Kashan Fin Garden is one of the Iranian gardens which, in addition to its long history, which is at least 500 years old, has been the site of important historical and political events during different years.
The architecture of this garden is like Persian gardens with trees and streams and beautiful cobblestones and ponds. Blue and large, along with various historical buildings, has created a magnificent and astonishing view that dazzles every eye.
Our task today is to tell the story of Kashan Fin Garden in Alibaba Tourism Magazine Let us tell you and tell you exactly what makes this garden so special that it is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Where is Bagh-e Fin?
It is located in Kashan city and Amir Kabir street.
What attractions are there in this garden?
of spectacular attractions Kashan Fin Garden and Sights We can mention the Safavid and Qajar pavilions, the Twelve Fountains and the Boiling Pond, the Sardar Mansion, the Royal Bath and the Amir Kabir Bath, the Kashan National Museum and the library, the teahouse, etc.
What buildings are in the garden?
It dates back to 500 years ago.
Let’s get acquainted with Kashan Fin Garden
Kashan Fin Garden is one of the most famous and beautiful is a place of interest in Kashan which, in addition to being included in the list of national monuments of Iran in 1314, was also included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage in 1390.
Kashan Fin Garden reaches 33799 square meters and due to the model of the walls inside the garden, the cylindrical towers around the garden have a magnificent and luxurious view and for this reason the Fin Garden is also called “Shah Garden”. This beautiful historical garden of Kashan has kept historical stories in its heart for several centuries, and the name “Amir Kabir” is one of the letters we hear between its walls. In terms of architecture, Kashan Fin Garden is one of the top 9 Iranian gardens due to its unique and special architecture, which are part of the UNESCO World Heritage. This beautiful Persian garden is located in one of the old neighborhoods of Kashan, which is called Fin.
There is a pond in Kashan Fin Garden, which is also called the Pond of Wishes; In fact, they say that if you throw a coin in this pool, your wish will come true. Of course, most tourists and visitors have filled the pond with various coins as entertainment. But where does the philosophy of putting coins in water come from? In the religion of Zoroaster and the ancient Iranians, there was a belief that water is a symbol of purity and enlightenment, and the followers of Zoroaster also gave a part of their property to the goddess of water to fill their houses and pockets with blessing and purity.
Historical story of Kashan Fin Garden Fin Kashan region has always been considered by the kings and rulers of Iran throughout history because of the spring that flows there. In fact, the date of Kashan Fin Garden is not very exact, but some attribute the construction time of this garden to the time of Ardeshir Babakan.
But at the same time we can be sure, that this is the first reference to the garden In historical sources, it dates back to the time of Yaqub Laith Saffari , who spoke of the existence of a spring and a garden in the central deserts of Iran. According to these historical sources, some experts and historians have considered the Al-Buwayh era as the time of the establishment of this garden.
Some have also said that the Kashan Fin Garden is related to It is a patriarchal period because “Yaghoot Hamavi”, who was a historian of the 7th century AH, wrote about the movement of the people of Kashan in the gardens of Finn.
Has not come! But one of the natural disasters dates back to the Safavid era and the Shah Tahmasb era in 951 AH; An earthquake struck and Finn Garden was damaged by the intensity of the earthquake, and the part of the garden that is now known as the “Old Garden” is the remnants of the Shah Tahmasb earthquake that can be seen a few hundred meters from Kashan Fin Garden. Shah Abbas I , during the Safavid period, interesting architectural and reconstruction works were carried out for the Finn Garden. At that time, round and high towers were built for this “New Finn Garden” and the distance between the old and new gardens was covered with a large street and field that was used for playing polo and various competitions.
Also Shah Abbas First, to prevent the risk of flooding in the Finn Garden, he ordered the construction of a stone and mortar dam one kilometer south of the Finn Garden, which still exists.
