Cappadocia is a fascinating area of volcanic rock that looks like This part of Cappadocia is one of the most popular tourist attractions created by legendary personalities and is always at the top of the list Turkish tourist attractions . The cliffs and peaks of this unique region are the site of wavy rocks or small peaks with unusual shapes that have been formed by wind and water flow over a thousand years. Humans have inhabited one of Cappadocia’s most famous landmarks since the Byzantine era and have made their mark on this amazing land by touching volcanic rocks to survive. Indeed, the famous sights of Cappadocia are interesting for fans.
Cappadocia’s most famous attractions are the villages carved into the hills; Byzantine churches with splendid murals carved into the rocks and winding underground cities in which early Christians hid to escape the onslaught of their enemies. Cappadocia Cappadocia is a magical and wonderful land where nature lovers and history lovers will enjoy spending time. If you want to know the most popular tourist attractions of Cappadocia, read this interesting and readable article.
Goreme National Park Goreme National Park is located in central Turkey, just outside the village of Göreme Göreme. And is recognized as part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. This area is one of the most famous sights of Cappadocia and due to the strange shapes of rocks, chimneys, cones and natural columns that have formed in a volcanic area, the title Göreme Open-Air Museum . The collection of churches carved into the cliffs and monks’ cells, which have amazing frescoes dating back to the tenth to twelfth centuries; That is, when Cappadocia was an important religious center of the Byzantine era.
Most of Cappadocia’s most famous landmarks are created by natural erosion, but human hands also played a role. In the early fourth century AD, Christian monks fled to the area to escape condemnation by the Romans. They carved their amazing residences and monasteries inside the strange rocks of this region. Today, some of these buildings still play the role of people’s residences, while others have officially become hotels. Visitors can experience a unique stay of one of Cappadocia’s most famous attractions.
There are several churches and shrines in the area, but the most important is the Elmali Kilise apple church with the painting of the Ascension on it and the Aziz Barbara Sapeli shrine with its red interior decoration, the Yilanli Church church with murals. From St. George and St. Onofrius the Magnificent, the dark Karanlik Kilise Church with its magnificent frescoes and a cave-like church called the Tokali Kilise Hooked Church with amazing murals.
The village of Göreme is very beautiful and ideal for photography. This part of Cappadocia’s famous landmarks is carved into the hills of the region, and the stone facade of its houses hides a spiral of cave-shaped rooms inside. The eye-catching mural church of El Nazar Kilise and the hidden church of Sakli Kilise are both located in the Qadisi Museum on the way to the Gorme Outdoor Museum. This part of Cappadocia is one of the most popular tourist attractions for those who plan to hike or climb in this area, because the main valleys that branch off from the village, a range of paths leading to They offer strange ancient rocks to visitors.
One of the best ways to visit Goreme National Park and see the Cappadocia Rocky Area is to take a balloon ride and see the most famous Cappadocia attractions from above. Morning ballooning is the most important and interesting part of the trip for many tourists. During the busy seasons of the year, sometimes more than a hundred balloons float in the sky just after sunrise, showing you the view of the amazing valleys and cliffs from above. Ballooning takes about an hour and is possible all year round.
There are several travel agencies that offer different tours and in these tours you will be taken to this part of Cappadocia’s famous sights early in the morning to watch the sunrise. All tours include transporting you to and from the hotel and back to your accommodation.
The underground cities of Cappadocia were first carved in the Bronze Age and are best known for their Byzantine history; When Christians in the area chose to live underground to escape the Arab and Persian invaders invading the area. Kaymakli Underground City Kaymakli is one of the largest examples of Cappadocia underground cities with nestled rooms connected by a tunnel. Of course, visitors can only visit the four floors of the city. Going into this part of Cappadocia is one of the most famous attractions and stepping into your network through its tunnels is a wonderful experience. However, those who have a phobia of staying indoors should be very careful, as some tunnels are very narrow.
Despite the cliffs and cave-shaped lodges, a stroll through the Zelve Open-Air Museum is a unique experience of stepping into Cappadocia’s past. The complex was formed as a monastery from the ninth century AD and was a lively and passionate village until the twentieth century. However, in 1952 the village was abandoned due to erosion and the danger of rocks falling. The entire village and surrounding area is now a museum, known as the Zelve Open-Air Museum.
There are several interesting places of worship in this part of Cappadocia; انگzümlü Kilise is the healthiest church in the complex and a beautiful and eye-catching church carved into the rocks. However, the main pleasure of visiting this area is exploring the paths along the cliffs, watching the black interiors of the cave-shaped residences and gazing at the stunning views around.
Derinkuyu is Cappadocia’s deepest underground refuge and, like Kaymakli Underground, was used to escape Christians from enemy invasion. The tunnels of these two cities are sometimes very narrow, because they have gone deeper and deeper, and this is not tolerable for those who have a phobia of staying indoors. In this nested network, there is a cave-shaped shrine and many residential and warehouse-shaped places that you can visit.
