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More charming than Ganj Ali Khan Kerman collection!

More charming than Ganj Ali Khan Kerman collection!

The Safavids did not seem to want to step back in architecture and development. It is from Naghsh Jahan Square in Isfahan and Aali Qapo Palace and this is from Ganjali Khan Kerman collection which both During the Safavid period, they were the rulers of Shah Abbas.

It is true that Ganjali Khan Square is not bigger than Naghsh Jahan Square in Isfahan; After all, he was one of the king’s minions, but the courtyard of this complex is not crowded there, and it was the cheers of the bazaar and the sound of coins being minted in ancient times that the beating heart of one of the Places of Kerman to Alibaba Tourism Magazine wants it today Say.

Where is Ganja Ali Khan Collection in Kerman?

Iran, Kerman province, Kerman city, near Shohada Square, between Imam main street and Shariati street, Ganj Ali Khan square, Ganj Ali Khan historical complex

What parts does the Ganj Ali Khan collection consist of?

Bazaar, mosque, school and caravanserai, bath, mint, water tank

Who built the Ganjali Khan Collection?

Ganj Ali Khan, one of the rulers of Kerman during the reign of Shah Abbas

Ganjali Khan Kerman at a glance

It seems that whatever the principles of architecture and engineering were in the history of Iran, the Safavids traveled and did not pick up or drop off, they dismantled the Ganjali Khan complex in Kerman, which has become 11,000 square meters in the center of Kerman and on the outskirts of the bazaar, Ganjali Khan Bazaar And make the big market of Kerman more attractive.

His yard has 4 rectangular gardens that I feel like they are aligned with the line so as not to mess with the garden side by side. The pool of its circle, if it were not for it, I would have read the Fateha of Iranian architecture and left.

The wall and entrance paintings in this collection also catch your eye like a magnet. Sultan Mohammad was one of the Yazdi architects who showed the urban infrastructure of that time by building the Ganjali Khan complex.

مجموعه گنجعلی خان کرمان

This collection has now become one of the historical attractions of Kerman to do so much with our hearts that watching it is enough for us forever.

Who is Ganjali Khan?

Ganjali Khan was one of the commanders of the Safavid era who, until Shah Abbas ordered him to come and go, he was one of the governors and rulers of Kerman. He who built this large and huge complex instead of today’s sheds, as usual, like any other who puts his name on any constructed building, he also put his name and logo on the collection of Ganjali Khan in Kerman.

Ganjali Khan’s 30 years of honest service in Kerman can not be considered only as a mere development of Kerman, because as soon as he kept politics, economy and society in balance, it is general. However, his most prominent works are his architectures, especially in this collection.

گنجعلی خان چه کسی بود؟

He, who had not lost sight of the construction of wide buildings, from 1005 to 1034 AH (975 to 1003 AH), collection He named Ganjali Khan after himself, which is a very healthy building. Of course, some of its buildings were destroyed, especially when Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, one of the same Qajar people who had neither the eyes of the Safavids and their architecture nor was pleased with them, destroyed many of the buildings of this period.

What sections are in Ganjali Khan’s collection?

Before you take Ganjali Khan’s bath and mosque with its various sections to tell its square and school, let me mention two hours, one of which is in the shape of a circle on the porch in blue and yellow. It is said that its yellowness has remained somewhere since the Qajar period, and that one hour is the same as the solar or sundial clock, which shows the time of Kerman city with the shadow of an arrow.

معماری مجموعه گنجعلی خان

Now let’s go to the parts of Ganjali Khan Kerman collection, all of which are textures The cities of this province in those distant times were gathered in the city of Kerman. I do not want to constantly mention the name of their architect on each of these sections because one person got up and built all these buildings: Sultan Mohammad.

School and Caravanserai

School not; It had become one of the famous seminaries of Kermani, with four porches and four arches open to students. As soon as you look at the east side of the square, it was first a school and then a seminary and then an inn. That is, the school and caravanserai were built in the years 1007 to 1021 AH (977 to 991 AH), which was favored by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar and ruined.