In the Safavid period, in addition to the entrance door, the Amirkabir bath (small bath) and the Safavid pavilion were also built during this period. The paving stones of Kashan Fin Garden, which have a sun design, also belong to the Safavid era. Most of the modern buildings of Kashan Fin Garden are the period of Fath Ali Shah Qajar who was very interested in Fin Garden and spring. By his order, this garden took on a luxurious and royal appearance, and a larger bath was built next to the Safavid bath, next to Karimkhani. Murals from hunting and court banquets were also added to parts of the garden buildings. Seven colors and turquoise to it, is one of the actions and works that were done in Kashan Fin Garden. in Pahlavi era and Islamic Republic Most of the work done in Finn Garden was related to the restoration of buildings, swimming pools and paving stones. Also in 1314, the Finn Garden was announced in the list of national monuments of Iran and caused more views to be attracted to this historical garden, and during the Islamic Republic, it was registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Important historical events that took place in Kashan Fin Garden!
As we have been telling the long story of the construction of the Kashan Fin Garden and the interest of the kings in this place, you have probably guessed by now what important historical events have taken place only in this garden and what kind of destiny Changed the history of Iran. For this reason, in this section, we want to talk a little about the most important historical events of Kashan Fin Garden.
King Ismail Safavid hh> He won, went to Kashan at the beginning of his rule and held a public celebration in the Finn Garden. The people of Kashan, in honor of the Shah’s presence there, adorn the city and rejoice. Shah Ismail Safavid during his reign twice celebrated and danced in the Garden of Finn and received the people of the peasantry.
Murder of Khezr Nahavandi, ruler of Kashan
Khezr Nahavandi Over the years, he was the sole ruler of Kashan and had a lot of power and influence, so much so that Shah Abbas Safavid was worried about his power and around 986 AH, when Khedr Nahavandi was walking in Bagh-e Fin, someone attacked him and killed him with a knife. میرساند. Later, they said and wrote that this incident was a political assassination ordered by the Shah. Loved it very much; But on his last visit to the government building, he is said to have died of alcohol abuse, after which his 10-year-old son was crowned in the same garden and became king. /
murder Amir Kabir
Mohammad Taghi Farahani known as “Amir Kabir” who was the prime minister of Nasser al-Din Shah, had a great impact on the development of Iran and had done many important cultural and political works in his time, from which we can establish the Academy of Arts. , Organizing and improving the army, dividing the water of Karaj, setting salaries for courtiers, etc.
Although he was also popular with the Qajar king and had pleased the king, but influential enemies in the king’s court such as mother of the Shah and Haj Ali Khan Khan of Maragheh who eventually caused Amir Kabir to be removed from the position of Prime Minister and exiled to Kashan. Forty days after his exile, Nasser al-Din Shah repents and sends him a disgrace so that Amir Kabir can return to the court. But Amir Kabir’s enemies do not shake hands and when Nasser al-Din Shah is drunk, they exploit his drunkenness and kill Amir Kabir They get a signature from the king. For this reason, the assassins left for Kashan, and when they reached Bagh-e Fin, Amir Kabir was taking a bath.
The assassins of Amir Kabir enter the bathroom through the alley and read the king’s decree to Amir Kabir. Amir Kabir asks to see his wife and children for the last time, writes a few lines of wills and prays two rak’ats, but all his requests are rejected and the killers do not accept. But he is given the right to choose the method of his death, and Amir Kabir tells him that the hairdresser should take a bath so that he can die slowly.
And strangled him with a cloth. After the death of Amir Kabir on December 11, 1230 AH, public mourning was declared daily in Kashan and his body was buried in the Imamzadeh of Habiba Ibn Musa in Kashan. Two years later, Amir Kabir’s wife exhumed his body and transported it to Karbala for burial in the shrine of Imam Hussein.
Naib Hossein Kashi Shelter
Nayeb Hussein Kashi and his allies were among the protesters during the reign of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar who went to Kashan Fin Garden and fought there for about 14 years, which also destroyed parts of the garden. Eventually they were arrested by the central government and executed in 1298 AH.
Why is the name of this garden Finn?
This garden is known by this name because it is located in Fin region of Kashan. But what does Finn mean in general? Some have suggested that the Arabic word fin means “pin” meaning “end” in ancient Persian, which can be a strong guess. Because this area was considered the end point of Kashan city. Another conjecture is that Finn is derived from the word “ Finne “, because the people of this city wore a hat called Finn.
