Hall, Passage Hall, Mirror Hall, Ethnic Gallery, Technology Corridor, Old Hall, Multivision Hall, Cinema Small, garden gallery and library. The upper floors also represent the architecture of the Freedom Tower.

Where is Azadi Square address?

Azadi Square is located right next to the passenger terminal west of Tehran. You can reach Azadi Square from Azadi Street, Mohammad Ali Jinnah Street, Lashkari Highway and Ayatollah Saeedi Street 4.

A look at the history of Freedom Square

Freedom Square owes most of its fame to the Great Tower in its middle. The tower that was built in 1349 by the order of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and despite the passage of several decades since that year, this tower is still a symbol of Tehran and maybe it is better to say the symbol of Iran in the world.

The unique design of Azadi Tower, which was originally called “Martyr Tower”, was done by “Hossein Amanat” and the task of its execution and construction was entrusted to Mohammad Pourfathi. The purpose of building the Freedom Tower was to keep alive the memory of the 2,500-year-old celebrations of the Iranian Empire, which, whatever it lacked, left us with an architectural masterpiece.

میدان آزادی تهران بزرگترین میدان جهان

If you are a resident of the capital or have even visited Tehran once, you will most likely pass Azadi Square You have already seen that. But to be honest, Freedom Square is more than a tower for taking photos and a square for walking around. It is not unreasonable to say that Azadi Square is the greatest historical witness of our time that has seen the beginning and end of thousands of events.

Freedom Square after the revolution

Freedom Square became an important venue for all the events of the society after the revolution. From the welcoming ceremony of Imam Khomeini, who had traveled to Iran from Paris, to all the important political and social gatherings. One of the wonders of the post-revolutionary era is throwing the ball at the Freedom Tower next year. This incident in Nowruz 1400 caused cracks in this tower, which no institution or organization has taken responsibility for until today.

میدان آزادی تهران با همه امکانات

Construction of a passenger terminal on the outskirts of Azadi Square has made it one of the busiest squares in Tehran Is. But perhaps the most important thing that is constantly raised about Freedom Square and its iconic tower is the lack of proper attention and care of this place in the post-revolutionary period.

These events instill in us a fear that, by negligence, the Freedom Square of the Tower of Memories will be lost; A tower that has been registered in the memory of thousands of Iranians and even Iranian tourists in memory of Tehran.

Architectural features of Azadi Square

Have you ever traveled to Isfahan? If your answer is yes, you have probably seen Sheikh Lotfallah Mosque up close. The space and flower arrangements on the outskirts of Azadi Square are the most similar places to the design and role of this mosque. Except that it has an elliptical geometry instead of a circular shape.

Freedom Tower, which is located exactly in the middle of Freedom Square, has a different and interesting architecture, the most prominent feature of which is the “awesomeness” of the tower. While at second and third glance it may seem a little short and say to yourself as if they hit his head!

Honestly, your opinion is not too far-fetched, because the 45-meter-high Freedom Tower is still thirsty for ascension and seems to be a few meters short. However, we must trust the architect and designer of this tower and give the possibility that this idea has reached his mind.

ویژگی‌های معماری میدان آزادی

The reason for limiting the height of this tower to 45 meters is its proximity to Mehrabad Airport, which inevitably tied Hossein Amanat’s hands and feet. Of course, he has made good efforts to compensate for this weakness by helping to increase and decrease the slope of the ground in different parts, as well as maneuvering on the width and length of the tower (63 meters).

What’s going on inside the Freedom Tower?

After looking at the exterior architecture of the tower, it’s time to look inside. Freedom Tower has two staircases and two elevators that provide access to its four inner floors. The number of stairs is 286, which I think either has to be broken by the elevators to go to the stairs or you have the desire to count the stairs!

The architecture of Azadi Square, and in particular the former Martyr’s Tower, is influenced by the architectural style of various historical periods. The foundations of the tower are inspired by the Achaemenid period and the main middle arch is reminiscent of the Kasra arch of the Sassanid period. In other sections, there are signs of Islamic architecture that fully approve of the integrated design of the Freedom Tower.

Different sections of Freedom Square

Freedom Square, contrary to what we know, is not limited to a tower and its perimeter. Of course, I, who live in Tehran, was not very familiar with the interior of the tower until I went there to see a secret theater and I was surprised to see the world that is going on in the middle of Azadi Square. In this section, I will tell you more about this “world inside the tower”!

برج آزادی تهران

entrance of Azadi Square

Azadi Square has access to different parts of Tehran from 4 sides. When you go north, you will enter Mohammad Ali Jinnah Highway and the southern road will take you to Ayatollah Saeedi Highway. The east and west sides lead to Azadi Street and Lashkari Highway, respectively. Next to all roads and streets, Azadi Tower is one of the most important and busy entrances in Tehran, which regularly witnesses the daily travels of travelers.

Hidden sights in the basement of the square

But let’s get to the same world inside the tower that has many parts and sights.

Cinema Hall

Azadi Square is a small movie theater with 51 seats. This hall was established in 2009 and its use is mostly in private screens and for reviewing works of art.

Hall of Mirrors

Mirror Hall is another part of the tower that has 12 sections. The reason for naming this hall is the mirror work of these 12 sections, which has made the works in it more visible.

سالن سینما

Artistic volumes as well as symbolic images in the Mirror Hall, topics such as oil, environment, wildlife, urban planning , Show sports and..