Oh, let’s tell God what a card he’s, strange man I saw, I can no longer bear to curse him. Of course, if you ask him how he is, he is fine and at least he is thankful that he has now left the seminary and caravanserai of the Faculty of Arts of Bahonar University of Kerman. The blue, yellow and red patterns and colors inside the caravanserai also amazed me.

مدرسه گنجعلی خان کرمان
Photo from: ITTO site

Ganjali Khan Caravanserai with paintings and The blue and white colors and the brown colors of the entrance door and the inside walls, became the place of departure of travelers whose hearts were tired and exhausted. He had come home and to relieve their tiredness, they would come and bite bread and meat, wet their lips, and then leave.

The date of 1007 AH (977 AH) can be seen from an inscription on the tiles of this caravanserai, which again Agham Mohammad Khan Qajar stuck his tail to another Safavid architecture and did not recognize the insider and the rest of the story. You know. Finally, there were those who registered Ganjali Khan School and Caravanserai in the national monuments of Iran on December 20, 1316.

جاهای دیدنی کرمان
Photo from: Istock site


Ganjali Khan Mosque, with its simple porch view and geometric designs on plaster, is not as big as many old and new mosques, inside and outside, and it was just the caravanserai prayer hall and the adjacent school. However, its decorations with carvings, plastering, calligraphy and carvings are so enchanting that we forget that it is narrow or narrow.

The nave of the mosque with its paintings, plasterwork, moqarnaskari, and its porches and entrances, no matter how small, have a purity that fascinates both you and your madman; Crazy. This mosque on the northeastern side of the square had not left the people of Kerman since 1007 AH (977 AH).

مسجد گنجعلی خان
Photo from: Mitdome site

A narrow corridor has been built after the entrance of the mosque porch, which anyone can enter to enter if anyone is upset. They fall in love with each other. Let us look at the paintings above the Ganjali Khan Mosque, whose dome was as bright as it could be; 12 skylights that bring light to the mosque and change the air.

It was as if the travelers of the caravanserai or the school filled their hearts to offer their prayers in this mosque and go about their lives. Of course, this mosque was not the only one. It is said that there were 4 mosques around the square, but unfortunately one of them seemed to have melted underground and the other 3 are still a way for people to get around.

سقف و نقش و نگار
Photo from: Irantravel site

The floor of the porch of the mosque is stone and the stone inscription on its wooden entrance is decorated with sentences that must refer to Shah Abbas:” Thank you From the government of Shah Abbas, who became the world from his justice to paradise, Ganjali Khan became in Saba “The founder of this mosque is obedient nature.” The altar of the mosque with its marble slab and its vase and coquettish role does not go as far as it goes.

But this mosque no longer has its old Safa, where people prayed in congregation or individually and their situation was settled. Because it has gone through a difficult period of reconstruction and restoration that can now only be looked at and sighed. One of the mosques where prayers are no longer offered is from the Kerman Museum of Decorative Arts. There was a white sangab at the entrance of Ganjali Khan Mosque, with which they both wet their lips and performed ablutions by hand to pray.


As if she were the sister-in-law of Naghsh Jahan Square in Isfahan, she wanted to make herself bigger and bigger in the center of the city and the outskirts of the bazaar, 101 meters long and 50 meters wide, than to build a mosque, bazaar, caravanserai and bath around the guest. Himself. Maybe that’s why he has attached himself to the big market to let the world know that he has a big heart.

میدان گنجعلی خان
Photo from: IranParadise site

However, in terms of size, it is the little finger of Naghsh Jahan Square Not so, but we are ourselves; What tiles, brick ponds and arches, became the green space that pervades the trunk of Naghsh Jahan Square. This square is one of the squares on which it can be said that the complete and explicit principles of urban planning of the Iranian square lie. The urban elements around it are standing and pious of the same urban features that were built in 1020 (990 AH).


