Architecture is a complex art that has long been of interest to humans. Early humans, due to the way of life of that period, had to choose a shelter to avoid dangers. He made a clever choice and by choosing the caves, he was able to protect himself in a safe haven. Years passed and he gradually learned the knowledge of house building and was able to build his residence as he wished. Over time, he was able to make more changes and create spectacular masterpieces for himself. Iran is an ancient land that is thousands of years old and today is famous for its spectacular architectural masterpieces. Join us in the article of the most amazing engineering structures in Iran to introduce you to some of the most famous engineering structures in Iran. It will definitely be interesting for you to get acquainted with the most beautiful engineering structures in Iran.
Left windshield is located above Dr. Razavi’s house and was built during the Pahlavi era by Sirjani architect Mehdi Shojaei. Underneath the windshield was a storage room for medicines that had to be kept away from heat and dust. After a voyage and paying attention to the coolness of the ship’s rest area, the architect modeled the shape of its chimney to design a special windbreak and was able to design and build one of the most beautiful engineering structures in Iran.
Crete Dam , is a 650-year-old dam made of stone, brick and mortar that is 100 meters high. This narrow dam is considered as one of the narrowest examples in the world. The arch of this case is one of the most famous engineering structures in Iran because of its strength and due to its height until 100 years ago, it was named as the tallest arch dam in the world. To reach this dam, it is necessary to go to Tabas city and enter Dehuk and Birjand roads. After about 45 km and passing the villages of Crete, a side road on the left leads you to the village of Chirok, which is located near the dam.
Shushtar Water Structures A collection of bridges, dams, mills, waterfalls, canals and massive water conduction tunnels They are both connected and work together. This structure was built during the Achaemenid to Sassanid eras so that the inhabitants of the region could use more water. In this case, one of the most amazing engineering structures in Iran, a dam called Gargar , which blocks the river and raises the water level to three tunnels Drilled to be dehydrated. After passing through the tunnels, water enters several canals and after turning the mills, it falls in the form of waterfalls into a pond-like area.
Gaumishan Bridge is located on the border of Lorestan and Ilam provinces and is considered one of the national monuments of Iran. The buffalo was a two-story bridge that allowed animals and humans to cross separately. The length of this bridge is about 175 meters and its width is about 8 meters and 20 centimeters and it has 6 arches. The mouth of the buffalo bridge with a width of more than 50 meters is mentioned as the largest mouth of the bridge in the country. Unfortunately, one of the openings of this bridge was destroyed after the retreat of the Iranian army during the Arab invasion of Iran in order to prevent the enemy from infiltrating. Over time, seasonal floods also damaged some of the most beautiful engineering structures in Iran, and there are signs of restoration from the Safavid and Qajar periods.
Tarneh canal is located in Koukherd; An area where the salt river called Mehran passes from the south and finally flows into the Persian Gulf. However, in the north of this region, the water situation is a little different and the springs in the mountains have refreshing water. The important point is that agricultural lands are often located in the south of the region and need fresh water, while the Mehran salt river is an important obstacle to the transfer of fresh water from north to south. This is where the power of Iranian architects and their intelligence comes into play.
In Sassanid times, to solve this problem, a canal of stone, mortar and mud is constructed that passes fresh water through the Mehran River without any salt water penetrating into it. . The name of Tarneh is chosen for this channel and in the following years, examples of it will be made. The trains were still standing until 50 years ago, but over time they suffered serious damage, and today, the Koukherd trains are considered the healthiest.
One of the famous aqueducts of Iran, The title of the only two-story aqueduct in Iran and the world is famous. The foundation of this case is one of the most amazing engineering structures in Iran related to the Parthian era, but the history of its current structure dates back to 800 years ago. This aqueduct transfers water in two floors without water penetrating from one floor to another. Our two-story aqueduct is located in the desert city of Ardestan and provides the water needed by the residents of our neighborhood with a flow rate of 60 liters per second. This aqueduct is about 4 km long and its main well is 31 meters deep.
One of the most famous engineering structures in Iran, stone cave which is about 5 hectares And is known by other names such as stone crusher, stone crusher and stone crusher. The cave has 12 openings and 100 columns and the excavations in it date back to 350 years ago. This cave was built with tools such as hammers, levers, axes, razors and double saws and there was no news of new tools today. In this case, some of the most beautiful engineering structures in Iran were engaged in stone extraction, and after harvesting each part, they did not cut a part of the stones every few meters to create a supporting column and prevent it from falling.
Hatem Castle Bridge is located in the northwest of Boroujerd, which may not be compared to other historical bridges. The bridge was not the only means of communication between the two sides of the river and the passage of people, and it also carried water from one side of the river to the other through a semi-deep canal. This bridge was built about 200 years ago during the Qajar period to cross the fresh water of a spring called Masha over the Garmabeh River and provide the water needed by the people of this region. Brick, stone and lime mortar are the materials used in building the bridge. Hatem Castle Bridge is 261 meters long, 2.5 meters wide and 14 arches, and the width of the arches is more at the crossing of the water flow and less on both sides.
Minar Janban was a wonderful building and was built on the tomb of Uncle Abdullah, who is one of the famous righteous people of the eighth century AH. Above this, one of the most famous engineering structures in Iran, there are two beautiful minarets, each of which is 17.5 meters high and 9 meters wide. The date of this building is known as 716 AH. The cause of the shaking of the minaret is a phenomenon called aggravation or zeonas. Simply put, the molecules of any body are moving; Some more active and some less lively. It is enough to shake it and apply force to make it lively. By shaking one minaret, the other minaret, which is quite similar to one minaret, also moves, and the force exerted on one minaret spreads throughout the building, causing the whole building to vibrate.
Noshabad Underground City Also known as the underground city of Oi, it is in fact the largest example of slow architecture in the world and a unique example of a military and defense structure built by skilled diggers by digging tunnels in the heart of the earth. The entrances to the city are 120 meters high and only one person can cross it. The city has a dense and nested structure with many corridors in the depths of the ground, which after passing the entrances with a height of 120 meters to the main parts with a height of 180 centimeters. The great thing about this city is that it is located on three floors at a depth of 4 to 18 meters, but you can easily breathe inside it due to its smart structure.