Park Gallery

Bustan Gallery is one of the large halls whose calm and bright atmosphere has created suitable conditions for holding art workshops and exhibitions of visual works.

Family Gallery

A semicircle with 8 glass showcases that display the culture and handicrafts of different parts of Iran is called the “Ethnic Gallery”.

جاذبه ها و دیدنی های برج آزادی

In this gallery, dolls made by Behrouz Gharibpoor wear these clothes Hand in hand, waiting for visitors.

Ceremony Hall

This pleasant structure in Azadi Square, like many other places, needs a ceremonial hall to be able to host news conferences and cultural events. The Freedom Ceremony “Ceremony Hall” will meet this need.

Iranian Studies Hall

The Iranian Studies Hall is supposed to introduce us to Iran, so to be honest, it could not even imagine a perspective from Iran!

U-shaped mock-up with a cool version of our country Iran with the most advanced symbols and equipment. Let’s not forget that the big name of “Iranian Studies Hall”, in the heart of the Freedom Tower, which is known as the symbol of Iran, creates an expectation beyond this replica for every viewer.

سالن ایران شناسی

Probably you have confirmed my words by seeing the picture in this section.

Old Hall

The Old Hall is actually a museum that has 25 glass showcases, exhibiting relics from the Sassanid, Achaemenid, Parthian periods, as well as some Islamic periods, on display. The Qajar-era women’s jewelry exhibition, formerly housed in the Saadabad Palace Museum, has now been moved to the Old Hall in Azadi Square.

زیورآلات بانوان قاجار

It’s interesting to know that when you enter this section, you are right under the Freedom Tower.

The communication paths between the floors (elevators and stairs) are located in the old hall and allow access to other floors. By the way, if you want to know more about Azadi Tower, there is a shop in this section that sells cultural products related to Azadi Tower in addition to handicrafts.

Technology Corridor

Azadi Square technology corridor has been more impressive and attractive in the past. Maybe because the eyes of all visitors were less accustomed to seeing different forms of technology and were more interested.

رباتی که پیانو میزند

Multivision Salon

Multivision Hall is the part that first opened my foot to the interior of the Freedom Tower. Multivision is a theater with good facilities of light, sound and image, which creates favorable conditions for theater performances and other artistic forms of artists.

برج آزادی تهران

The reason for naming this hall is its ability to be used for various tasks; Such as showing movies, holding music concerts, various conferences, etc.


The Freedom Square Library may not be a reference center, but among the 11,000 books it holds, there are 2,000 valuable resources on topics such as history, architecture, linguistics, and literature that are most frequently referenced.

Passage of the Ancestors

This section is a corridor with different lighting than other sections with glass showcases around it. There are historical artifacts from the BC in these showcases that are not without grace to see.

Perhaps you, too, are right that the space of the passage of the ancients is reminiscent of things like the crypts and vestibules of ancient Iran.

برج آزادی تهران

The first floor of Azadi Square or the same basement

As I mentioned, the former Martyr Tower located in Azadi Square has 4 floors, each floor has its own space and use. But what parts do we see on the first floor of Azadi Square? All the parts I have told you so far are in the basement of Azadi Square. The basement is actually the main part of the Freedom Tower and all the important programs are implemented in this floor.

Patrol on the second floor of Freedom Tower

There is no special news on the second floor and it is just a place to change the elevator. If we look at the arch of the body of Freedom Tower from the outside (something about 23 meters above the ground), we are actually looking at the second floor of Freedom Square.

Sights of the third floor of the Freedom Tower

If you want to see more and better the architecture and construction of Azadi Tower instead of visiting the galleries and halls of Azadi Square, go to the third floor.

دیدنی‌های طبقه سوم برج آزادی

The third floor of Azadi Square is approximately 33 meters from the ground. When you raise your head, a concrete dome catches your eye. A sun-shaped ceiling with sunlight shining beautifully through it. If you are a little familiar with the general principles of architecture, you will enjoy seeing the beautiful combination of modern and traditional architecture.

The last floor or under the dome of the Freedom Tower

but the highest floor of Freedom Square; I like this part more than anywhere else in Freedom Tower. Although not very high, when you look through the honeycomb windows of the north, south, east and west of the capital, you feel for a few minutes separated from the daily life of people walking this way and that, and it is definitely an experience. It will be pleasant for you.

طبقه آخر یا زیر گنبد میدان آزادی

Above this floor is the roof of the former Martyr Tower. Of course, it is unlikely that you will be allowed to enter this part, but know that a ceiling with beautiful turquoise tiles has made the top of your head the color of the sky.

Visit Freedom Square

Azadi Square area and space that welcomes you at all hours and days. But if you want to visit its interior, you can visit this cultural-artistic complex every day (except the days of martyrdom and Saturdays) from 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM.

Ticket prices also vary depending on which sections you intend to visit; For example, to see all the sections, you have to spend 25 thousand tomans.

Where is Azadi Square?

Azadi Square is located right next to the passenger terminal west of Tehran. There are several ways to reach Azadi Square. Azadi Street, Mohammad Ali Jinnah Street, Lashkari Highway and Ayatollah Saeedi Street are the four main routes that lead to Azadi Square.

Azadi Square; Symbol of Tehran and freedom-loving Iran

Unique architecture, interesting history, attractive interior sections and other features of Freedom Square are none as great as the symbolism of Freedom Square. Perhaps it is better to say that all these features have helped to create a perfect political symbol of Freedom Square; A field with a standing but cracked tower that looks more like us than anything else.

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