You can also see the 55-meter air conditioning system used by the residents of the underground city of Derinkuyu. The underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli are close to each other; So you can visit both of them on a tour. However, if you only have time to visit one of Cappadocia’s most popular tourist attractions, the underground city of Derinkuyu is lesser known and you can explore it without disturbing it.
The most beautiful valleys of Cappadocia are located between the villages of Göreme and Çavusin. In Red Valley Stuck rocks They have parallel patterns in pink, yellow and orange, formed by volcanic eruptions and thousands of years of erosion by water and wind. They are nestled between cliffs, lush gardens and vegetable farms maintained by locals and ranchers. Inside the cliffs of this part of Cappadocia’s famous landmarks are carved churches and hidden hideouts dating back to the Byzantine period.
There are more than a dozen hiking and climbing trails in the area; So you have an ideal opportunity to use your hiking and mountaineering shoes and walk these paths. Three important attractions دره رز Rose Valley The colonnaded church of Kolonlu Kilise, the Haçli Kilise Cross Church with a huge cross carved into the roof of the cave hall, and the Uç Haçli Kilise Three-Cross Church with amazing carvings on the roof and frescoes are interesting.
The lush and narrow Ihlara Valley is located at a depth of 100 meters in the southwest of Cappadocia and is a great destination for nature lovers. Surrounded by steep cliffs, the Ihlara Valley is a lush paradise of tall trees and farmland along the Melendiz River; The river that flows from the village of Ihlara to the village of Selime. In Byzantine times, the valley was a popular destination for monks; The same monks who dug the church complexes and monasteries inside the rocks of this area.
The fragrant Kokar Kilise Church, Yilanli Kilise Snake Church and St. George Kirk Dam Alti Kilise Church are three of the best and most spectacular buildings in the area. However, there are countless other churches and monasteries that you can see along the way. In the village of Selime, Monastery Very spectacular And is worth a visit.
The main tourist attractions in the village of Çavusin are two beautiful and lovely Byzantine churches. Near the entrance to the village is the Çavusin Church; The church is also known as the Big Pigeon House Church because it was used as a pigeon house in the early 20th century. This part of Cappadocia’s most popular tourist attractions has stunning interiors and stunning murals. In the old center of the village, after passing through the houses and going uphill, St. John the Baptist Church of St. Is John the Baptist. It is said that this part of Cappadocia is one of the most famous sights of the oldest church and its wide columns are really spectacular.
The Soganli Twin Valleys have pyramidal rocks that were first discovered in Roman times. By the time the Byzantine period was in full swing, Soganli had become a major monastic center, with rocks carved into monks’ shrines and residences. Karabas Kilise Black Hat Church, Yilanli Kilise Snake Church and Sakli Kilise Secret Church are some of the churches whose murals have been preserved and can be visited. This part of Cappadocia is one of the most famous attractions because of its wonderful road, which is decorated with tranquil villages and interesting historical complexes, it is a great place for a day trip.
The mushroom-shaped cliffs of the Pasabag Valley are known as one of Cappadocia’s most popular tourist attractions. In the early Byzantine period, a religious community that followers of St. Simon St. They were Simeons, devoting their lives in this area to their religious teachings. Of course, instead of living on a pillar, they built their own living cells on top of these rocks to engage in constant worship and prayer. One of these accommodation cells can be visited and tourists can visit it. During your trip to Turkey, you can easily combine your visit to the Pasabag Valley with a visit to the Zelve Open-Air Museum, as these two spectacular sites are only two kilometers apart.
The village of Uçhisar has a huge castle dug out of rocks and rocks with a spiral of tunnels and caves inside. This place, like the underground cities of the region, protected the villagers from the invasion of their enemies during the Roman and Byzantine periods. You can go to the highest point of the castle and from there you can see the panoramic views of the beautiful valleys that surround the village. Uçhisar Village Uçhisar is also a great starting point for exploring the valley; Especially the paths inside the Pigeon Valley and the White Valley take you to here.
Avanos Avanos is a lively city located on the banks of the Kizilirmak River. The older part of the city rises to the top of a hill in a spiral of cobbled streets lined with Ottoman-era mansions. Avanos’s main tourist attraction is its pottery industry. The city has a rich history of pottery dating back to the Hittite era, and now, as in the past, local artists use the amazing red flowers of the Kizilirmak River to make their pottery.
Pottery workshops and pottery shops are located along the main street of the city center and along the river, and many owners of these workshops and shops allow you to see how they work or even do it yourself. Make art. The Guray Ceramic Museum has been opened to celebrate the city’s pottery heritage with an extraordinary collection of pottery and ceramics from all over Turkey. The museum is also worth a visit because of its location, as a series of caves have been excavated under the Guray Pottery Workshop.
Eski Gümüsler Monastery is located ten kilometers northeast of Nigde. Carved into a rock, this cathedral has amazing murals that compete with the murals of the more famous churches near Göreme. The paintings date back to the 11th century and include the Annunciation, the Virgin Mary and the baby Jesus. Your collection in the tunnels of this part of Cappadocia’s most famous attractions is as interesting as its murals. These tunnels have recently been rebuilt and opened to the public.