I love the old pavilion and indoor markets, of which there are many examples in my house, Iran. From Mashhad Grand Bazaar, Tabriz Grand Bazaar to Kerman Grand Bazaar. Ganjali Khan Bazaar, which is one of the longest with only 18 shops, was built in 1005 AH (975 AH) to turn the wheel of its people. There is also a goldsmith’s market in Caesarea.

You can read more about Iranian traditional markets . بازار گنجعلی خان Skip. Its arches and brick architecture and stained glass have not abandoned the originality of Iranian architecture. There are half and half markets in the big market of Kerman, where every kingdom came and ordered the construction of one. This bazaar with 16 arches, 93 meters long and 75.5 meters wide, has placed itself between Chaharsooq or Chaharsoo Optional Bazaar, where the Optional Bazaar is the fourth part of Kerman Grand Bazaar, and until the first Bazaar Vakil has been drawn. How great. That is to say, if I say that a thousand people can be given a place there, I have not said it in vain.


«کسی نداده نشان در جهان چنین حمام» را روی کتیبه‌ای با خط خوش‌نگار نسعتطیق روی سنگ خوش‌رنگ و روح‌نواز مرمر سبز حک شده است. نمی‌دانم چرا رنگ درودیوار حمامش به سفیدی کفِ موج‌ها و آبیش به رنگ دریاست، اما از همان سال 1020 (990 هجری شمسی) که سلطان محمد، معمار یزدی 1300 متر مربعش را ساخت، آرامشی هدیه می‌دهد که مرا یاد حمام‌های سنتی می‌اندازد.

همان حمام‌هایی که صدای مشت‌ومال دلاکان از آن طرف می‌پیچید و می‌رفت تا تن لاغر اندام‌هایی را بلرزاند که می‌خواستند برای اولین بار استخوان نداشته‌شان را نرم کنند و خودشان را قاطی مردان درشت هیکلی کنند که دل‌شان ماساژ نه، هوس مشت‌ومال‌های سنگینی می‌کرد. من خودم از همان باریک‌مردانی هستم که طاقش را ندارم. حمام گنجعلی خانSome nice large columns held this balcony or porch of the bathroom porch so that the water did not move in anyone’s heart, but where are the bathrooms today and where are the bathrooms of yesterday. How great they were; When you bring it up, it can be 26 meters long, 30 meters wide and 1300 square meters. That is, the whole changing room, the treasury, the pool pit, the private sector, the entrance hall, the entrance, and all of them were in the bathroom, and it still adds space.

In that corner of the bathroom, there is a large marble slab the height of tall mirrors and the light of red amber color in the bathroom of this complex is attached to the wall that draws sunlight from outside into the bathroom so that the bathrooms do not lose time.

حمام Do you remember we mentioned Mogharnas in the article of Qapo High Palace? Here, too, it is found that plastering, tiling, and stone decorations beset us. The plaster decorations on the ceiling and the entrance of Ganjali Khan’s bath show well that they do not match the excellent decorations of the Safavid period. Of course, we have nothing to do with some of the paintings that have survived from the Safavid era and have been restored. However, the Qajar period painters have also learned the art of driving us crazy, which has been drawn on Safavid paintings and decorations.

His paintings, from Khosrow and Shirin to Bahram Gour on the wall, are so storytelling that they do not need a narrator or a preposition, only the heart and the penetrating gaze. In the corner of Ganjali Khan’s bathing rooms, there were mats that were tucked in front of your feet so that the other side of the bath would dry out your body water.

حمام گنجعلی خان

Shyness should be seen at a time when the dressing room or closet does not allow you to consciously and unconsciously see someone’s privacy. This dressing room takes you to a small porch and port where you can picture seabirds to prepare your mood for a bath. Each pavilion had its own pond and fountain.

Henna, basin, lame, shoulder, mirror and foot stone also have their place. It was as if self-purification was self-evident, and various debates were prioritized. The “flower cup” or “suspension” lets sunlight into the bath, and the “flower pot” retains the sun’s heat and water vapor.

