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Hasanlu ancient hill; A treasure trove of 6,000-year-old Iranian civilization

Hasanlu Naghadeh Hill , is one of the ancient hills of Iran that dates back to more than 6 thousand years BC. The ancient hill of Hasanlu, with an area of ​​30 hectares and a height of 20 meters, is located next to the village of Hasanlu, and the great golden cup of Hasanlu, which belongs to the Mani period, was also discovered in this place. Join us in this fascinating and readable article to know where Hasanlu Hill is and get acquainted with its wonders.

The village of Hasanlu is surrounded by dozens of others like a jewel, and many ancient hills surround the ancient hill of Hasanlu. The existence of other ancient hills indicates that the tribes living in Hasanlu hill were from the same tribe and had trade and relations with the tribes living in the surrounding hills. The early inhabitants of the ancient hill of Hasanlu were probably the Menai people who left a glorious civilization. In 1336, the scientific and specialized excavation of the ancient hill of Hasanlu was started by the joint Iranian-American excavation team, and in this excavation, a fort came out of the ground, which according to archaeologists belongs to the Manna people. The walls of this building, its houses and temples are made of stone foundations and on top of them, large bricks with a length of 40, a width of 23 and a thickness of 14 cm have been used. In the excavated part of this ancient hill, the ruins of a city or fortress can be seen, which are composed of two main parts.

According to the article, “Where is Hasanlu Hill?” In the center of Hasanlu Fortress, an irregular polygon courtyard has been built and all around this courtyard are pillared halls, long porches and small and large rooms. At the southern end of the courtyard is the altar, and at the northern end are several stone slabs three meters high.

According to the article, “Where is Hasanlu Hill?” These objects include bone and stone objects, silver objects, pottery objects, bronze objects and gold objects.

Hasanlu Gold Cup was discovered in the summer of 1985 by Robert Dyson. This integrated gold cup is twenty centimeters high and twenty centimeters in diameter. This discovery is one of the most important scientific discoveries in the history of archeology of Iran and the world and one of the rarest historical, religious and artistic works of the ancient world. Hasanlu Golden Cup was discovered in one of the burnt rooms of Hasanlu Hill in Naghadeh in 1338, and the role of three gods on a chariot can be seen on it; The god of water, the god of the earth and the god of the sun. This cup is currently in National Museum of Iran is kept. This cup is quite stunning, because it is too busy and lacks a luxurious composition. Its appeal is more in the life force of small and large roles and all roles are limited by a belt at the top and a belt at the bottom.

According to the archeological data of the West Azerbaijan Cultural Heritage Organization, the ancient hill of Hasanlu was inhabited in ten periods.

– The tenth period, which is considered to be the oldest period of habitation of the ancient hill of Hasanlu, is related to the sixth to third millennium and includes periods when Hasanlu hill was not much attention. From the ninth period on Hasanlu Naghadeh hill, that is, during the occurrence of a large fire, to the sixth period, construction works have been obtained that indicate the residence of people.

– Gray pottery has been obtained from the fifth period in the ancient hill of Hasanlu and the existence of brick and mud buildings is one of the characteristics of the fifth period.

– In the fourth period, there was a very brilliant civilization in Hasanlu and its buildings were made of stone.

– The third period is the period of the Medes and shortly before them. This period also covers half of the Achaemenid period and is divided into two parts A and B. Period A is older than period B.

– The second period coincides with half of the Achaemenid period, all the Parthian period and half of the Sassanid period.

– The first period, which is a very weak layer of Hasanlu Naghadeh hill, includes the late Sassanid period and the early rise of Islam.

From the southeast of the central courtyard of Hasanlu Naghadeh hill, a large hall with several barns has emerged from the ground. Numerous large jars have been found in this hall, and in the south of the central courtyard, a building unit has been built, including several rooms and halls. The second temple, which includes a columned hall, is part of this building unit. At a distance of 3.5 meters from the entrance on the north side of the hall, there is a platform with sides of 2 × 3 meters and in the middle of the south front of the hall, an altar-like place has been built from which it leads to a small room behind the temple. Inside the temple there is a place to light the sacred fire and in the southwest of the temple, a rectangular stove can be seen.

In the southwest corner is the central courtyard of the third temple or the third columned hall. This building unit is limited from the east to the central courtyard, from the west to the western wall of the castle, from the south to the narrow corridor and from the north to the road that used to be the passage of Hasanlu Fortress. This gate is the only entrance to Hasanlu Fortress from the west. The southwestern building unit, the columnar hall of which is considered to be Hasanlu’s newest columnar hall, has also been constructed in the northwest of the second temple.

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