Most visitors only see Kayseri when they arrive at or from the airport for a return flight. This bustling and vibrant city has some interesting monuments from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods that can be good places to spend time and visit. The Old Town is located right in the center of Kayseri, nestled between modern shops and busy streets. Çifte Medrese was one of the first medical schools in the world and now houses the Museum of Seljuk Civilization; A museum with a wonderful collection of works of art.
The Kayseri Archaeological Museum is also worth a visit and an exhibition of Hittite artifacts. When you are in Kayseri, wherever you are in the city, you will see Mount Erciyes, which is located above the city. The city is very close to this mountain and a short drive away. Right in the southeast is the Seljuk Caravanserai of Sultanhani, which can be a good stop and visit.
Haji Bektash Hacibektas is a pilgrimage center for the followers of the Bektashi dervishes, founded by the Iranian Sufi philosopher and Sufi Haji Bektas Veli. The museum of this center is a place for worship and worship of God and the tomb of Haji Bektas Veli and several very interesting exhibitions about faith and belief are located in it. On the road between the cities of Nevsehir and Hacibektas, the village of Gulsehir is located, which has two very interesting tourist attractions.
The Açik Saray Rock Monastery, probably used by monks in the 6th and 7th centuries AD, and several interesting cave-shaped rooms are located in this part of Cappadocia’s famous landmarks. Slightly down the road, the thirteenth-century church of St. John. Located in Jean Church, it has few visitors despite its wonderful interior, which is covered with colorful murals.
does not have many tourist attractions; But it is a popular spot for visitors because of its excellent boutique hotels and restaurants. The Seljuk carvings at the Karamanoglu Mosque and the Alti Kapi Türbesi are very spectacular. The part of the old city, which is far from the city center and is spread on the hills, has old stone houses of the Ottoman period, many of which have been well renovated and turned into hotel boutiques. Nearby is the small village of Mustafa Pasha, where until the population exchange between Turkey and Greece in 1923, a community of Greeks and Turks lived together.
Many of the old stone houses on the cobbled, quiet streets of this part of Cappadocia’s famous landmarks belong to the Greeks. Agios Konstantinos-Eleni Church is located right in the center of the village; The twelfth-century Ayios Vasilios Church is perched on a hillside next to the village.
Ballooning is so enjoyable and memorable that it encompasses all the glory of traveling to this region; But other activities can be done in this area to help you see the best views of the scenic valleys. Horse riding is especially popular in the Red and Rose valleys. But due to the rocky and rugged route, most equestrian routes are more suitable for experienced riders than novice riders. All the valleys have hill-climbing paths that wind between the strange cliffs; Routes that take between a few hours and a day. Also, many local tours rent bicycles for tourists to explore this part of Cappadocia’s most famous attractions by bicycle.
All the villages of the center have different places of residence and each of them has its own unique atmosphere. But the three main places to stay are Göreme, grgüp and Uçhisar. Göreme is located right in the center of the area and has the largest variety of small hotel boutiques and guesthouses. Orgup çrgüp and Uçhisar focus more on luxury accommodation and luxury hotels.
Luxury and expensive hotels
Sota Cappadocia Hotel Sota Cappadocia is one of Ürgüp boutique hotels, known for its excellent personal services and stylish and modern cave-shaped décor. Breakfast is complimentary for guests staying at the hotel, with panoramic views from various terraces. The Hezen Cave Hotel in Ortahisar Overlooks the village castle and has cave-shaped rooms, excellent service and a wonderful free breakfast.
The Kelebek Special Cave Hotel in Göreme has cave-shaped, stone-carved rooms that offer a variety of fees and great views of the village from its terraces. Facilities at the hotel include a swimming pool and Turkish bath, and breakfast is free for guests. Also at Göreme G Ereme, the Erenbey Cave Hotel has a wide variety of cave-shaped, stone-carved rooms with a very friendly atmosphere and breakfast is provided free of charge.
Kismet Cave House Kismet Cave House has cozy rooms carved in stone, decorated with Turkish carpets and traditional tiles. This small hotel is located right in the heart of the village of Göreme and breakfast is completely free for guests.
If you do not have enough time to go sightseeing in person and you want to summarize the visit of several important tourist attractions of this part of Turkey in one day, Cappadocia tours are the best choice. A full day tour will take you to visit Cappadocia’s most popular tourist attractions; These include the Göreme Open-Air Museum, Çavusin Village, Pasabag, Avanos Pottery City, Uçhisar Village and Kaymakli Underground City. The cost of the return trip, the entrance to the museums and the underground city and your lunch are included in the cost of the tour. The public transportation system is excellent and there are important villages and sights. This makes it very easy to explore this area.
Summer is the busiest and busiest season; But spring with wild flowers and autumn with various colors of its valleys after the summer dust is washed away by the rain, offer the best views for photographers and nature lovers and are much more secluded and relaxing.