Iran’s religious tourist attractions are both fortune-telling and watching. The positive frequency and good feeling of places like the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani is the first thing that captures hearts by being in this space. This is why most people explore the shrines emotionally and talk less about their sights and tourist attractions.
The shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani, or as Shabd al-Azim is called by the locals, is one of the most memorable places for the people of Rey. Muharram vows, New Year celebrations, Tasua and Ashura delegations, and Eid prayers were ceremonies attended by many residents of the city of Rey and people from other parts of the country and travelers from Tehran, and are shared memories among them. In this article from Alibaba Tourism Magazine you can read more about the history of the shrine, architecture and different parts of this holy place. Content that perhaps no one has paid attention to.
Where is the shrine of King Abdul Azim?
The shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani is located in the city of Rey and can be accessed from three entrances: north, west and south.
When is the best time to visit the shrine of King Abdul Azim?
In the early hours of the day and before the noon call to prayer, the shrine is more secluded than at other times.
How can I access the shrine of King Abdul Azim?
Shahid Dastavareh Boulevard, Shahrari Belt and Shahrari Metro Station are the access routes to the shrine of Shah Abdolazim.
Who are buried in the shrine of King Shah Abdul Azim?
Many Iranian political and religious figures and celebrities are buried in the shrine of King Abdolazim. Imamzadeh Hamzeh and Imamzadeh Taher are two personalities buried in this shrine.
Who is King Abdul Azim?
Abdul Azim Hassani is one of the Shiite scholars whose ancestor four generations ago was Imam Hassan Mojtaba and was born in Medina. There are various accounts of his birth, life and death. Some scholars say that he lived during the time of Imam Reza and Imam Javad and died after offering his faith in Imam Hadi.
But others say that Abdul Azim Hassani was not in the time of Imam Reza and is only contemporary with Imam Javad and Imam Hadi. Another group considers him among the companions of Imam Hassan Asgari. But the common denominator between all of them is the intimacy of this person with the Shiite Imams.
The narrations about his death are also different; Some scholars say that he died a natural death, but others believe that Ahmad ibn Ali Najashi infected him with a certain disease and after that he was buried alive, and they consider him one of the martyrs of Islam.
Abdul Azim Hassani is one of the most important Shiite narrators who recorded many hadiths of the infallibles and passed them on to the next generations. His life coincided with the pressures of the Bani Abbas government against the Shiites, and for this reason he lived secretly for a while among the people of Medina, Baghdad and Samarra.
There are various narrations about the purpose of Abdul Azim Hassani to Ray; One of the narrations says that he emigrated from Samarra to Ray on the orders of Imam Hadi to escape the persecution of the Bani Abbas government. But there are also narrations based on his migration to visit the shrine of Imam Reza. He lived in a crypt in a city, and little by little the Shiites noticed his presence in this area and came to visit him. He lived in this area until his death and was buried there.
The story of the construction of the shrine of Abdul Azim
During the presence of King Abdul Azim in Shahreri, one of the Shiites dreamed of the Prophet. In a dream, he showed the apple tree to a Shiite man and said that one of my descendants would soon die in this city and should be buried under this apple tree. The man found the garden the next day and wanted to buy it from the garden owner. But the owner of the garden had the same dream and intended to dedicate the garden to the Shiites. This garden was the original building of the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani.
The shrine was first overhauled during the reign of al-Buwayh. The main architecture of this building is similar to the style of the Seljuk period, and for this reason, it is possible that the Seljuks also made fundamental changes in the building. The mirrors, scenes and porch of the threshold of the shrine were built during the reign of Shah Tahmasb Safavid and other kings of this dynasty.
Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was also among those who carried out major repairs to the shrine of King Abdul Azim and ordered a golden cover for the dome. The care of the shrine continued until the Pahlavi era and even Reza Shah Pahlavi had built a tomb next to the shrine of Shah Abdolazim Hassani. This building was destroyed by the Islamic Revolution.