جاهای دیدنی کرمان

Every day, except on holidays, we have to see the bathroom and make it the headline of our dirty baths, which were clean and self-contained at that time. It has been 60 years that no one has hit the water and the sound of water no longer comes and they have filled the sea with the Anthropological Museum of Kerman.

The restoration of this bath was undertaken by the Kerman Cultural Heritage Office in 1347 and on May 16, 1347, it was nationally registered. Now it is the tourist to the tourist who puts their foot on the right side of the greenhouse to see the wax sculptures that the Faculty of Fine Arts of Tehran designed in 1973 to show the atmosphere of those days. But I still feel that his sculptures are ashamed in front of tourists and are not very comfortable. Unhealthy here is another bath. But I think this bath is no longer a bath.

حمام مجموعه

Copper Market

From east-west to north-south, from the same entrance of Ganjali Khan complex to the very beginning of the financial hat market, come forward, from the Safavid period, it has continued wall to wall until today. This market, which once had no place to throw needles, has now become a museum where as soon as you enter it, your feet turn to the pleasant sound of copper utensils that make you drunk and alert.

بازار مسگری


Ganjali Khan and party game! Of course, he did not know the name of his reservoir, he did not know what to put it, what to say or not to do, he put the name of his son, Alimardan Khan, on the reservoir of his collection, which we did not get. Let me say that the architecture of Ab Anbar is good; Stepped vestibule with its square and rectangular plan tank. It was built in 1209 AH (1173 AH) and the water of the city and the merchants were watered by its blessings.

This reservoir is located right in front of the caravanserai of this complex where the water of the city staggers. The entrance of Ganjali Khan Reservoir was also masonry and tiling, which was finally registered in the national monuments on June 17, 1347.

آب انبار


The four-arched mint with its plaster shines in the shape of a false brick on the north side of the square. As if they had put everything in the Ganjali Khan complex, they also built a mint in the years 1007 to 1021 AH (977 to 1004 AH) to add to it the sound of minting coins of the Safavid period to inject the enthusiasm of life into the people of that time.

This mint also became the most valuable coin museum in Iran since 1991. If you go inside, you can imagine the sound of coins being minted. Safavid coins have their place, many ancient coins before and after Safavid can be found there that take you back to the Parthian, Sassanid, Zandian, Qajar and Pahlavi periods.


The best time to visit Ganjali Khan

Summer is wasted by heat and winter by cold. But it is spring and Nowruz that bring the purity of the collection to its peak days and take us to those years.

Working hours of Ganjali Khan historical complex

The sections that have been turned into museums have to be entered, and the total time you have to leave to watch the collection from garlic to onions takes about two hours. Every day, except for the holidays, you are eager and entertained.

گنجعلی خان کجاست؟

Where is Ganjali Khan Collection?

Text address: Iran, Kerman province, Kerman city, near Shohada Square, between Imam Main Street and Shariati Street, beginning of Kerman Bazaar, Ganj Ali Khan Square, Ganj Ali Khan Historical Complex

Ganjali Khan collection on Google Map

Access route to Ganjali Khan

As soon as your heart fills so that your eyes fall on the historical attractions of Kerman to be enchanted, see the Ganjali Khan complex near the Martyrs’ Square. This complex is located between the two main streets of Imam and Shariati Street, and at the bus station you can take a bus and a car and find yourself on Shariati Street, where the Ganjali Khan complex awaits you.

مسیر دسترسی به گنجعلی

Ganj Ali Khan collection is one of the same prophecies

Ganjali Khan Complex is one of the sights and historical attractions of Kerman that is heartwarming and invigorating. If you do not have the opportunity to go to Isfahan and see Naghsh Jahan Square or Imam Square, this complex, with everything it has, will take you from its square, mosque, caravanserai and mint. In this article, we talked about the architecture and paintings on the walls of the collection, its comprehensiveness and completeness. But again, reading was like seeing. Go and see.

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