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Corners of the history of Isfahan in Aali Qapo Palace

If the best things were offered to the kings of different periods, this time it was the Safavid king who had to sit down from Qazvin and come to watch the square, which goes west and east. It seemed a little more cultural in Isfahan and the Safavid period in the heart of Qapo High Palace.

These were Shah Abbas Kabir I and the Safavids, who at that time listened intently on the porch of the Supreme Palace and stared at the original and attractive Iranian polo matches; Not that there was such a large pond in the middle of Naghsh Jahan Square at that time, there were no flowers or plants at all.

It was a pristine land, and the one who died for a few dozen new horses to ride on it and attack with polo sticks to the ball to tune the king’s bag. Polo, which is nothing, shooting competitions were held from one end of the field to the other. You have to force Arash the archer to shoot straight at the target.

If the mosque was the place of worship of the people and the bazaar was the place of business and livelihood, the High Palace of Qapo would be considered the place of dealing with the affairs of the country at that time and about the Iranian kings. Perhaps this is why this palace was also called the “Holy State of the World”. Although there are great palaces in the world with glory and splendor, none of them is ashamed of its greatness as the great palace of Qapo. Stay tuned to Alibaba Tourism Magazine .

How many floors does Qapo High Palace have?

6 floors

Which city is Qapo High Palace located in?

Isfahan, Naghsh Jahan Square

What are the designs of the murals of Aali Qapo Palace?

Miniature painting, gilding, foliage patterns, flowers and plants, animal and bird hunting grounds painting, bird motifs, Islamic lines, Khatai

Killed, narrow-minded, Mogharnas

Aali Qapo is proud of the great Ottoman chapter!

It dates back to Arjouqorb in the Safavid era, which was the most glorious kingdom after Islam, but since the inscription of the High Palace of Qapu has been destroyed, it is not clear exactly when it was built. At a time when everyone and everything had to respect the kings and bow their heads, this time it was the turn of the kings of the Safavid period to pay their respects to the turquoise mosque of Sheikh Lotfollah in front of Naghsh Jahan Square and the Shah Mosque. Do not be bold and big.

Until a few years ago, you could not find any houses in Isfahan sights that would violate the sanctity and greatness of the mosque, let alone The Shah’s palace, which could make a great claim; That is to say, the palace, which should make people understand who owns the world, had a simple, noble and sincere look in front of the two mosques, and showed its emptiness at least before the Abbasid period, until Shah Abbas came and added one after another to its classes. And gleamed. In fact, the upper pillar porch with beautiful mirrors was painted by the same Shah Abbas II, which is no longer known, mirrors that shone in direct sunlight.

کاخ عالی قاپو

Now, God forbid, you are not guilty of guilt or guilt, lest you be taken to the High Palace of Qapu to be tried. To win. I do not know whether they trusted the door of Imam Ali (AS) at the entrance or the mercy and compassion of Shah Abbas I, the greatest and most compassionate Shah of Iran. But as soon as they took refuge in the great entrance of Qapu, no one but the king was allowed to take them out. Just look at the greatness of Shah Abbas to such an extent that if a criminal wanted to take refuge in someone, he would not see the two surrounding mosques in the role of the world and would take refuge in Aali Qapo, Isfahan.

What does the great history of Qapo narrate?

After strange conflicts, the capital had to be moved from Qazvin to another place. One of the best and most pleasant sights of Iran should be considered Isfahan. This is how Shah Abbas I started working between 973 and 977 and moved the capital of that time from Qazvin to Isfahan. Now, if this king wants to differentiate his capital, he must depict it with Safavid architecture.

This is where Shah Abbas I ordered the construction of the Aali Qapo Palace in the large and well-groomed square of Naghsh Jahan in Isfahan to set a unique example against the Ottomans. Qapo High Palace was very simple at that time, but after the death of Shah Abbas I, it seemed that Shah Abbas II and Shah Sultan Hussein also liked to make the entrance to Naghsh Jahan Square simple and add classes to it.

Do not look at Naghsh Jahan Square in Isfahan and the great Qapo architecture now, as many of today’s palaces are surrounded by نم ی‌رسند. It took about 70 to 100 years to get from simplicity to get here. At that time, Naghsh-e Jahan Square, which was 386 meters long and 140 meters wide, which I calculated was not less than the size of Moscow’s Red Square, was given to the Shah. The excellent architecture of Qapo was nationally registered on January 6, 1961.