The magnificent and exceptional architecture of the Finn Garden
In the magnificent architecture of Kashan Fin Garden, in addition to the colorful role of water and tree in this garden, which are beautiful everywhere, the architectural style of the buildings, mansions and structures that can be seen is very pleasant and The beauty of this garden has doubled. At the time of the construction of the Finn Garden, symmetry was one of the main features of this garden, but over time and in the post-Safavid reconstructions, this feature has somewhat diminished, but its manifestation can still be found in the Finn Gardens and mansions.
Finn garden trees are 500 years old!
Trees are one of the main elements of Kashan Fin Garden, which have remained green in this garden for many years. In addition to 579 cypress trees, this Iranian garden has 11 sycamore trees in the garden that are several centuries old. The oldest trees of this garden, which are known as Lily and Majnoon cypress, with a lifespan of about 500 years, are located next to the Qajar pavilion. This theme of the year of the trees shows what an important role the trees of the Finn garden have played in the design of the garden and its attention, and certainly planting a few sycamore trees next to the cypress trees has been to increase the visual beauty of the garden. Of course, there are other trees in the garden, such as berries, figs, etc.
But the sad thing is that all these years the trees of the Finn Garden have survived and grown tall, they have survived all the historical events for 500 years, but in the past years due to various factors such as unprofessional interference, crossing wires and cables, improper irrigation, piping facilities, severe cold. , Improper management, etc. have caused drought and disease of Finn garden trees.
Twelve-fountain pond, masterpiece of symmetry of the Finn Garden
The Twelve Fountain Basin was built during the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar and is a long and rectangular basin with beautiful fountains which is one of the famous basins of Kashan Fin Garden.
The Twelve Fountains are located after the boiling pool; When water enters the boiling basin, it flows into the twelve-walled basin by means of clay pots, and thus the fountains of this basin are used. In the architecture of Iranian gardens and Kashan Fin Garden, the philosophy has been to use basins and fountains to create a sense of calm and purity, as well as to cool the air around the garden.
The Finn Garden Boiling Pond follows the golden ratio!
The boiling pool of Finn is one of the amazing parts of the architecture of Finn Garden and one of the sights of Kashan that dazzles the eyes of every viewer. The floor of this pool is completely tiled and its patterns are like Kashan carpets. These tiles were taken to a private garden during the reign of Mohammad Ali Shah by insurgents led by Nayeb Hussein Kashi.
However, due to their lack of skill in placing the tiles in their own order, the tiles remained virtually unused, and with the exception of a few that were destroyed, some of the tiles were sold to the Louvre Museum in Paris . The boiling pool has 160 holes, each of which was a symbol of carpet flowers and worked in such a way that when water came out of the first hole as a fountain, the second hole acted as water suction. Which has been an interesting point in its kind.
So on this account, half of the holes were for fountains and half were for water suction; As a result, water inflows and outflows were uniform and the pool water did not overflow.
Due to these construction features of the boiling pool, this pool is known as a masterpiece of water supply art and it seems that it is one of the designs of Ghiasuddin Jamshid Kashani and the dimensions of the boiling pool follow the golden ratio.
Familiarity with different mansions of Kashan Fin Garden
In the Finn Garden of Kashan, over the years, kings came and went, and each of them built buildings and mansions in this garden that have become part of history. Among these buildings can be mentioned the following:
Qajar pavilion was built by the order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar in 1189 AH and for this reason it is also known as “Fath Ali Shahi Sufi” and “Fath Ali Shahi ostrich’s throat”.
The Qajar pavilion consists of a quadrangle with a boiling pool, a pool house and a four-aisled covered and royal porch, with two backyards on the south and north sides of the pavilion, reaching several rooms and their furnishings. On the roof of the pavilion, there are paintings by Sani Al-Molk Ghaffari , many parts of which have been destroyed due to neglect and neglect. But the interesting thing is that a while ago, a photo of these beautiful paintings was found in the album of a French tourist, and now that the original paintings were known, their designs were reconstructed by Master Matififar , which, of course, differs from the Qajar pavilion. Colors can distinguish between original and new parts.
The paintings above the pond of the Qajar pavilion are images of royal banquets, hunting grounds, Quranic tales and events of the Finn Garden.
The Safavid pavilion, nicknamed the “Abbasi Sufi”, was built during the reign of Shah Abbas I, the Safavid . This pavilion has two floors and has been a place for ceremonies, celebrations, public and entertainment of the king. The pergola mansion was added during the reign of Shah Safi, but today no trace of it remains.
