Pasargad is one of the most memorable buildings from the Achaemenid period, which is of great historical and cultural importance for us Iranians. According to historical records and studies, historians believe that the city was built by order of Cyrus the Great and the tomb of this great king is located in the same area. The mysterious atmosphere, splendor and attractions of Pasargad have attracted many tourists and enthusiasts to visit this area throughout the year. If you are planning to travel to Pasargad Shiraz, it is not bad to read its audio before leaving. Join us at Alibaba Tourism Magazine .
Where is Pasargad Shiraz?
This city is located between Isfahan and Shiraz and at a distance of 21 km from Saadat Shahr.
When is the best time to visit Pasargad Shiraz?
Spring and autumn are the best time to visit this historical area and you can see its grandeur and glory without any problems during this period.
What are the access routes to Pasargad Shiraz?
You must first leave Shiraz for Marvdasht and enter Saadatshahr Highway, Safa Shahr. By continuing this route, you will reach Murghab plain. From the slopes of this plain, you can see the tomb of Cyrus and the ruins of Pasargadae.
What are the different parts of Pasargad Shiraz?
Mosque, royal garden fountain, royal garden, gate palace, public bar palace, private palace, fire temple, two pavilions, Cambyses tomb and Mozaffari caravanserai
Pasargad Shiraz from the past to the present
The city of Pasargad, or as the famous saying goes, the city of Suleiman, is located in the region between Isfahan and Shiraz. During the Achaemenid period, this city was a magnificent garden with two Persian palaces and halls with huge columns. Just like the beautiful palaces you see in old movies. This old complex is a monument remembered from the Achaemenid period and is located in Pasargad city of Fars province.
Pasargad complex includes structures such as mosque structures, royal garden fountain, royal garden, gate palace, public bar palace, private palace, fire temple, two pavilions, Cambyses tomb and Mozaffari caravanserai. Certainly the tomb of Cyrus is one of the main tourist attractions of this complex. In the past, this place was known as Mashhad, the mother of Suleiman.
Pasargad vast tourist area, in 2004, was registered as the fifth place in the list of national monuments. Pasargad plain dates back to the Paleolithic period. This area is located 130 km north of Shiraz. Historical books state that Cyrus the Great ordered the construction of the city of Pasargadae. Evidence shows that the city of Pasargadae was the first capital of the Achaemenid rule. The main area of the city is 160 hectares and is surrounded by a large plain.
From the 7th century, the tomb of Cyrus was known as Mashhad, the mother of Solomon, and with the seven-meter-long stones used in its construction, it was initially located among the royal gardens. In the tenth century, a mosque was built around it, where prayers were offered until the 14th century. Unfortunately, due to the high number of passengers and the lack of adequate protection of the area, the components of this city have been destroyed over time.
Where did the name Pasargad come from and what is its name?
Despite the fact that about 200 years have passed since the renaming of Dasht-e Murghab to Pasargad Shiraz, the main reason for this renaming is still unknown and there are many discussions and disagreements in this regard. One of the first to comment on this was Herodotus, who said in his book that “Pasargadi” was the name of the most important Persian tribe and tribe from which the Achaemenids descended.
After that Katzias, Greek physician Darius II and Ardashir II of the Achaemenid dynasty used the name “Capital of Cyrus” and since he lived in Iran, it can be hoped that he was familiar with this name. On the other hand, among the writings of experts, it can be concluded that the original name of Pasargad was something similar to “Pasrgad” which is derived from the name of the Persian royal tribe meaning “expensive” and has nothing to do with the word Pars.
In general, there is no consensus on the name of Pasargad and various words such as Parsian fortress, Parsian settlement, Parseh throne, Parsian habitat, the old city of Iran and the capital of Cyrus the Great have been used for it.
Places of interest in Pasargad Shiraz
As mentioned, this city is located relatively far from Shiraz and to reach it you have to go a long way. Contrary to popular belief, Pasargadae is not the only tomb of Cyrus and there are many palaces around it. However, the most important building in this city is this magnificent and attractive tomb.
The buildings built in the city of Pasargad have been destroyed over time and are not in good condition due to the lack of kindness of the officials. Of course, it goes without saying that some buildings have been under renovation over the past few years. Around this city, tree planting, lawn planting and landscaping have been done, which has been able to restore the beauty and good mood of Pasargad to a large extent.