Architecture of Abdul Azim Shrine
The architecture of religious buildings is one of the most important reasons that make them one of the tourist attractions of different cities. In most of these buildings, works of Iranian-Islamic architecture and the art of artists of different generations can be seen. The shrine of King Abdul Azim initially consisted of only one courtyard and the main building of the shrine, but was expanded over time.
The main building of the shrine is quadrangular, which has two arched floors and is divided into octagonal on the first floor and hexagonal on the second floor. The dome of the shrine is built on a hexagon. All the interior parts of the shrine are decorated with the art of mirror work. During the Qajar period, Iranian architects took many steps to tile and mirror the shrine. Inlaid and inlaid doors, construction of minarets and repair of the shrine were other architectural changes of the Qajar period.
During the Islamic Revolution, changes were made in the architecture of the shrine; The destruction of Reza Shah’s tomb and the establishment of the seminary, the establishment of the eastern porch and the western and southern naves were among the measures of the contemporary era.
different parts of Abdul Azim shrine
The shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani currently has different parts and in addition to the shrine, it includes a school and seminary, a museum and various pavilions. If you are traveling to Tehran, it is better to make time to visit this religious monument; The combination of architecture of different eras of Iran and the museum and pavilions of this shrine has many sights for tourists and it can be boldly said that from There are also sights of Tehran . Of course, since some tourists enter the shrine of Shabd al-Azim without guidance, they probably do not see many of its sights and only visit the main shrine.
In this part of the article, we have explained about the different parts of the shrine of King Abdul Azim. According to this guide, you can go to the sections that are of interest to you and put these shrines in your list of Tehran tourism.
Domes and minarets of the shrine of King Abdul Azim
The domes and minarets of any religious place are the first part that attract the attention of pilgrims and usually have Iranian-Islamic style architecture. The main dome of the shrine is one of the oldest architectural works that was built during the first reconstruction of the tomb. The structure of the dome was changed to its current form during the reign of Shah Tahmasb Safavid and gold was painted on it by the order of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar. Also, inscriptions of poems and verses of the Quran, such as “Ana Fathna Lak Fatha Mobina” are works that have been recorded on the dome by the order of this Qajar king.
The tall garlands of the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani were also made during the Qajar period. The minarets are among the unique architectural masterpieces of Iranian religious and historical buildings, whose bodies are usually tiled. Tiles in cyan, blue and gold colors with religious inscriptions on the parts. The view of the main dome and small domes next to the tall garlands of the scenes is one of the most relaxing scenes you can watch from the main courtyard of the shrine.
Shrine and chest
During his lifetime, Shah Abdolazim visited the shrine near the crypt of his residence and referred to it as the tomb of Imamzadeh Hamza. He was buried near the same tomb, and after a while two tombs were placed in the same building. Near the shrine, there is an inscription of information about Hamzeh Imamzadeh, which can be seen at the entrance of the northern corridor of Hamzeh Imamzadeh porch.
According to the narrations, before Shah Tahmasb Safavid, the tomb of Shah Abdolazim Hassani did not have a shrine and the first shrine of this The collection is dedicated by Shah Tahmasb. It was a wooden shrine and was placed on the tomb so that pilgrims would not be in direct contact with the coffin. This shrine remained intact until the time of Fath Ali Shah and was not changed.
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But this Qajar king replaced the wooden shrine with a silver shrine. The silver shrine of King Abdul Azim was restored during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah. The shrine now stands on a 35-centimeter marble base, and the upper part is old poems and inscriptions that date back to ancient times.
Wooden chest is one of the most exquisite works in the shrine of Shabad al-Azim. Yahya ibn Muhammad Isfahani has engraved the verses of the Qur’an and the pilgrimage letters on the four sides of the box with a prominent copy and third line. This fund dates back to the patriarchal era.
The Qajar and Safavid kings were the main builders of the scenes and porches of the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani. The most important courtyard of this shrine is the large courtyard of Astana, which is located on the north side and was built by order of Nasser al-Din Shah. Some of the scenes inside the shrine were made by order of Shah Tahmasb Safavid. The tiling and mirror work of the scenes were made during the reconstruction and decoration of the shrine, and most of them date back to the Qajar period.