Aali Qapo fell into the hands of the ruthless

Although the architectures of the Qajar period were not a little different from the Safavid period, but as soon as they removed the power of governance from the floor of the Safavids, they damaged Aali Qapo with cowardice and lack of culture. Qapo High Palace lost its strength without other Safavid kings. It even fell on the carpet so much that the ruling house of Isfahan at that time became Zol-e-Sultan.

جاذبه های اصفهان The tastelessness of this ruler has taken its place It is said that during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah, he built the palaces of Isfahan He ruined it and he also wanted to ruin the great Qapavi of Isfahan who poured his own poison by drawing plaster on his paintings. This is from the ruler of Isfahan at the time, and it was from the invasion of the Afghans, the strange battles and conflicts, and the ignorance and arrogance of some post-Safavid rulers who brought the High Palace of Qapo to the brink of destruction.

Qapo Excellent Building Architecture

The first and second floors of Aali Qapo were for the crew and guards of the palace, and this can be seen from the simplicity and colorlessness and glazing of this madhouse, observatory or guard house on the first floor. The third floor of the great Qapu architecture saw large rooms through which the king had access to the higher floors.

The decorations of the walls of this floor are from the decorative motifs of Shah Abbas II and his next cover is from Shah Sultan Hussein. The two half-floors are also located on the music hall. The last and sixth floors are famous for their music hall or sound room. A room where the king and imperial musicians gathered and enjoyed playing music to the fullest.

کاخ تاریخی عالی قاپو

The latest excellent reconstruction of Qapo

Reconstruction of the mansion started in 2005 and continued until 2007. With this reconstruction, the porch became stronger than before. They cleaned the soil of the time and the dust of the wars that had been sitting on it for years, and restored the palace with different colors and layers of murals.

Qapo Excellent Building Decorations

Although the paintings of Qapo High Palace do not have a specific date and it is not clear exactly who the artist is. But the paintings outside the magnificent Qapo Palace with its blue and yellow colors only amaze you, and from corner to corner it is just a beauty that the paintings and decorations of each floor do not bother you at all. Even your head is constantly on the high ceiling to enjoy the paintings of the ceiling and its small and large geometric shapes.

Even its royal staircases are decorated with yellow and blue tiles. What can I say about the branch motifs on the walls, which, along with the flowerbed, the paintings of hunting grounds for animals and birds, the patterns of birds, Islamic lines, khatai and other things that have been created in layers and slaughters, make you miss day and night.

جاهای دیدنی اصفهان


The art of plastering with its simplicity is going through the golden age in the Safavid era. Gypsum, Isfahan gypsum, white gypsum and killed gypsum were used for slaughter to create a very narrow surface on the walls. A surface that, with very little protrusion, evoked the feeling of painting on the walls. Deadly designs and gilded drawings appear on the walls of Qapoo as much as you want.


If you go to the third floor and the music hall, you will see a special type of plastering called tangoobri, in which shapes in the form of bottles, vases were drilled on the wall.

کاخ عالی قاپو


In this type of Safavid period decorations, different geometric shapes are arranged in polygons and circular shapes according to each other. Of course, this type of architecture can be seen in some mosques and tombs. This type of decoration under the ceiling of the music hall next to the narrow walls is spectacular.

What is the story of Qapo’s great interior miniature?

One of the great architectural attractions of Qapu is the red carvings and miniatures inside, which depict the walls of the lower hall of the Palace of Art at that time. Reza Abbasi, one of the most famous, most prominent and irreplaceable artists of the Safavid era, has been responsible for many of the miniature paintings of Qapo High Palace, which is why his name survives to this day.

How many floors does Aali Qapo have?

Aali Qapo is one of the few palaces that did not satisfy with 1 floor and not with 2 or 3 floors, but enchanted everyone with 6 floors. Today, there were no, but two halls on the ground floor of the palace where the administrative and court work of the Shah was performed and resumed, which was called the Sadrkhaneh and the Patrol Hall. If you look at the mansion from the front, you think that you are dealing with a 2-storey palace, but it has 6 floors.

طبقات بنای عالی قاپو

What were the stages of making Qapo?

Aali Qapo, with its Safavid and Qajar tiles and its height of 36 meters, was considered the tallest building of its time in the sights of Isfahan. Although the grandeur of this mansion should not be compared with an ordinary building, but it is the size of a modern 8- or 9-storey apartment.

After a while, many floors, porches, decorations and glass were used to propane the building. In any case, whatever it is, it is the king’s palace and its color should be more colorful than other houses. In total, the excellent construction of Qapu took five steps; From the reign of Shah Abbas I in Isfahan to Shah Sultan Hussein.