On a trip to Pasargadae, this historic city that has important days of ancient Iran in its heart, in addition to the tomb of Cyrus the Great, you will encounter many sights. Although its capital has not been taken care of as it deserves the glorious history of Iran in the time of Cyrus the Great, it still has its splendor. In the following, we will talk about some of the sights of Pasargad Shiraz.
Tomb of Cyrus the Great
consists of two main parts. The first part is its stairs. The first three steps are one meter high and the second three steps are half a meter high. After that, the second part or the main building of the tomb is located. There are also two large holes on the roof of the tomb to reduce the pressure on the roof and increase the life of the building. The whole building, which is about 11 meters high, is made of cut stone blocks that have been put together without any mortar. Interestingly, these blocks are placed next to iron bundles.
The construction of the tomb of Cyrus is at the same time very admirable, magnificent, attractive and respectable, which attracts the attention of every viewer at first sight.
Royal Garden Collection
The royal garden is the royal garden that formed the bulk of the Pasargadae complex. This garden was a great innovation at the time of its construction. The garden was inspired by the royal gardens of India and the gardens of the Safavid period. The extent, size and design of the royal garden is such that it shows that in its heyday it was a garden with large colorful trees and flowers. The royal garden was irrigated by the method of water circulation in the fountains and waterways of the garden and passing through rocky streams. In addition to helping to irrigate the green space of the royal garden, these fountains were used as statues and statues to make the garden more beautiful. There were also two pavilions on either side of the garden, which were used to relax and watch the paradise-like beauty of the garden.
Shiraz Pasargad Private Palace
Another magnificent building of the Pasargadae complex is its private palace, which is located 1300 meters northeast of the tomb of Cyrus. This old and large palace is made of a central hall, two gates and two east and west porches with a beautiful view in front of it. According to historical findings and research, this palace seems to have been used as the residence and residential house of Cyrus the Great.
The decorations of this building, although simple, are very beautiful and eye-catching. The reliefs of the main and side gates of this palace show the image of the king with his servant, who is wearing a very magnificent royal costume. In a part of the architecture of this palace, there is a stone inscription on which is written in cuneiform and in Persian and Babylonian languages: “I am Cyrus, the Achaemenid king.”
Gate Palace is another building in this complex, which is located to the east. This palace, like other buildings in the complex, is now in ruins. The roof of this building with eight columns 16 meters high has been placed in its place, but now there are no traces of them, but these huge columns announce the glory and grandeur of the building. There are two main doors and two side doors in this palace. Also, two rooms with a height of 9 meters are considered on both sides of the main entrance of the gate palace, which is the place where the guards are present.
On the north side of the building is a picture of a winged man praying, which can be said to be one of the few surviving designs of the beauty of this building.
Public Palace or Cyrus Reception Palace
This palace is located in the northern part of the Pasargad complex. A palace with a large hall and eight columns, four porches, two rooms and several other sections, each of which has its own splendor. Unfortunately, only one of the eight pillars of this palace remains intact, which is about 10 meters high. After many damages to this complex during the Atabakan period, the other pillars of the public palace were moved there to build a mosque around the tomb of Cyrus.
The main hall of the public palace has four entrances to its four porches. The gates and columns of the hall were made of black stone in their time and designs of human and eagle feet were engraved on it. The closed-plan designs in this palace seem to have been inspired by the meaning and designs of other nations.
Now, visitors can buy tickets and visit different parts of the area by taking tickets. There are many guides in Pasargadae and they will provide you with complete information about it. Most of the mentioned parts of this city have been turned into ruins and only ruins of them are left as a relic. However, the splendor of Pasargadae can still not be ignored.
Is the tomb of Cambyses in Persepolis or Pasargadae?
In the middle of the plain that bears the place of Iranian history, namely Pasargad Shiraz, there is a building known as the tomb of Cambyses or Suleiman’s prison. Cambyses was the eldest son of Cyrus the Great, who was king of Babylon during the reign of his father. After the death of Cyrus, he succeeded his father and, along with the conquest of Egypt and his conquests, established order and security in the country.
There are differences of opinion about the real tomb of Cambyses. Some believe that the building of Persepolis, which is located four kilometers north of Persepolis, was intended for his tomb, and some believe that the stone monuments between Persepolis and the role of Rostam called Persepolis Gohar is the tomb of Cambyses. Meanwhile, many people, according to the inscription in the stone ruins of Suleiman Prison in Pasargad, declare this place to be the real tomb of Cambyses.
