ISNA / According to the latest published news, new angles of Neanderthal life were discovered in Kermanshah.
Dr. Saman Heidari Goran, the head of the fourth season of excavation in the cave and rock shelter complex of Baveh Yuan in Kermanshah, referring to the completion of the fourth season of excavation in the cave and rock shelter of Baveh Yuan in Kermanshah, said: And lasted for 23 days.
Regarding the discovery of new aspects of Neanderthal life in Kermanshah, he added: “This chapter of the excavation was done to determine the area and privacy of the ancient site of Bawe Yuan, because during the last 10 years, some construction activities have caused a lot of damage to this area.” Has entered.
This Kermanshahi archaeologist stated: In this chapter of excavating the cave and rock shelter complex of Baveh Yuan, we created about 12 geological boreholes in a significant radius of the area, which brought good results.
He said that in this chapter, about two thousand pieces of stone tools from different layers were discovered during the excavation of the ancient site of Bawe Yuan, adding: during the first three seasons of the excavations, about 10 thousand and 600 pieces of stone tools and bones were discovered. Was. Regarding the achievements of recent excavations in the Bawe Yuan cave and rock shelter complex, Heidari Goran said: “Bawe Yuan research draws new horizons in relation to Neanderthal human life and I dare say that the site Bawe Yuan could in the future serve as a reference area in the Zagros Mountains, the Iranian plateau and even the Middle East.
He said that some of the discoveries made in the fourth chapter of the excavation are very clear and important, he said: We will not publish and the results will be announced in general.
The Paleolithic archaeologist continued: “At this stage of the excavations, deeper studies were carried out on the ancient site of Bawe Yuan, and other angles were found from the settlement of Neanderthals in this area and Kermanshah, which required expert work and studies.” Has. “In the fourth chapter, we got information from Neanderthal human communities and it turned out that we are facing a vast natural range in Bao Yuan, which is like a natural fence that humans, especially Neanderthals, lived inside,” he said. The condition of this fence is such that one side of it is a natural rock wall of about 50 meters, and apparently in ancient times, large rocks separated from this wall and fell into the slope, forming a natural fence. Due to the fact that this wall has some foreheads, the rocks that were separated from the wall were thrown a little further forward after hitting the forehead of the wall, and the other rocks fell down on the side without collision, which is a natural semicircular yard. Has formed. Heidari Goran, stating that this natural yard was a place for humans to live for a long time, added: “We are sure that at least 70 to 75 thousand years ago, this area and the plain of Kermanshah was a place for humans to live.” When Neanderthal human teeth were found in this area, we found that it was one of the last generation of Neanderthals and lived in this area about 42 to 43 thousand years ago.
He continued: “From about one to two thousand years before the extinction of Neanderthals, we are witnessing the settlement of modern humans in this region, which has continued until about 13 thousand and 400 years ago. So we are sure that Neolithic communities also used this area, because there is evidence of them, and probably later human settlement was moved from this area to the side of the road that is next to the site, which is now in the form of an ancient hill and need Is to be studied and explored.
This archaeologist informed about the possibility of a collision between Neanderthals and modern humans in this region and said: I am sure Kermanshah will be transformed by Neanderthals; Extinct human communities that have lived in Eurasia for more than 350,000 years have played a role and the last generation of these communities lived in Kermanshah and this is our most important achievement from exploring Bao Yuan.
He continued: “According to our studies, modern humans have lived in Kermanshah since about 41,000 years ago, that is, at the same time as the Neanderthals, so based on the information we have, we believe that in this period, probably in Kermanshah.” They have seen each other.
Heidari Goran noted: “If this has happened and on the other hand we consider that science has proven that the modern human genome in today’s societies carries about 1.5 to four percent of the Neanderthal human gene, then Kermanshah should During this conflict, they played a role and the two were related in Kermanshah and had children. Emphasizing that the continuation of studies in this field can lead to results that will be well reflected, he said: “If we can follow the fifth chapter of the excavations in June 1401, we will collect more evidence and try to do some Expand our explorations. In another part of his speech, the supervisor of the fourth season of excavation in the cave and rock shelter complex of Baveh Yuan in Kermanshah said that the project of transition from Middle Paleolithic to modern is expanding: “Fortunately, many students have joined this project so far.” The most extensive and concentrated Iranian Paleolithic research is currently taking place in Kermanshah, and this claim can be fully substantiated. Heidari Goran stated: “Currently, four master’s degree students and one doctoral student have submitted their dissertations on the subject of Bao Yuan, and in the fourth chapter, at our request, we ask the cultural heritage of these students to do their studies.” Were present. Hepari Goran added: “Currently, other archeological groups are working in Arak, Semnan and Jashteh and Garaghteh in Fars, but with the cooperation of cultural heritage and my colleagues, the” Human Origin in Iran “project in Kermanshah has a very good form and framework.” It has taken over and attracted interested and active students. We hope that with the completion of their dissertations, Kermanshah will be introduced to the world in a better way than it is and will be a model for other provinces.
He said that during the last two years, four articles have been published in prestigious international magazines and publications about Kermanshah and one book is being published. .
The archaeologist added: “During our research in Kermanshah in the past years, about 260 caves and rock shelters were discovered, and later, with the analysis that was done, we found out that the valley” Navon Daroon “is a cave and rock shelter.” It is the best place to explore, which was done in good cooperation with the cultural heritage.
70% demolition of Bawe Yuan area
“We are all to blame for this incident and we should not blame anyone else.”
Heidari Goran added: “In 1398, for the first time, we officially visited this area with our team, where it was observed that the number one optical fiber has passed through it and has destroyed about 30% of the area.
Emphasizing that the executive bodies should inquire about cultural heritage for their development activities, he said: If a development project is to be implemented, like all countries in the world, a work plan should be given to cultural heritage and they should inquire that There should be no ancient site in its path, but this will not happen in Kermanshah, and this is what will happen to Bawe Yuan.
The Kermanshahi archaeologist noted: “After our visit to this site in the late eighties and the discovery of ancient data such as bones and stone tools, I reported it in a letter to the Cultural Heritage Organization, but from The letter was archived because the volume of archeological sites in the country is large and the Cultural Heritage Organization and the research institute cannot control all of them.
“In my opinion, the task of informing about the need to protect cultural heritage is not only the responsibility of cultural heritage and should be included in the radio and television, media, schools and universities, but unfortunately a kind of carelessness,” he said. And there is carelessness in all of us. Heidari Goran continued: “In 2016, I applied to the Cultural Heritage Research Institute to explore this area, and the excavation was carried out, and we publicly and officially announced that this is an ancient and important site and has accurate and correct data.” At that time, the construction of the new Kermanshah-Kamyaran road had started downstream of the compound and heavy vehicles were working, so due to my concerns, I talked to the road construction engineers and they assured me that they would not damage the site and In this regard, we also had correspondence with the organization that Bawe Yuan is an important area that should be protected.
He said: “In 1396, we went to the site for the next season of excavation, which did not face any new problems, and we did our excavations, and during these excavations, we discovered the remains of Neanderthal humans there and did some documentation.”
This Kermanshahi archaeologist added: “Next year, we came to the site for the third season of excavation, but unfortunately we found out that the second fiber optic was passed by another organ and caused a lot of damage to the site, and a narrow strip of data.” Ancient was left by the rock. However, the road construction did not damage the site.
“The fourth chapter of this excavation was carried out in order to determine the area and privacy to prevent the invasion of this area,” he said: “We hope that after determining the area and privacy of the area, we will not see its destruction by any organ.”