The peak period of Iranian medicine was between the fourth and ninth centuries AD, during which people like Zakaria Razi and Abu Ali Sina lived. One of the sights of the capital of Iran that is able to acquaint you with the history of medicine in our country, National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran is. Join us in this article to know where the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran is and to get acquainted with the working hours of the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran.
Museum of Medical Sciences in an area of 9000 square meters and was built by order of Amir Kabir. This museum was registered in the list of national monuments of Iran in July 1999 and started its activities in 2001 in order to present a complete and comprehensive history of ancient medicine and modern medicine in Iran and to introduce its place in the medical world. The works and objects on display in this museum contain tangible findings from prehistoric times and contemporary medical instruments.
According to the article of the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran, where is this museum? Cultural objects of the Cultural Heritage Organization, the temporary exhibition of Professor Yahya Adl, the temporary exhibition of Dr. Mohammad Gharib, the temporary exhibition of Dr. Shams Shariat Torbeghan, the temporary exhibition of Professor Majid Samiei have been formed.
According to the article “Where is the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran?” The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul remained in the body after human death, but the ancient Iranians did not allow this. Natural mummies have been discovered in some parts of Iran. The mummy we are looking at belongs to a 65-year-old woman who lived about 900 years ago. This mummy was discovered around Yazd.
Modern medicine completely rejects surgery without equipment and chemical drugs. However, surgery performed by a doctor with strange precision and skill about 5,000 years ago is an example of a violation of this theory. One of the same examples of violations in Burned City happened; Skull surgery A girl with hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid inside the skull) was about 13 years old. Recent research on this skull shows that the skull was fully recovered and that the cause of death was something else.
Humans have always tried to protect themselves from disease. In the modern age, some people still believe in traditional methods of using nature, herbs and lifestyle changes. The ancient Iranians believed that health was the first priority of life and they always wished for health in prayers and supplications. Ancient and traditional Iranian medicine has always been based on two pillars: first, the mind and beliefs that must be positive, and in this way, prayer and self-cultivation were used, and second, the use of traditional medicine, which is also widely mentioned in historical texts. Some of them are better than new treatments.
The growth and development of medical science in Iran dates back to after Islam, that is, the time of Mohammad bin Zakaria Razi. By studying the history of medical sciences, we find that the people of Persia, in addition to translating texts from Greek and Syriac into Persian, using thought and thought, made significant progress in medicine and other sciences of that era. One of the most important works of Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi was the book Al-Hawi, which was written in the late third and early fourth centuries. In addition to this magnificent book, there are other famous books, one of which was Al-Mansouri or Al-Mansouri Medicine and was almost the most detailed medical book of its time. This book is smaller than Al-Hawi’s book and is one of the top 10 books in the Museum of Medical Sciences.
Highlights of the museum include medical records and old manuscripts from this fascinating place, often dating back to modern times. Relevant documents include some documents that include health warnings, medical documents related to the Public Health Department. The most important and special pavilion of this section, to Mirza Aristotle Khan, who in the years 1915 to 1919 in Daralfonoun studied, related.
In the Achaemenid and Median eras, clerics had a special place among the people and only they learned veterinary science, because these sciences were other than religion. In ancient times, anthrax, severe energy, intestinal worms, bovine plague, acute middle ear swelling, and a variety of other diseases that at that time caused animal disease and mortality, along with the best veterinary practices. These included breaking the limbs of the animal, taking blood from the animal, operating and removing the udder and tumors, heating, shaving the hoof, correcting the horseshoe, and shaving and repairing the limbs. If they caused the death or disability of the animal due to lack of skills, lack of knowledge and negligence at work, they had to pay compensation.
The horse has long been very efficient and essential for humans, and this raises attention to important issues related to it, including, training and training the horse, knowing the limbs and physical condition of the horse, estimating age Horses from the teeth as well as the color of the horses. One of the most long-standing documents that shines in the veterinary booth is a painting of the anatomy of a horse, which was drawn about 500 years ago. This image, which you can see during the working hours of the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran, although rejected in terms of veterinary science, is very valuable in terms of art, culture and history.
A pavilion of the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran is related to dentistry, where medical instruments, including Dr. Mosafa, Dr. Akhlaghi, Dr. Yazdi, Dr. Taherzadeh, Dr. Mosafa, Dr. Nawab, and Dr. Sadrameli can be seen. . The history of dentistry in Iran goes back to a very distant past, when dental tools were very limited and simple. This science has made significant progress since about the thirteenth century AH and has become as we see it today. Dentistry and dentistry, like medicine and pharmacy, did not have any special rules and this situation was the same until 1290 AH. This situation was such that they used foreign dentists for the patients of the aristocracy and the rich people, and they used very common and painful methods to treat the disease of the weak cortex.
This was done by hairdressers, apprentices of goldsmiths and perfumers. This was the situation until 1290 AH, when the Ministry of Education required those who were engaged in this work to study and obtain an official and professional degree and license in dentistry and dentistry. In 1297, a number of European physicians, including Dr. Stepanian of Turkey and Dr. Milcharski of Poland, were hired by the Department of Health to teach the basics of the dental profession. The mouth as well as the teeth. Dr. Loghman al-Dawla Adham, the head of the medical school at the time, made Dr. Mohsen Sayyah responsible for teaching these issues.
One of the pharmacies in Iran, which was built by Hadi Khan, the time brigadier general, for use in battlefields, It was a military pharmacy where, according to the documents obtained, all the supplies were purchased directly or indirectly from Austria. After the death of Brigadier General Hadi Khan, his nephew took over the entire pharmacy. Some time later, in 1319, which coincided with the death of Abdul Hussein Khan, his son Dr. Amir Houshang Nezami, who was one of the most knowledgeable pharmacists and professor at the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Tehran, took over the important responsibility of the military pharmacy.
Dr. Amir Houshang Nezami closed the Nezami Pharmacy in 1988, and after the death of this prominent and valuable Iranian physician in 1992, he was transferred to the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tehran. Following the follow-up of Dr. Zarrin Dokht Sharghi in 1381 AH, a military pharmacy with all the tools and documents left was donated to the Museum of the History of Medical Sciences. In 2003, with the help and expense of Dr. Zarrin Dokht Sharghi and the cooperation of the museum officials, as well as using old photographs, this museum was completely renovated and was visited by the public on the 12th of September of the same year.
Among the tools and equipments that are in the museum for public viewing, you can find a trowel machine, an extractor machine, a pharmacy scale, a glass filling machine, a syrup making machine, a filter machine, a special mixer, a porcelain mortar, and a machine. Distillation, old stereotypes used in pharmacies Laboratory containers, presses for making cups, albumin meter, tablet molds, calibrated glass syringes, fire extinguishers, alcohol lamps, manual suction, double-walled containers for indirect heating, suppository molds And pointed the pill.
Address of the Museum of Medical Sciences: North Kargar St., 16th St., entrance to the door of the North Campus of the University of Tehran
Telephone of the Museum of Medical Sciences: 88632857
Working hours of the National Museum of the History of Medical Sciences of Iran: Saturday to Wednesday 8 am to 3 pm
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