This tomb, which dates back to the Achaemenid period, is a square and tower-like structure that stands on the sides of 27.7 by 23.7 with a height of 14 meters on a platform of three A staircase has been built and only one wall remains. To maintain this single wall, scaffolding made by Izmeo Group in 1349 has been used.
The use of this building was of great importance in the time of Cyrus and from the point of view of architecture and art, it has its own subtleties because the stones of each row of the building are placed on top of each other in a way that it is difficult to distinguish the distance between them. For this reason, it is considered as a masterpiece of Achaemenid engineers.
This work has been inscribed on the World Heritage List as a prison building and is also known as a fire temple from the time of Cyrus the Great.
Meanwhile, Ali Sami, who was responsible for the reconstruction of the tomb of Cyrus, justified such a decision by stating that the construction of this mosque was not architecturally important. However, assuming this is true, according to the Universal Charter of Venice for the protection of historical monuments, no layer or historical figure should be removed in favor of another figure, but unfortunately due to the recklessness of the authorities, this historical monument was destroyed.
This mosque is also known as Atabaki Mosque or Mother Suleiman Mosque.
Pasargad Mosque on Google Map
Pasargad hill from Arg to Ganj house
In the north of Pasargad, Shiraz, on the surface of a 50-meter-high hill that dominates the Pasargad plain, you will encounter a 15-meter-high stone building that is the site of the royal citadel and is known as Tal Takht. Due to its importance, the most skilled architects and stonemasons have been used to build its walls. But due to the sudden death of Cyrus the Great, its construction remained unfinished.
About eight years after Cyrus’ death, Darius made minor changes to the plan, and after blocking its two large staircases with clay, turned it into a treasure trove, which was unfortunately looted years later by Alexander the Great’s troops.
The fort consists of various sections such as columned halls, rooms, platforms and barns that were discovered by archaeologists about 30 years ago. It is also called Tel Takht, the fortress of Darius or the throne of Solomon’s mother.
Persepolis on Google Map
Winged man lithograph, the most beautiful role of Pasargadae
On the rest of the northeastern gate of Pasargad, Shiraz, you will encounter a lithograph of a winged human with a height of 2.9 meters, which is the healthiest and most beautiful role in Pasargad. In the role of this stone, you see a man with a thick beard, a long robe and a crown on his head that has four wings around him. At the top of the winged man is a beautiful crown with a wild ram on its long, twisted branches, surrounded by two snakes on either side of the crown.
Unfortunately, due to the fact that the stone is cut superficially, many details of it have been lost over time and weather conditions. However, it is good to know that on it there is a trilingual inscription “I am Cyrus the Achaemenid king” on which there are differences of opinion. Some scholars refer to this statue as the statue of Cyrus because of this writing, but other historians state that this sentence may refer to the creator of the statue and not the statue itself.
Interestingly, the culture and art of different nations that were at the top at that time were used to make this statue. For example, the crown of lithography is taken from Egyptian culture and its three classes are taken from the cultural triad of good speech, good deed and good thought. Also, long clothes from Ilam culture and petroglyph wings are rooted in Assyrian culture.
In 1342, another remnant of Pasargad Shiraz was discovered. 150 meters west of the Gate Palace, two limestone walls with five rows of three columns in between were seen, resembling the remains of a bridge.
Not much information is available about this bridge, but it seems that it was built on the waterways that branched off from the Pluvar River, but there is no definite opinion about the time of its construction, and some believe that because the gate was not built in the direction of the entrance, Probably related to the late Achaemenid period or even later.
Pasargad Bridge on Google Map
Pasargad Holy Shrine
Among the national monuments registered in Pasargard, Shiraz, there is a case called the holy site, which is located in the area of 1200 meters northwest of Pasargard. Behind the rocky hills overlooking the plain, you will reach Denji area, where there are two white stone platforms and a rectangular hill.
According to studies, these stone platforms were built in the time of Cyrus and as fireplaces for religious rituals and ceremonies. The inside of both platforms is empty and looks like a chamber. One of them is 16.2 meters high and has 8 steps that apparently kings and nobles used to climb and pray in front of the fire. The smaller platform is less than the other and is about 10.2 meters high.
