One of the areas that is very rich in nature and beauty, Is Lorestan. Many natural attractions can be found in this province, one of which is Kalmakreh Cave of Lorestan. Join us in reading this article to know where Kolmakreh Cave is and get a map of Kolmakreh Cave.
Kalmakreh cave in Lorestan was officially registered as a girl bridge, but the people of Romeshkan also know it for themselves. There are many stories about the history and map of Kolmakreh Cave and in general, it has a mysterious past. According to studies and researches, Kalmakreh Cave of Lorestan belongs to 2700 years ago. It is said that this cave was the treasure of governments such as Achaemenid and Sassanid and many treasures were buried in it. According to others, the cave of Kalmakreh in Lorestan dates back to the pre-Achaemenid period, ie the Neo-Elamites, and the treasure it contained is related to gifts or inheritance left by the kings of that time. Among other theories about the treasure of Kalmakreh cave in Lorestan, it is that Cyrus emptied the treasures of the temples of Babylon and brought it to this cave after capturing Babylon and Mesopotamia.
When this cave was discovered, the skeletons of several people were found, and therefore, another theory is that when Alexander invaded Iran, he brought this treasure to this cave and appointed 4 guards for it. According to the article Where is Kolmakreh Cave, you should know that these 4 guards died one after another naturally. Rasool Bashash is one of the people who has researched and studied this cave in recent years. According to the inscriptions in the cave, he was able to find the name of a royal family whose name does not belong to it. Continuing his research, based on the map of Kolmakreh Cave, he found that the objects in this cave belong to the land of Samatura or Samati.
This dynasty ruled in the south of Lorestan during the New Elamite period. Those who had a lot of wealth, when the Elamites were declining and the Achaemenids came to power, they put part of this wealth in the cave of Kolmakreh. According to the article Where is Kolmakreh Cave, you should know that one of the theories about this cave is that the vessels discovered in it are most likely the booty that was taken back from the looters by the Kasians who were the main inhabitants of Lorestan. Despite all these narrations and theories, many believe that the treasure in this cave did not belong to any kingdom.
According to the article Where is Kolmakreh Cave, you should know that the word Kalmakreh itself is divided into three words, we (man) and Korea, each of which means a kind of animal that has halal meat and lives in the mountains, the location And they are like a fig tree with no edible fruit. The spruce tree was at the entrance to the cave, and in fact it was until 1974, but some unauthorized diggers cut it down and used its wood to light a fire.
It is narrated that a hunter or shepherd named Uzair Kalmakrei discovered the cave of Kalmakreh in 1989 while following a mountain goat. He sees that this goat enters and leaves the cave several times, he enters this cave and finds the old coin. Aziz Kalmakrei, after showing this coin to an antiques dealer, realizes the very high antiquity of Kalmakreh cave in Lorestan. After this story, he goes to this cave more, takes more items with him, finds many old objects and sells them. A few years after the shepherd discovered the cave, the Cultural Heritage Organization became aware of the cave and sent troops to protect and maintain it. During this period, many people, including smugglers, donkey owners, diggers and indigenous peoples of the region, stole all its valuables that belonged to the Medes and Achaemenids. Although the Cultural Heritage Organization notices such thefts, it only closes the mouth of the cave and no longer protects it, and the smugglers also stole other items left in the cave. Now, all that remains is a few columns and walls destroyed. In the documentary, Azir Kalmakrei says that he was the driver of a heavy car and not a shepherd or a hunter. He has known this cave since 1978, but he was afraid of entering this cave until he left his fear in 1957 and entered the cave.
He says that the first time he enters the cave, he finds a coin that he notices when he shows it to an expert. Therefore, next time, he takes with him tools and equipment so that he can find more objects and coins. He shoots the roof of the cave with a gun and drops many gold and silver coins on the ground. According to the article Where is Kolmakreh Cave, you should know that after a while, he decides to bring his cousin to this cave so that they can explore it together. He says there were valuables next to the columns, on the ledges and capitals. He goes on to say that several warehouses were full of valuables. These warehouses numbered 8 to 9, which were captured before they were seized.
According to the article “Where is Kolmakreh Cave? You should know that when these two are arrested, Kalmakreh Cave is known among the residents and smugglers and other people, and by 1968, all its objects will be looted.” According to surveys conducted during this period on the map of Kolmakreh Cave, an average of 50 to 70 people went to this cave and stole objects inside it.
In Kolmakreh cave, you can see very beautiful natural phenomena, and for this reason, many archaeologists believe that this cave is more of a natural attraction than a historical attraction. The total area of this cave is about 4300 square meters and the known route reaches 670 meters. If we calculate from the ground level, this cave is 550 meters high. The entrance space of this cave has dimensions of 20 by 8. The cave contains beautiful attractions such as ponds, vestibules and cavities, stalactites and golden stalactites, as well as columns and ceilings of sedimentary pendants. Kalmakreh Cave has 4 very large halls and some parts of these halls are up to 15 meters high and in them you can see columns and sedimentary pendants and very beautiful pendants.
The primary hall was for guards and bodyguards. In this hall, there is a room with an area of two square meters and a height of 80 centimeters, which was reserved for the guard. This room was built of clay, straw and rubble on the map of the cave of Kolmakreh, which was destroyed today. This primitive hall has also been destroyed by humans, otherwise there would have been stalactites in it. According to the studies done on the map of Kolmakreh cave, the second hall was the place of storage of materials needed per day. In this hall, various jars were placed on limestone columns. The third and fourth halls are the main storage places for treasures in this cave and not much information has been said about them.
Objects obtained from the cave are mostly in museums abroad such as Louvre, New York Metropolitan and British Museum are and some in museums inside Iran such as Museum of Ancient Iran in Tehran . These items include plates, takuk, statues, bowls of almond fish, silver jugs and retons. Among these objects, 114 pieces in the Celestial Museum, 100 pieces in the Archaeological Museum, two pieces in Ilam, two pieces in Tabriz, 30 pieces in the Louvre Museum, 30 pieces in the Metropolitan Museum, two pieces in Kyoto and several other pieces in the Museum There are other parts of the world. According to the statistics announced by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Lorestan Province, about 5,000 valuable objects were found in this cave, of which only 10% is in Iran and more than 2,300 pieces are outside Iran.
One of these objects is the lion’s cup known as Sultan Kolmakre. This cup was returned to Iran in 1392 and in fact the US government gave it to Iran as a symbol of goodwill. The Poldakhtar Islamic Revolutionary Committee found objects in the cave, including a gold mask, a life-size antelope thigh, a silver hexagon of animals, two curved metals such as a sickle, isolated animal parts, and three molten silver ingots. they are. Some of the golden masks obtained from this cave, which are now in the Museum of Ancient Iran, belong to 500 BC. The silver objects found in this cave are mostly hollow statues of mythical or natural animals and animals in which sacred liquids were poured and used in their rituals.
In order to visit this cave, you have to park your car to some extent and walk the rest of the way. If you are on Poldakhtar road, you should enter a road north of Kashkan river. By continuing this route, you will reach Darreh Bagh village. Here you have to park your car and walk to the cave. If you are not a professional mountaineer or rock climber or you have a child with you, we do not recommend going to the mouth of the cave of Kolmakreh, because to reach it you have to go down a rope on a valley 100 meters deep, about 10 meters. . If you want to enter the cave, note that the first 10 meters are light, but from then on it is dark and you must have a flashlight with you.