But what is the meaning of the pavilion? The pavilion is actually a small palace that was built at the intersection of the main axes of the garden or in the center of the Persian garden. The Safavid pavilion also has a quadrangular shape with a beautiful pool right in the center. Paintings by Reza Mosurokashi can be seen at the entrance of the building, which have faded today. These paintings were damaged due to the Afghan invasion and the earthquake, and even during the Qajar period, they were plastered on them, and today they have just been plastered, but they are still a dazzling and attractive part of the Safavid pavilion.
An attractive feature of the Safavid pavilion architecture is that water flows on both sides of the mansion and its main part is a large pool at the bottom of the pavilion and a twelve-walled pool above it. The Wish Pond or the ostrich is also located in this part of the Finn Garden.
In fact, there is a hole in the middle of the pond, at a depth of two meters from the ground, there is a clay tube resembling a camel neck or the English letter S. This special shape of the pipe causes water to be forced out of the middle of the pond, and visitors assume that this water pressure is due to a spring in the middle of the pond. Tourists and some people throw coins into the pond and believe that if the coin falls into the hole, their wish will be fulfilled.
The royal room was built by order of Mohammad Shah Qajar in Bagh-e Fin and is one of the sights of Kashan. This room was also known as the five-door room and the sash room, which were known for having five doors (windows) overlooking the courtyard as well as vertical sliding openings.
There were rooms on either side of the building known as earring rooms for the crew, and the crew used the side doors of the mansion to move around instead of the main doors. All the windows of this room have stained glass, which has given a wonderful beauty to this mansion and also protected the wood of the building against termites. It may be new and interesting to you that this type of glass has been used in buildings to repel insects!
Also, in order to prevent the moisture and humidity of the pool in the middle of the building from damaging the building, ducts were installed in the plinths, which caused air to flow behind the main wall.
Sarodar Mansion is a two-storey building located right at the entrance of Kashan Fin Garden. This mansion was built in the Safavid period and has a hall that connects the inside and outside of the garden. At the bottom of the mansion, there is a porch where visitors wait to enter. After this vestibule, the entrance hall and side rooms are located. The porches of the Sardar mansion overlook the four sides of the Finn Garden, and in ancient times they served as guardians of the garden.
Kashan National Museum
Kashan National Museum was built in 1967 on the ruins of Nizam al-Dawla and is located on the northwest side of Bagh-e Fin. In fact, Nizam al-Dawla, the son-in-law of Fath Ali Shah Qajar, used the Finn Garden as his residence and court. For this reason, he built his interior and harem outside the main area of the garden, which became known as Nizam al-Dawla.
Kashan National Museum has an area of 300 square meters and one floor includes large and small halls and basement. The museum has three important sections: anthropology, archeology and handicrafts, which, in addition to pre-Islamic and post-Islamic pottery, also display ceramics, clothing, writing, etc. Some of the objects obtained from the excavations of Kashan Silk Hill, Shush, Lorestan, Ismail Abad, etc. have given a special credit and historical charm to the archeological section of Kashan National Museum.
Cheshmeh Fin or Sulaimaniyah is an important source of running water supply in different parts of Fin Garden, such as streams, pools and ponds, which boils from a rock called Dandaneh Mountain in the west of Kashan.
This spring is 7 thousand years old and some people have long believed that this spring was a miracle of Solomon and for this reason it has been called Sulaimaniyah from ancient times to the present day.
The water of this magnificent and historical spring has always been constant and in any case it is about 360 liters per second; In principle, it can be said that the amount of water does not depend on annual rainfall! And the most interesting point is that the water temperature of Sulaimaniyah spring is always 25 degrees Celsius, so that it looks cold in hot seasons and hot in cold seasons. The water of this spring, although extremely clear and clean, is not suitable for drinking.
The Bagh-e-Fin teahouse, formerly called the Women’s Fountain, is located next to the Qajar pavilion. ) Flows and supplies water to fountains and streams. The flow engineering of the female spring water supply is done using clay pots that direct the water of the Sulaimaniyah spring to the Safavid pavilion. It comes out of the tube slowly.
Karimkhani backyard, which was built by the order of Karimkhan Zand in the southern part of Kashan Fin Garden. It consists of five-door rooms (windows), simple rooms and a small courtyard, on both sides of which are nesting rooms.