کاخ عالی قاپو

first stage

From the very beginning, Aali Qapo was the entrance to the royal buildings and palaces, the kitchen, the royal stables, the place of the guards and the Safavid royal clinic. That is, through this entrance, they could access these places from Naghsh Jahan Square. However, not every bosrop had the right to travel to it, except the king and the courtiers themselves, who went there for administrative and ceremonial work or work of which we may be unaware. Even the king’s residence passed through the same entrance, which means approaching the great entrance of Qapo Del Shir and a little foolishness.

second stage

It is not possible for a city and urban planning to become big and glorious, but the Shah’s palace is what it used to be. Especially when the city of Isfahan became the capital of Iran. That is why the king came to himself and went to explain his position to the people. It added two floors, the third, fourth and fifth floors, and the porch to Qapu High Palace to make its royal palace more mouth-watering. Of course, it was so mouth-watering that it looked like a large palace.

مینیاتور داخلی

third level

It seems that the great architecture of Qapo was not enough so far. That’s when the music hall was added to the mansion. That is, what does the other king want to have? The whole square of Naghsh Jahan, which is nothing, the whole of Isfahan is under its feet. Ivan wants it big just to watch matches and have fun with his guests. All that was left was to build a hall with strange cavities and indented plasters called tangoobri, and to have a concert hall the size of today’s halls.

The fourth step

It seemed that the porch seemed small to the great king of Iran, and every time he sat next to his guests on the porch, then his mind was that he should patch and widen his porch as fast as possible to have more views from one garden to another than polo matches. And watch shooting and celebrations and servers.

معماری زیبای عالی قاپو

Step Five

Finally, a wooden roof with a knotting art and 18 columns was built, which was accessed through the royal stairs. In the middle of this porch you can see a copper pond that provided water supply system to other floors. The same pond is designed symmetrically in the form of holes and indentations under the roof of the porch, which I do not know what its philosophy is. The king, relieved to have completed the great architecture of Qapu, continued his reign in Kiev and Kifur.

Why is Qapo great building famous?

Such a palace, which in the beginning was only a gateway between Naghsh Jahan Square and other Shah buildings, is now more royal than many other palaces with many sections and carvings. He is known for many things; To his music hall, to his messiah pool, to his engravings in various classes with those tribulations, slaughterhouses and moqarnas.

بنای عالی قاپو

Excellent Qapo entrance

I do not know the entrances of today’s houses, but Aali Qapo had five entrances, one of which was only the place of government of that time. This is why the entrance to Aali Qapo Palace was called the gate of the government house. Naghsh Jahan Square, which at that time was nothing more than a garden, was connected to the Aali Qapo mansion, Teymouri Hall, Tavileh Hall, and the Forty Pillars Palace. But it seems that the other four entrances, the four-width door, the royal door, the door of the harem and the door of the front house or the kitchen, were left unattended.

بخش های عالی قاپو

Music Hall

The music hall with 9 rooms, 1 corridor, 2 spiral staircases and 4 balconies makes Aali Qapo Isfahan more cultural than before. The music hall was built on the last floors of Qapo to refresh their souls with the caress of music, the heads and kings along with the blue beauty of the pond and the greenery of the flowers and plants of the square. If the embossed patterns on the walls have no use other than beautiful, the patterns that are hollow and narrow on the walls in the form of jars, jugs, jugs and chandeliers are used to reflect the sound into the hall.

تالار موسیقی کاخ

To reach the music hall, you have to go up the spiral staircase, which is full of decorative paintings. As the musicians began to play the instrument, the sound of their instruments echoed through the holes in the wall that reminded me of a three-stringed instrument, not allowing it to reach the other six floors. The cavities under the ceiling of the sound chamber return the sound naturally. The plasterwork of the hall is very similar to the Ardabil Porcelain Museum.

Porch of Aali Qapo Palace

The porch of Aali Qapo Palace is on the third floor with its ceiling to the fifth floor. However, there was no roof in the beginning and later Shah Abbas II built this porch with its 18 wooden pillars with beautiful mirrors that sat under its shadow to watch various ceremonies and polo matches and behind the porch their eyes reached the dome of monotheism.

جاذبه های اصفهان

Copper pond in the hall

Behind the music hall and on the porch of the Aali Qapo Palace, there is a marble and copper pond right in the middle of the hall, which was decorated with marble stones and filled with air, the water of the pond was empty and full. Now how the water was brought to the third floor has its own story. In the past, there were fountains right in the middle that seem to be disappearing today.

The dome of monotheism

If you have seen two beautiful and glazed mosques in front of the great Qapo of Isfahan, I guess you have neglected to see the small earthen dome behind this mansion. Maybe it’s because the king’s palace is behind it. Of course, although there are differences about the construction and date of its establishment, but there is no reason to ignore it.