120 meters west of the fireplaces, there is a structure of clay and stone that over time has become like a hill. This hill has a five-story structure, the first four of which are made of stone and the last of which is made of clay. According to studies, it can be concluded that this structure was used next to fireplaces for religious ceremonies or sacrifices.
Pasargad sanctuary on Google Map
Narrow passage or hunting ground
In the southwestern part of the Pasargad ancient complex in Shiraz, there is a gorge 12 km long. This strait, through which the Pluvar River flows, is one of the oldest passages in the region. Of course, in the past, due to crossing the river and dense trees and forest space, it was not possible to cross the gorge and the only way to cross it was the narrow path that existed at the foot of the mountain.
The Bolaghi Strait has been considered by many people for many years, and the reason for this importance is not only that it is old, but there are other reasons as well. For example, during the Achaemenid period, it connected the centers of the Achaemenid Empire, and in recent years, due to its climate, river crossing and vegetation, it has been home to various species of wild animals and birds. Of course, due to the reckless hunting and recklessness in this case, less wildlife is seen there these days.
Rhetoric on Google Map
Mozaffari Caravanserai in Pasargad, Shiraz
100 meters north of the tomb of Cyrus in Pasargad, Shiraz, there is a building known as Mozaffari Caravanserai. Of course, there are differences in its use, whether it is an inn or a school. However, in his book, Mostofi Yazdi explicitly introduces it as an in.
100 meters north of the tomb of Cyrus in Pasargad, Shiraz, there is a building known as Mozaffari Caravanserai. Of course, there are differences in its use, whether it is an inn or a school. However, in his book, Mostofi Yazdi explicitly introduces it as an inn.
Mozaffari Inn on Google Map
Architectural features of Pasargad
This city has a special and unique architecture in its time and by stepping into it, you will realize this to a great extent. Archaeological evidence suggests that Cyrus intended not only to overlook the garden, but also to observe green areas outside the garden.
Materials such as stone, brick, clay and wood have been used in the construction of buildings in the ancient region of Pasargad. Raw clay was intended for filling wall cavities and laying on platforms. Wood was also used to cover the roof of the building; In some parts, thick trunks of cypress trees have been used. Interestingly, the mortar of these materials was a kind of natural bitumen that prevented the penetration of water.
The bricks of the structures of Pasargad complex are 45 cm long, 22 cm wide and 5.5 cm in diameter. Also, materials such as limestone and black marble were used to build this city, but the percentage of their use was lower than other materials.
The last stage of Pasargad construction and architecture reaches its decorative stones. For the beauty of the outer layer of Pasargad buildings, white limestone like marble, hard blue stone and black stone have been used. Although the two limestones of marble and blue remain intact, the texture of the black stone used in this architecture is completely disintegrated.
Weather conditions and the best time to visit Pasargad
Note that the closer you get to late autumn, the more likely it is that the weather will get colder and rainier, so it is best to choose October or November to visit this area. 7 Aban Every year, many people go to Pasargadae to pay their respects to Cyrus the Great. You can also point with a double arrow at this time and in addition to going to the tomb of this great king, you can also visit other parts and sights of Pasargad.
Cost and hours of visiting Pasargad Shiraz
This city is one of the main areas for those interested in the culture of Iran for many years. If you want to visit the city of Pasargadae, you have to go to this historical area between 8 and 17:30 in winter and 8 to 19 in summer. The cost of visiting Pasargad in the spring of 1400 per person has been announced as 5000 Tomans. Foreign tourists have to pay 50,000 Tomans to visit this city.
Where is Pasargad Shiraz?
This area is about 82 km from Persepolis and 135 km from the center of Shiraz. Pasargad region is very famous in the world and many people from all over the world travel to Fars province to see it. On the way from Isfahan to Shiraz, at a distance of 21 km from Saadatshahr, you will reach a side road. This road is 4 km long and at the end of it, you will reach the historical complex of Pasargad.
Pasargad Shiraz address in Google Map
If you travel to this ancient region and capital, do not forget to take all your soul and senses. A trip to Pasargad Shiraz will be the best experience provided that when you are in the area, you can understand the past glory of the building, the flow of life and the hidden power behind the architecture and its grandeur.
If you have traveled to this beautiful plain, let us know what you think about it.