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Damage to cultural heritage in the first half of 1998

ISNA / This news was written to you, dear audience, about the damages to the cultural heritage in the first half of 1998.

Natural disasters are another threat to a country’s cultural and historical heritage. Floods, fires, earthquakes, etc. have caused irreparable damage to antiquities in recent years. But proper crisis management can prevent the destruction of works and prevent them from falling victim to the code. Undoubtedly, one of the serious problems for Iran’s cultural heritage is the protection of historical and cultural heritage. The destruction of historical sites under various pretexts and the lack of sufficient capacity to protect the monuments, the lack of funding for the restoration of historical monuments and the increase in the theft of monuments are among the problems that Iran’s cultural heritage is struggling with.

The year in which Nekost emerges from its spring

The year 1998 started with a flood, which in addition to financial and human losses to the city and people, also damaged the lives of many historical monuments.

According to the report of the then Deputy Minister of Cultural Heritage of the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization, in April 1998, 730 historical monuments in 25 provinces of the country were damaged due to rain and floods. According to the studies and monitoring done so far, a credit equivalent to 300 billion tomans is needed to repair and save these works.

Also, the head of the Office of National and World Databases of the Cultural Heritage Organization says: three national bases: “Historical Bridges”, “Historical Texture of Boroujerd” and “ Qala-e-Falak-e-Aflak ” in Lorestan province, two national bases « Yush historical village »و« Farahabad Sari Collection ” in Mazandaran Province, four global bases “haft tape”, “ Choghaznabil” , “Shush” and “Shushtar Mills  in Khuzestan Province, National Base “Historical Texturenational historical context Birjand and Boshrouyeh » In South Khorasan, the historical texture of Noshijan hill in Hamedan, the historical texture set Bastam” in Semnan, National Base” Site Valley City In Ilam, two national bases Rouin village and Belqis Historical Site“, two national bases “Gorgan Historical Texture” and “Wall Gorgan History” in Golestan Province and Biston World Base in Kermanshah introduces national and world bases that have been damaged by the flood of Nowruz 98 and the exact amount of damage Expresses 679 billion rials.

Destroying part of the mother of Iranian bridges in Lorestan

One of the thousand-year-old pillars of the mother of Iranian bridges in Lorestan province collapsed with the overflow of the Kashkan River and water from the sides of the bridge was causing serious damage to this Sassanid building.

Ruh Emami, a member of the editorial board of the Khorramabad Goloni news website, stated that Kashkan Bridge in the bed of Kashkan river in Lorestan is called the mother of Iranian bridges for a big reason, he said: before this with rain In 2016, the arch of this historic bridge, which was annexed to the building during the Qajar period, had collapsed. The flood also caused one of the foundations of the bridge, which was submerged in water, to collapse.

The danger that passed through Qaboos

Gonbad Qaboos began its year 98 with rain and floods, which For a few days, not only this world area, but the whole city was surrounded, although the flood damage to the city and the people were numerous, but the historical monuments involved in this flood were another part of this damage, which can be said to be a small percentage of them. They have not been compensated yet. But this dome has a different story due to its universality. One of the threats that has been threatening Qaboos World Dome for several years is the dampness in the wall of this world monument, especially in the lower parts of this historical monument. But the emergence of these weeds on the conical dome of this world work is definitely a greater threat to this world work.

Although images of this global dome have been published over the years, weeds also appear to be present, but storage conditions and even flooding appear to be flooding. The fact that Nowruz in 1998 was in this region has become an effective factor in the faster growth and more greenery of this historical monument.

Qaboos Tower is a building that is more than 1000 years old and with a height of 55 meters (building), considering the height of 15 meters of the hill, which has reached 70 meters, it has been named the tallest brick tower in the world. This tower, which was registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2012, is one of the most unique architectural monuments of the Islamic period, which is located three kilometers from the old city of Jorjan, the center of Al-Ziar government. This tower has a record of attracting tourists in Golestan province every year on Nowruz.

In Tehran province, damages to Kan historical bridge and Nimrud bridge of Firooz Kooh city and Shah Abbasi bridge of Pardis city were opened. Also Aminabad Caravanserai, Reshkan Fortress and the building of several shrines were slightly damaged due to heavy rains.

As mentioned, many buildings were damaged in the 98 floods, and many promises were made to repair them, but two years later, some buildings are still awaiting restoration. An important issue to be considered in this regard is to provide solutions to protect historic buildings from damage caused by natural disasters, as reported in the flood 98, flood damage, earthquakes, etc. are sometimes irreparable And it is expensive.

Take the risk of fire in monuments seriously

Despite the possibility of any natural disaster in the country and at any time, but the fire in recent years still has the first rank of flips that sometimes lead to the benefit of some programs and meetings that from the point of view of the same trustees and experts Heritage is a repetitive task. An action that is only taken without any proper planning and taking appropriate steps, so that one day they may reach a practical result.

Tabriz Bazaar on fire Fuel. This bazaar, which is one of the largest roofed bazaars with masterpiece architecture, was not the first time it was set on fire and in 1988 it burned for two days.

According to the then Deputy Minister of Cultural Heritage of the Cultural Heritage Organization, in the fire of 1988, about 113 historical shops were set on fire in the “Do Dari” store in Tabriz Bazaar, which damaged the world market with a credit of 20 billion Tomans.

But it was not just the Tabriz bazaar that caught fire during the past years. Plasco , Sari Grand Mosque , Bazaar Tehran , Temple of the Hindus of Bandar Abbas The tomb of Esther and Mordecai Zamra, a historical pharmaceutical house in Gorgan, “ Black Bridge »Ahvaz, Azizi Babil historical house, etc. are among the other buildings that burned down.

