Salt pans are not always meant to be small dishes on the table; I know of a 6 km saltworks which is called Qeshm salt cave. We have all thought at least once about the course of land delivery and the sea becoming land. If you are one of the people who are interested in this subject, you will undoubtedly enjoy Qeshm Salt Cave.
I have strong ideas. When I went to the Qeshm Salt Cave, I thought that this cave had never been discovered and that nature was forming the salt rocks and rocks inside the cave with the utmost delicacy. On earth, man is the only being who can comprehend beauty and art.
Nature thought how unfortunate it is that man has not seen this work of art yet and may never see it. But the salt cave was more beautiful than to be overlooked, so the salt dome was set aside and removed from the path of this magnificent cave so that geologists could discover this attraction and show it to all human beings.
Where is Qeshm Salt Cave?
This cave is located 90 km from Qeshm Island, near the south coast.
What are the interesting features of Qeshm Salt Cave?
This cave is the longest salt cave in the world, which has very old chandeliers, astalagmites and astalagmites with unique and attractive shapes.
When is the best time to visit Qeshm Salt Cave?
The best time to visit the cave is from mid-October to mid-April. The best time to visit is in the early hours of the day until a few hours before sunset.
In this article, I want to invite you to a virtual tour in one of the most attractive places in Qeshm.
Basic Tour Guide Description about Qeshm Salt Cave
The salt dome in which the salt cave is located is similar to the abandoned palace of the ancient kingdom, which is uniquely architectured! Ordinary tourists who do not have the skills of caving skills can not go to the depths of the cave, but as much as possible they can see the wonders of this salt palace.
Salt cave was discovered in 1998 with the cooperation of geologists from the Czech Republic and Shiraz University. Prior to its discovery, the cave was known in Palestine as the longest salt cave in the world. This shift in the record and registration of Qeshm Salt Cave as the longest salt cave in the world was the main reason for its world fame.
Different corridors of the decorated Qeshm Salt Palace
Inside the dome are different corridors of Qeshm Salt Cave, some of which reach a height of 20 meters. Some of these caves are used for tourism and others are used as salt mines. The third corridor of Qeshm salt cave is about 6.4 km long and is the main reason for the world fame of this cave; Because nowhere in the world has such a long salt cave been discovered.
The dimensions of the different corridors in the salt cave are different; In some corridors, even if you jump, you can not reach the ceiling lamps. But in some other corridors you have to sit or even lean forward. Of course, you do not need to choose the impassable corridors to visit, the tourist section of Qeshm salt cave is both beautiful and you can walk in it normally.
Visiting the first corridor of the cave is easy and you can walk in it; Public tourists visit this corridor. The second corridor has a path that must be crossed through the chest. If you want more adventure, you can also enter this corridor; But be prepared for small scratches and wounds, and if you do not have extra clothes, do not do it! The third corridor is also dedicated to cavers and is suitable for people whose head hurts for excitement and trouble!
Iran is not limited, and people from many countries, especially those interested in geology, come to visit throughout the year. Geologists are researching the salt rocks, rocks, stalagmites and stalagmites of this cave to discover the history of the earth and the story that our earth house has gone through.
The story of a salt cave found on land
As far as we know, the first days of Qeshm salt cave life go back to 570 million years ago (in the Canberra period); That is, long before the first dinosaurs appeared on Earth. At the time, Earth was the domain of the Trilobites, the ancestors of today’s arthropods.
Of course, the Qeshm Salt Cave also has younger chandeliers, some of which date back to 6 million years ago, when the evolutionary process for humans had just begun and our ancestors had begun to evolve.
The salt dome is made of igneous rocks and is a combination of salt and rock. Initially, the dome was formed in one layer; That is, there was no salt cave and no salt and candle decoration in it. But because the density of salt is lower than that of rock, for tens of thousands of years the salts rose above the rocky cliffs and in some places even carried the rocks with them. This slow motion was not aimless and was considered a natural way of working for sculpture and salting. In short, throughout the story of the formation of the salt cave, only the story of slowness, continuity and unparalleled patience of nature is narrated.
This cave is also a place for extracting table salt and It is medical and also used for tourism. Qeshm Salt Cave has been registered as a geosite in Qeshm Geopark and UNESCO has also announced its support for it. The good news about Qeshm Salt Cave is that if left unchanged, it can be independently inscribed on the World Heritage List. This cave was previously registered in the list of Iranian cultural heritage in 1390 with the number 173 as a natural monument.