The scenes in the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani are:
- The ancient courtyard, now known as the courtyard of Imam Hassan Mojtaba, is located on the north side of the shrine.
- The courtyard of the Parrot Garden, now known as the courtyard of Imam Hussein, is located northwest of the shrine and where the Amin al-Saltanah School is located.
- Nasiri courtyard or the courtyard of the Crown Prince, now known as Kashani courtyard, is located west of the shrine.
- The courtyard of Ali Jan Garden is located in the east of the shrine.
- The southern courtyard is also known as Imamzadeh Hamzeh.
A common feature of the porticos of the shrine of King Abdolazim Hassani is the marble alleys and the tiled walls. The western porch or upper porch was established during the Safavid period; In this portico, there is a spectacular altar decorated with tiles and mosaics, and around it are works of calligraphers who have recorded the verses of the Qur’an. The upper porch has access to the Nasiri courtyard and the courtyard of Naser al-Din Shah can be seen from its corridors and western windows.
Between the courtyard of the shrine of Hamza and the shrine of King Abdul Azim, there is an eastern porch whose architecture is similar to the upper porch. There is another porch in the shrine, which in the past was known as the Jantusara Mosque and was the entrance to the shrine before the construction of the courtyard and north porch.
The two golden doors that connect the porch of the shrine to the shrine are among the most beautiful doors in the shrine of Abdul Azim. In another part of this portico, there is a large wooden door on which verses of the Qur’an are recorded and it dates back to the Timurid era. The northern porch is one of the buildings built by order of Shah Tahmasb during the Safavid period.
There are various pavilions in the shrine of King Abdul Azim where cultural and religious works are presented. Ladies and gentlemen can also benefit from the advice of religious experts by visiting the booths set up to answer religious questions. The scope of work of the pavilions in the shrine of King Abdul Azim is different. With the help of the servants of the shrine and the guide section of the pilgrims, you can get acquainted with the various activities that take place in the pavilions of the complex and use them.
The north porch is one of the main buildings of the shrine of King Abdul Azim and the main entrance of the shrine. There are shoemakers around the main porch. This porch was built along with the northern courtyard during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar. At the present location was the porch of the Jantusara Mosque, which is now known as one of the porches of the shrine. The north porch has 10 beautiful stone pillars that have doubled its appearance. Above the porch is an inscription containing the name of the architect and the history of the porch.
The east porch of the shrine is another entrance located in the eastern courtyard. This porch is smaller than the Astana porch, but its architecture, like other porches, is mirrored and its alleys are made of marble.
The Grand Mosque is one of the main parts of the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani, in which various ceremonies such as mourning for Imam Hussein, Eid prayers, religious speeches, etc. are held. This mosque is one of the buildings that was built during the development of the shrine during the Qajar period and is not separate from the sanctuary. This mosque is located on the north side of the shrine and its entrance is from the ancient courtyard.
Amin al-Sultan School
Amin Al-Sultan or Aminieh School is located in the courtyard of the Parrot Garden. This school was built by Ibrahim Khan Zol-e-Sultan and was dedicated to the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani. But a large part of this school has been destroyed. On the site of the former Amina al-Sultan school, the Parrot Garden Cemetery has now been established, where many great Shiite figures are buried.
The seminary and the school of the students of Borhan are other buildings that are located near the shrine of Shabd al-Azim. There are two seminaries in the shrine. One of them is a seminary that was established instead of Reza Khan’s tomb at the beginning of the Islamic Revolution and operates around the clock and allows students to stay.
Another area located near the shrine is Borhan School. The building of this school, which was originally called Atiq, was built during the Seljuk period and housed religious students until the Pahlavi era. But in the Pahlavi era, it was no longer active and its construction was deteriorating. After the Islamic Revolution, Hajj Sheikh Ali Akbar Borhan Tehrani rebuilt what remained of the building and re-established a seminary in the area. In 1370, the building was completely destroyed and rebuilt, and a new seminary was established there. The new building of Borhan School in an area of five thousand square meters has been receiving students of religious sciences since 2004.