Many of Iran’s historic markets are currently unsafe. Each of them faces serious challenges in terms of problems, type of building and antiquity, and if their situation is not addressed as soon as possible, a small spark can cause irreparable events in these historical contexts of several hundred years.

Neighbor chicken goose

The victims of fires are not only historical monuments in Iran, but over the past decades, many historical monuments and sites in the world have been the prey of fires. For example Church of Notre Dame Less than a month before the fire in Tabriz Bazaar caught fire . But the difference between the two was the attention and value they paid to Notre Dame, and after the fire, from celebrities to ordinary people in Iran and other countries, by publishing souvenir photos of this historic church, which is also on the World Heritage List. Recorded,’s income from their institution, and even large French investors who owed arrears to the government, announced with astronomical costs that they intend to pay part of the reconstruction costs.

Was the fire that fell on the old bazaar of Qom not enough?

The news of the fire of a historical monument in Qom was published again in the summer of 1998. The fire in the wood warehouse and logging of the old bazaar of Qom in the caravanserai and mullah section of this bazaar caused damage to this historical section which has also been nationally registered.

Firefighters extinguished the fire after 3 hours and staining began. Meanwhile, municipal forces demolished the royal porch of Mullah Hussein Caravanserai with a loader to prevent the fire from being hidden under the sticks so that they could find sticks. Which was likely to burn in the fire and be thrown into the pit next to the caravanserai.

The pictures that were published from this incident show, as in similar examples of fires in the Sari Grand Mosque, Tabriz Bazaar or Hassan Abad Square The historical bodies were damaged, the Mullah Hossein Palace in the old bazaar of Qom was not damaged, so it seems that they had to complete the damage themselves.

At this point, the comments showed that the Office for the Preservation and Restoration of Historic Buildings, Textures and Sites should be more serious in identifying the dangers that threaten the country’s historic buildings, while two years later Since then, fire has repeatedly threatened the lives of historic buildings.

Tehran Bazaar, a time bomb

In the fifth session of the series of talks on “Cultural Heritage and Urban Development” held in August 1998 on “Management of the historical context of Tehran”, the historical market of Tehran and the damage that this market has faced from previous years to today Is examined.

In this meeting, Tehran Bazaar was compared to a time bomb at any moment and at any time, and also the experts present wanted to do something for Tehran Bazaar forever and for the reward of this world and the hereafter.

On the other hand, some experts present at the meeting believed that due to the events of Tehran, this city and its historical context is moving in a steep slope and towards many mistakes. One of the urban planning experts even first shouted for the cultural heritage to pay attention to the condition of the historical monuments, and on the other hand, he said: “In the current situation of the historical monuments, the Cultural Heritage Organization has the only solution at its disposal is to kill itself.”

How do you measure the value and antiquity of a building?

The mansion of Normehal, or the house of the Americans, was built in the early Pahlavi period. November 17, 2006 has been registered in the list of national monuments of the country.

The American House, which is located at the end of Hamedan Flight Park, is more than 100 years old. Although little is known about the use of this monument in different eras, it is said that it was first used as a place for American doctors. Is located.

In 1997, while Hamedan and the officials of cultural heritage, tourism and urban management of Hamedan were preparing for the celebration of Hamedan 2018, a permit was issued to build a twin tower in the area of ​​the “Americans” historical monument and its first steps were taken. .

But despite the governor’s order to stop the construction, the excavation in Normehal garden began with the cutting of a tree in this garden, and it seems that the owner of the building is determined to reach a result in this regard.

Six months have passed since the first warnings were issued about the condition of the historic Nur Mahal mansion, and talks, meetings, and appointments were made by the Relief Committee as the owner, mayor, and cultural heritage of Hamedan. Prevent the construction of twin towers a few meters from the Normahhal mansion, which was accompanied by a large excavation, until the municipality and the city council of Hamedan rejected the allocation of land in exchange for the relief committee.

The words and hadiths predicted for the start of the excavation work in a few steps of Noor Mahal, Hamedan, were finally implemented and an excavator injured the ground of this historical mansion on the morning of Wednesday, May 7, 2009.

This was while the head of the Islamic Council of Hamedan announced that the council alone can not stop the project in Noor Mahal area.

The Director General of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism of Hamedan Province said about the damage to cultural heritage in the first half of 1998: “Construction in the area of ​​Normal Mahal will not be damaged, although it would have been better not to do so to maintain integrity.”

The director general of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee (RA) of Hamedan also said about the damages to the cultural heritage in the first half of 1998: Nur Mahal mansion is not so historical and cultural and at one time this place was a gathering place for addicts.

Two historic houses that remained unknown

The story began when two elderly women found the old school where they were studying on Lalehzar Street about 20 years ago. But before that, no one knew about this Qajar school and this place was a warehouse for many years.

In 1998, according to the people of the neighborhood, after evacuating the building, they intended to demolish it. This historical monument, which was also recorded in the map of Abdul Ghaffar, which is one of the most important urban sources of the Qajars, remained so unknown that it was not even registered nationally.

There is also another old and valuable house near this building which belonged to one of the doctors of the Pahlavi period. Both buildings have extremely beautiful and prominent entrances, some of which you may have seen in postcards printed during different periods in Tehran.

Unfortunately, there are still many historical and valuable buildings in Iran that no one knows about, and a fate like this Qajar school awaits them. It is hoped that the cultural heritage will make more efforts to preserve these works with the help of other trustees.

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