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Bezler Hafshjan Historical Cemetery; A place with spectacular tombstones

One of the most ancient cemeteries in Iran is the historical cemetery of Bezler Hafshjan; Cemetery located at Shahrekord . According to research conducted in the historical hills around this cemetery, it is estimated that humans lived in in 7,000 BC. Hafshjan lived. It seems that Iranian myths have not been ineffective in the formation of Bezler Hafshjan cemetery and its name and location show us this. Join us in this fascinating and readable article to know where the historical cemetery of Bezler Hafshjan is and find out its secrets.

The name of the area where Bezler Historical Cemetery is located is Houshang Shah Plain. Houshang is said to have been a pioneer king, and the fire and celebration of the centenary have also been attributed to him. According to Persian mythology, the black dragon, which is a symbol of the devil, attacks Houshang Pishdadi and throws a stone at him to repel the dragon. One stone hit another, sparked, and fire was discovered. The plain and the place where this legend took place became known as Houshangian plain and later a city called Houshangian was built on it. The name of this city changes over time to Hoshgan and then to Hafshjan; A city that was in Isfahan for a long time.

Some tombstones in this area are related to the great rulers of Chaharmahal Isfahan. They were working for Biglerby in their seat of government, which was Hafshjan. In 1135, when Isfahan fell to the Afghans and Nader Shah invaded Isfahan and suppressed pro-Safavid commanders, including Hafshjan, Hafshjan also left the center of Chaharmahal. After that, Hafeshjan began to decline in all political and governmental spheres, experienced a significant decline in culture, religion and music, and never reached its glory in the Safavid era.

Milking and making milk sculptures is one of the common occupations of this region and its people are famous for it. The stone lions of Bezler Hafshjan cemetery are among the most beautiful and technical sculptures of their kind. These lions are the relics of the Medes in this land and their construction style has remained a relic from generation to generation.

There are more than two thousand historical tombstones in Bezler Cemetery in Hafshjan, which include from Safavid to Qajar. Parviz Tanavoli and other historical scholars of the Islamic period equate this historical cemetery with Isfahan Steel Throne is known and it is considered as one of the unique historical cemeteries. According to famous historians, stone lions were usually placed on the graves of martyrs, youth and heroes. The role of guns, swords, daggers, shovels and bent cypresses are all signs of stones.

Among these carved stone lions, tombstones can be seen horizontally, vertically, altars, chests and statues. All of these tombstones have different decorations and for unknown reasons, some of them have been planted horizontally and some vertically. On the vertical stones that have the shape of an altar, there are motifs of two pigeons meaning courier and letter bearer, flowers and vases, Islamic shapes and Islamic words such as Hawalbaqi, Hawalhi al-Dhi Laimut, Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim and a few lines of poetry.

These lions represent the power and symbol of the Twelver Shiite religion. However, in the last thirty years, these stone lion statues have been looted by various people. Some of these lions were at the entrance of Hafshjan National Park, which were transferred from this cemetery into the city and still remain. This historical cemetery was registered as one of the national monuments of Iran on August 29, 2002 with the registration number 5999.

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