Museum of the Shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani
The great antiquity of the holy shrine of Shabd al-Azim has caused many ancient and exquisite monuments in and around the shrine. This led to the establishment of a museum to preserve and preserve these monuments in the shrine. On the other hand, people, princes and nobles of different periods have donated objects to the shrine, some of which are known as exquisite works of Islamic Iran. At first, these works were kept in the shrine treasury and were out of reach of pilgrims. But since 1381, a museum with an area of three thousand square meters was set up on the southeast side of the shrine.
The works in the Museum of the Shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani are:
- A collection of doors of the Holy Threshold, the oldest of which dates back to the sixth or seventh century AH. Other gates date back to the Timurid, Safavid and Qajar periods.
- A set of steel and silver locks with inscriptions that were used for the doors and shrines of Shah Abdolazim, Imamzadeh Hamzeh and Imamzadeh Taher.
- A collection of stone carvings that includes a marble entrance with a prominent inscription, the tombstone of Qajar government officials, the memorial stone of Borhan School and the tiled pieces of the shrine.
- Collection of pottery from the fourth millennium BC to the end of the thirteenth century AH. (The works of this section are not limited to the shrine and some of the pottery works obtained by the Cultural Heritage Organization are also kept in this museum).
- Part of the silver and floss coins of the Parthian period, seals and medals donated by the country’s champions and athletes.
- A collection of textiles related to the shrine from the Safavid period to the end of the 13th century AH.
- A collection of paintings from the event of Karbala, the Resurrection and the icon, and… along with calligraphy and decorations.
- A collection of metal artifacts, some of which date back to the first millennium BC and is not limited to the area of the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani.
- A collection of manuscripts that includes books, books, texts and commands of different historical periods. Some of them are known as one of the most exquisite works of ancient Iran and Islam.
Neighbor was the wife of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar and one of his most beloved minions. He died of tuberculosis and Nasser al-Din Shah never forgot him for the rest of his life. To the extent that he did not even allow anyone to approach the old residence of the neighbors.
He established a garden of the same name in the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani. Nasser al-Din Shah was one of the people killed by Mirza Reza Kermani in the shrine of King Abdul Azim. Finally, the king’s body was buried in the neighbor’s garden, next to his beloved wife. Jeeran Garden was located on the west side of Astan and now there are not many traces of it left.
Parrot Garden is the name of a historical cemetery located in the shrine of King Abdul Azim. In the past, this cemetery was located next to Amina Al-Sultan School, but after the destruction of the school, most of the courtyard of the Parrot Garden became a cemetery. The Parrot Garden Cemetery is not part of the courtyard and you will see it when you leave the western side of the shrine. From the parrot garden, a beautiful view of the shrine can be seen and the domes and minarets can be seen. Many photographers choose the angle of view from the parrot garden when photographing the shrine.Important personalities who are famous in various fields are buried in the Parrot Garden Cemetery. In the following sections, we will talk more about the people who are buried in this place.
The parking lot of Shah Abdolazim shrine is located on the south side. One of the most important concerns about Tehran’s tourist attractions is the parking space and the access route to them by car. The holy shrine of Shabd al-Azim does not have such a problem. There is no traffic plan in the area of the shrine and its parking lot has enough capacity to receive pilgrims on days when there is no ceremony. If you plan to go to Shah Abdul Azim on busy days such as Ghadr nights or the first decade of Muharram, it is better to get to the parking lot earlier or use public transportation. Access to the shrine by subway is very simple. In the following sections, we will examine the different routes to access the shrine.