The royal bath was built in 1189 AH by the order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar so that the Qajar kings could use this bath while having fun in Bagh-e Fin. A small bathroom was also built for the crew, which was open to the public and peasants on some days of the week. The royal bath has different sections such as changing room, sarbineh, side corridors to bring the utensils into the bath. The main courtyard of the bathroom also has its own parts, which include the royal, cupping rooms, treasury, hot water pool, cold water pool and semi-hot water pool.
The bath water was heated through the “tun” and the bath space was heated through the “cat channels” under the floor of the bath. These channels were there to transfer heat and soot to the chimneys, which both expelled the soot and heated the floor of the bathroom. The walls of the royal baths were made entirely of mortar, and because they were a good protector against moisture, they prevented the bath building from getting wet. There are also holes in the ceiling of the bathroom that illuminate the bathroom and illuminate the entire perimeter of the bathroom like a lamp during the day.
The Safavid bath or the so-called small bath is the same bath in which the Supreme Leader of Iran, the great Amir Kabir, was assassinated on January 11, 1230 AH, and after that it is known as the “Amir Kabir bath”. This bath was built around 882 AH and most of its parts are similar to the royal bath that we described above. But one of the interesting parts of the Safavid bath is the seven tiles in its treasury, which are 500 years old!
Garden towers and ramparts
During the Safavid period, the area around the Finn Garden was fenced with four towers, and in later periods it was altered and destroyed. However, during the Qajar period, three more towers were added to the Finn Garden fence and turned into a royal castle garden. Converted.
The Finn Garden Teahouse, which is actually located in the same part of the women’s fountain, is decorated with traditional wooden boards and is a place for tourists to relax and unwind.
In the historical texts, there is no mention of the library building or the windbreak mansion which is located on the eastern side of Bagh-e Fin, but certainly this building was added to the transverse axis of the garden during the Qajar period and has been used as a public library since 1334 AH. Amir Kabir is used.
Near the Kashan National Museum, there are traces of a stable, although there is no mention of its existence in historical texts, but there is little evidence that it was a stable. It is said that the age of these stables is the same as the privacy of Nizam al-Dawla and it belongs to the time of Fath Ali Shah Qajar .
Welfare and recreational facilities of Kashan Fin Garden
Among the amenities and entertainment facilities of Kashan Fin Garden, we can mention the health service, parking, prayer hall, tea house, cultural products store and souvenirs and the restaurant of Fin historical complex.
Also, Finn Garden near Kashan sights such as Silk Hill , Tabatabai House , Aghabzorg Mosque and School , Sultan Amirahmad Bath > There are also places that visiting them can turn your imagination of Kashan into a pleasant historical and recreational experience!
The best time to visit Kashan Fin Garden
Kashan Fin Garden, like other famous and beautiful Iranian gardens, is at the peak of its beauty and lushness in spring and summer, in addition to removing the smell of Kashan roses and roses in spring! Therefore, if you want to see the peak of the beauty of the Finn Garden, it is better to travel there in spring and summer.
But if you come to Kashan in autumn and winter, seeing Finn Garden is not without grace and it can paint the beauties of cold nature and the fallen leaves of trees in front of tourists!
Where is Finn Garden?
Address of Bagh-e Fin: Isfahan province, central part of Kashan city, Amir Kabir St., historical complex of Bagh-e Fin
Kashan Fin Garden Phone Number: 03155302070
Kashan Fin Garden on Google Camp
What is the access route to Finn Garden?
Kashan Fin Garden is located in Kashan, which is now part of Isfahan province. And since the Finn Garden is located on one of the main streets of the city, the access route is very easy. All you have to do is go to Amir Kabir Street in Kashan and at the end of the street, see the towering trees that are waiting for you!
What is the entrance fee and visiting time for Finn Garden?
Before going to Kashan Fin Garden, it is better to inquire about the working hours of the collection by phone, but in general, Fin Garden is open to the public every day, except for the days of martyrdom and official holidays, from 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM. To visit Kashan Fin Garden, if you are an Iranian tourist, you have to pay 2500 Tomans and if you are a foreign tourist, your visit amount is 25000 thousand Tomans .
Tell me about Finn
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