کاخ عالی قاپو

It is said that Shah Abbas Kabir or Shah Abbas I may have wanted to build this dome to extend his devotion to the two mosques in front of him. However, one of its uses was that the Sufis of the Safavid period gathered around it and the king, who was busy and did not have time to take care of them, delegated the responsibility of guiding the Sufis to someone called the Caliph of the Caliphs to guide the Sufis and seekers. And guide.

Stairs of excellent Qapo building

There are 3 stairways in Aali Qapo, Isfahan, two of which were built in a spiral and symmetrical manner with 114 steps to be a place for gatekeepers to move. There is another staircase called the royal staircase, which is designed with stepped and straight tiles with a height of 22 to 32 cm per step, which are just breathtaking.

The courtiers used this staircase to travel to higher floors to see Jamal Shah. Since the reception hall space on the third floor did not have the capacity to welcome and entertain guests, there are three stations along the royal staircase from the ground floor to the reception hall where guests wait for the king to allow them to attend. The floor of this royal staircase is decorated with blue and yellow tiles and the walls are decorated with curtains.

جاهای دیدنی اصفهان

What was the great name of Qapo?

There are three reasons for the great name of Qapu, one of which was the show of strength of the Safavid dynasty against the Ottoman Empire. Where the Ottoman Muslims had built the same palace called Bab al-Ali in modern-day Islamabad or Istanbul. Shah Abbas I, who wanted to show the greatness and eternal superiority of the Iranians to the world, built the High Palace of Qapu, which is much more magnificent and decorated than the High Palace of the Ottoman Qapu.

The second reason was the special devotion of Shah Abbas I to Imam Ali (AS) which caused him to install a silver one for the court of Imam Ali (AS) and in return, as soon as he was blessed, he would bring one of the doors of the porch of Imam Ali (AS) to the entrance door. Awesome Qapo add. Shah Abbas I had so much respect for this door that if he rode back and forth on horseback, as soon as he approached the door of the palace, he would get off his horse and enter the palace because of his closeness to this Imam.

کاخ عالی قاپو

The third reason is that the Safavids ruled in the Supreme Palace of Qazvin before moving the capital to Qazvin. Later, when they moved the capital from Qazvin to Isfahan and Naghsh Jahan Square, they named it Aali Qapo at the entrance of this square, which is a continuation of their path. Aali Qapo is prepared in Turkish and means “big door” or “big door”. Of course, they did not say bad things. The great gateway that, as soon as it entered, they found themselves in the middle of the world and the square of the role of the world. Of course, this palace is also known as the Mobarakeh Government House, the Role of the World and the Government Palace.

When is the best time to visit Aali Qapo Palace?

Do not look at its size, it does not get crowded. When the opportunity arises, it accommodates half of the world. So consider its crowds and at a cost of 5 thousand tomans from 9:00 am to 18:00 pm every day except the 14th, 15th of Khordad and 21st of Ramadan, 28 Safar and Tasoa and Ashura welcome you. Its summers are scorching and its winters are bone-crushing, but spring and autumn will make those days memorable.

کاخ عالی قاپو

Where is Aali Qapo?

Text address: Iran, Isfahan city, Governor Street, Sepah Street, Naghsh Jahan Square, Isfahan, Aali Qapo Palace.

Phone number: 03132222173

Excellent on Google Map

What is the access route to Aali Qapo?

To see the wonders of Naghsh Jahan Square and Aali Qapo Palace, enter Naghsh Jahan Square from the east of Hafez Street and from the west of Astandari Street and Sepah Street. But if you have a car, you can use the parking lot on Sepah Street so that you do not have to spend an hour or two finding a parking space.

جاهای دیدنی اصفهان

An excellent Qapo and a thousand soda

Wherever there is a king, a queen, or anyone whose head is tensed, it is settled; Even if it was once a desert. An example is our own Tehran, as soon as it became the capital, it would emerge from the rubble 100 years ago and become a modern Tehran with its European palaces that dazzle many.

What else do you want from Isfahan? Naghsh Jahan Square of Isfahan, with its wide and long pond and its roaring fountains and lush flowers and plants, attracted the eyes of kings who had never seen gold and colorful and glittering jewels in their lives, let alone the people of Iranian streets, bazaars and streets. Who love art and beauty. I do not know why, but the porch above the Aali Qapo Palace, with its slender columns, reminds me a lot of the roof and columns of Saadi’s tomb. Take a look at the role of the world that you watched in Aali Qapo, which is a world in itself.

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