Abdul Azim Bazaar
One of the common features between Imamzadeh Saleh and the shrine of King Abdul Azim is the traditional bazaars near them. Something that attracts the attention of pilgrims and is the best choice for buying souvenirs after the pilgrimage. This bazaar dates back to the Safavid era and was built about 500 years ago. This bazaar was also rebuilt during the Qajar period and now has a square with a dome-shaped roof, the western side of which leads to the Twin Caravanserai and the eastern side leads to a small square.
In the past, traders who traded on the Silk Road used to sell their products in this market. But today, various types of goods such as herbs, spices, clothing, jewelry, etc. are offered in this market. The barbecues and restaurants of this market also serve different foods and have a long history in this market. In short, you can find everything you need in the market next to the shrine of King Abdul Azim.
Tombs of famous people in the shrine
The shrine of King Abdul Azim is not just a religious place and has always been the focus of government officials. As we have said before, Naser al-Din Shah was buried in this place and Reza Shah also had a tomb in this shrine. Other kings also took steps to architect and renovate the building. Many celebrities, political figures and government aristocrats are buried in the area around the shrine, especially the Parrot Garden Cemetery.
Below you will find the names of the most famous people buried in this cemetery.
- Ayatollah Kashani
- Ayatollah Twelve
- Amiri Firoozkoohi
- Ghaem Magham Farahani
- Martyr Sheikh Mohammad Khayabani
- Ismail Ashtiani
- Dr. Badie Al-Zaman Forouzanfar
- Ayatollah Haj Sheikh Javad Foumani Haeri
- Ayatollah Hassan Ashtiani
- Seyed Zia-ud-Din Tabatabai
- Ayatollah Ahmad Ashtiani
- Ayatollah Mojtaba Tehrani
- Allameh Mohammad Qazvini
Corona restrictions have changed the opening hours of the collection several times. For this reason, it is recommended that every time you plan to go to the shrine of King Abdul Azim Hassani, first check the site of the collection. During the coronation restrictions, congregational prayers were not held in this area even for a while.
Normally, visiting the shrine of King Abdul Azim is around the clock. However, during the Corona restrictions, its working hours were changed and it received pilgrims from the morning call to prayer until 7 pm, and the gates remained open for a while until 11 pm. At the end of working hours, the shrines are emptied by the servants and the doors are closed and will be closed until the morning call to prayer.
Access routes to Abdul Azim shrine
To access the shrine, you can use a private car, Tehran metro and bus. Shahreri station located in Tehran metro line 1 is the closest station to the shrine of Shah Abdolazim. The distance between the shrine and the metro station can be reached in half an hour on foot, but taxis and internet taxis also work to transport passengers in this area.
The access route varies depending on which area of Tehran you go to the shrine. In the following, we have brought some of the routes that lead to the shrine of Abdul Azim Hassani.
- Azadegan South Highway – Shahid Rajaei St. – Fatah Bridge – Shahid Dastavareh Boulevard – South Door of the Shrine.
- South Nawab Safavid Highway – Shahid Tondgovian Highway – Azadegan Highway – Shahid Rajaei St. – Fatah Bridge – Shahid Dastavareh Boulevard.
- Vahdat Eslami St. – Shousha St. – Shahid Rajaei St. – Fatah Bridge – Shahid Dastavareh Blvd.
- Damavand St., 30 meters from the Air Force, Basij Highway, Azadegan Highway, Fadaiyan-e-Islam St., Shahr-e-Belt, east door of the shrine.
With the help of the map location, you can find the shrine of King Abdul Azim from anywhere on your way.
Abdul Azim Shrine is an attraction for all people
It is interesting to know that even many foreign tourists visit the shrine of King Abdul Azim. Many of them even attend religious ceremonies in this holy place to get acquainted with the customs of Islamic Iran. The unique historical and architectural monuments of this region attract the attention of all people. This spectacular work in a city is worth the time to visit.
Our Iranian culture has a deep connection with the Islamic world and Iranians have always been among the people with the highest level of belief in Islam. This is perhaps one of the most important reasons why we enjoy being in spiritual spaces such as the shrine of Abdul Azim Hassani. Many people who do not live in Tehran, every time they travel to this city, must visit the shrine.