Miqan Wetland in Arak is a beautiful place for tourists. This wetland is the largest source of sodium sulfate in Iran and the country’s mineral salt company has obtained the right to extract from the mines of this wetland from the interested authorities. Join us in this interesting and readable article to know where Miqan Wetland is and get acquainted with the condition of Miqan Wetland.
Miqan Wetland has a special ecological feature, including the migration of birds to this area. Derna Wetland has a large population and most of the wetland is birds. The vegetation of Arak Miqan wetland is more than halophyte and saline plants, which is why it is one of the important reserves of saline plants in the country. The wetland is located at the lowest point of the Farahan Plain and includes a series of alluvial plains, deserts and a seasonal lake where migratory and native birds live in different seasons.
The area of Miqan wetland in Arak is about 25,000 hectares and includes three islands in the middle of the lake and the surrounding plains and deserts. Its altitude is 1700 meters above sea level. Archaeologically, the lagoon dates back to the Paleocene. During this period, due to the pressure of the Saudi plate, the region suffered depressions and the heights of Arak and Ashtian came up in parallel. The soil of this region is composed of marl and clay and for this reason, it softens in wet and rainy weather.
The annual rainfall of the lagoon is about 354 and the evaporation rate is 1.446 mm. The hot and dry Mediterranean climate of Arak Miqan Wetland has caused the evaporation rate to be four times higher than the annual rainfall. It has a high annual temperature difference, which sometimes reaches 69 degrees Celsius. Indiscriminate human interference in the condition of Miqan wetland during the last 27 years has caused the temperature to increase by one degree. According to the article, “Where is Miqan Wetland?” Flights are canceled in winter.
The water supply sources of the wetland consist of Qara Kahriz, Farahan and wine rivers as well as rainfall. The amount of effluent entering the wetland annually is about 31 cubic millimeters and this wetland in the rainy seasons and in dry seasons in the form of swamps and salt marshes. According to the article Where is Miqan Wetland, note that the salts in the wetland disinfect the water entering the area. In recent years, the level of groundwater aquifers in the region has dropped by 13 meters, which increases the risk of salinization of groundwater.
Main plant species Miqan desert There are three types, which are species of astragalus, Wheatgrass and watercress. There are about 50 species of plants in this area that are compatible with saline environment. Vegetation around the margin of the lagoon is very poor and only in parts of the northwest and the middle islands where the groundwater aquifer is high, there are plant species Atriplex and Qarah Dagh, whose stagnation decreases due to evaporation and transpiration of surface plants. They cover the hill like an umbrella. According to the article on the condition of Miqan wetland, you should know that these plants, along with their growth, prevent the movement of sand particles and cause the formation of nebka in the desert region.
Hearing the chirping of birds and the singing of birds in this area gives tourists a sense of beauty. The population of the common tern in this area is significant compared to other habitats of this bird. Therefore, it can be said that the wetland is an important habitat for the tern. There are about 11,000 pieces of common derna, 10,000 pieces of khotka and 50,000 pieces of flamingos in this area, and a type of single-celled algae called do nalila, which due to the absorption of beta-carotene in its cells, changes color to orange-yellow. Turns red.
It is said that one of the main reasons for the increase in animal species in Arak’s Miqan wetland is the presence of Artemia in the wetland. During its reproductive period, Artemia releases 40 eggs into the water due to the increase in the concentration of salts in the water, changes in temperature, as well as changes in the amount of oxygen, during which the eggs grow to the gastrointestinal stage. Artemia is a food for birds and is virgin. In the lagoon, many animals such as wolves, foxes, snakes and birds such as eagles are visible and have given a special beauty to the area.
The amount of mineral reserves is 133 million tons with a grade of 33.88%, which is used in the production of detergents, toothpaste and textile and glass cleaners. If you plan to stay in the lagoon, you should spend the night in the villages around the lagoon. Arak Miqan Wetland has a valuable complex that, if placed next to each other, will create a linguistic complex for nature tourism.