Aria Heritage / This news was written for you about the cave in Maragheh, which is a suitable place for holding competitions and caving courses.
Ghar Hampuel Known among the locals as the Pigeon Cave, it is located 15 km southeast of Maragheh, near the village of Geshayesh, and its attractions make it a resort for travelers, tourists, as well as a pristine place for competitions and courses. Caving has become national and international.
This natural effect on a rocky mountain slope, has many beauties in its silent and tired heart to feel the love of nature lovers in its deep and big heart and keep it as a memory in the depths of its being.
“Hampa Kohul”, “Hamba Kahul”, “Hampuil”, “Hong Kohul”, “Hampo Hool”, “Hempoohol” are other names of this cave which has its roots in Sanskrit language.
The importance of Hampuil Cave is due to the existence of deep wells, which can be seen in the form of stone kilns and large halls, making it an attractive work for cavers, researchers and mountaineers who visit this area every year.
According to prominent domestic and foreign scientists and cavers, this cave is one of the most important and interesting gray caves in the world, which exists in several US states, and geological research and scientific studies in the future are likely to provide clear angles of history. And reveal its secrets. This natural attraction can be considered as the oldest cave in Iran and the second cave in the world in terms of antiquity, which is considered among the tourism capacities and even the caving sport of the country and the region of Azerbaijan.
At the beginning of the entrance to the cave, there is an inscription in Russian that dates back to 1925. At the beginning of the cave entrance there is a large square with a dovecote roof. After the low tunnel on the right, there is another relatively large square. On the north and northeast side of the second square, I can see four holes and depressions, which indicate the existence of four wells. The height of these wells is as follows: well one 15 meters, well two 37 meters, well three 15 meters, well Four 23 meters, wells 1 and 2 are connected at the bottom and are limited to the same place. But wells 3 and 4 are connected at the same time below.
Large rocks can be seen in this square, the surface of which is slippery due to the fall of groundwater until June, and passing through them requires great care. This large square then leads to large rooms and finally to narrow tunnels. Hundreds of bats were seen hanging on the roofs of the rooms when they were swaying in unison with a certain coordination, but now, due to the high traffic inside the cave, there is no place for bats and little by little they gave their place to humans and found themselves in the dark. The wells were reduced.
In this cave, there are interesting halls and passages, each of which is named by the cavers of Tabriz and Maragheh, such as the sad hall, the temple hall, the well and the bat hall, the mirror hall, the Kosar pool, the ski slope , David’s well… pointed out. Many changes take place inside the cave every year. The main geological changes of the first and second fields are the formation of ash, which sometimes reaches the ankle and even the knee. Inside the numerous wells of the cave, there are two aquifers, one of which has been destroyed due to a fall, but in the other well there is water and the sound of its flow can be heard from above. Around the wells and walls and the roof of the second square, calcareous sediments have created interesting and beautiful landscapes.
The air in the cave is very humid and there is not enough air at the end, especially near the third and fourth wells, and it is not possible to reach the cave wells without sufficient equipment such as ropes, floodlights, safety equipment, air capsules and guides. .
According to researchers and cavers who have so far been able to get out of the dreaded wells, which according to them, the first well from above with a depth of 12 meters, the second to a depth of 60 meters and the third to a depth of 100 meters, respectively, and to the Hall of Mirrors Let them find their way, a hall that reflects light like a mirror when it falls on its roof, and when you step beyond it, you reach a clear spring where the exit of water is still unknown to anyone, and the cavers’ discoveries end here.
According to the cavers who took their hearts to the sea and moved forward as much as they could and were able to walk this route in 9 hours without a moment of rest, and also if you ask the locals about the condition of this cave, the story You hear a lot of fantasies, including that it is narrated that a person drops his cane into a cave well, and after eight months of traveling to Karbala, he finds his cane where he had traveled through the Euphrates.