Qeshm salt cave also has other letters
The salt cave is also known by other names such as 3N salt cave, Qeshm salt cave and the cave of three naked men. The story of the three naked men, later named after the cave, dates back to the early years of the attraction’s discovery and geologists’ efforts to map it. As we have said before, advancing to the bottom of the cave is a very difficult and challenging task and not everyone can handle it. But the problem is that every cave needs a map and humans must enter it to map it!
Three naked men were three Czech geologists who had to map the salt cave. They had to swim in saltwater streams to advance to the bottom of the cave, as there was no land route in some parts. But the water of the streams inside the cave was saturated with salt, and if they wanted to swim in these waters with their clothes, after a while, due to the deposition of salt, their clothes became stiff and inflexible and restricted their movements. For this reason, they were forced to swim naked in the waters of the cave, and this was the reason for naming the cave.
What you see while walking in Qeshm salt cave
Now the tour guide’s description of what happened to the salt cave in the past is over, and we can take in the sights of the cave. We only go to the beginning of the cave corridor 6,000 meters, but at the same amount there are a thousand attractions to see. Sunlight illuminates only the initial parts of the entrance, and after that nothing can be seen without a flashlight or the eyes of a cat!
Of course, you have to be prepared for bats to jump while watching the candles. Bats also live in Qeshm Salt Cave and they may surprise you when visiting the space! Try to be good guests for the bats and do not disturb them with too much light and noise.
The temperature inside the cave depends on when you are in this space, but it is usually a little cooler than the outside space. When you walk inside the cave, you feel the moisture and the combination of this moisture with salt creates a special smell; It smells like an old damp building that some people like and others don’t.
When walking in this cave, it is better to put your hands in your pockets and focus on your sense of sight. Because by touching the lamps, there is a possibility of them being damaged and falling; But no matter how much you look at them and enjoy them, they still do not move!
In the following, we will talk more about the spectacular attractions in Qeshm Salt Cave.
The entrance of Qeshm salt cave is located in the south of the dome. I love winter and snow, so when I first saw the entrance to the salt cave, I imagined a thin layer of snow sitting on a mountain. But it is almost impossible to snow in Qeshm in the fall, and what looked like snow was the salt deposits on the rocks. The entrance to the cave is large enough for groups to cross. After entering the cave, you should take a short walk to reach the corridors, chandeliers and other scenic parts.
Expect a humid atmosphere with a unique scent when you arrive. There may be small water holes in some parts of the earth. Be careful not to get wet! The cave walls look like all the other caves at the beginning of the entrance and you have to be a little patient to reach what is unique to Qeshm Salt Cave.
Ceiling Salt Lamps
Roof lamps are the first sights you will see as you progress through the cave. Of course, watching them completely requires flashlight light, because sunlight does not penetrate to this depth. By turning on the light of the flashlight, you will see the ceiling lamps better and you will create shadows for them, and the space will be a little more exciting and scary. If you’re a dreamer like me, you’ll like to think of shapes for chandeliers and their shadows.
Of course, you should also be prepared to jump bats while watching the chandeliers. Bats also live in Qeshm Salt Cave and they may surprise you when visiting the space! Try to be good guests for the bats and do not disturb them with too much light and noise.
If your hands or face suddenly get wet, do not look up in fear, it does not matter! Moisture settles inside the cave on the chandeliers, and since water is not absorbed by the chandeliers, the drops slip and drip. If the cave space is deserted and silent, the sound of droplets dripping into the cave space like movies and creates echoes.
Cave water flow
Salt water creek is another attraction of Qeshm salt cave and the thing that will attract your attention the most are the red parts of the spring bed. The bed of springs is composed of salt and mud deposits, which are also called refractory soils. It also has other compounds such as iron oxide and hematite, which is why it looks red. The water flow is sometimes so clear that the images are reflected. The reflection of chandeliers in the water multiplies the beauty of this tourist attraction in Qeshm.
These springs originate from different corners of the cave and can be seen everywhere, if you want to dip your hand in water, be careful. Because large amounts of salt dissolved in water can cause dry skin and cracking.
Salt streams and springs lead to white ponds in the heart The salt dome is located. This pond is full of water every day of the year and most of the salt water streams eventually reach it. The environment around this pond showed me that nature is not dependent on plants and greenery to show its beauty and beauty, and with salt and where not a single leaf grows, it can still create a unique landscape.
Stalactite and stalagmite in the cave
Stalactites and stalagmites are the same chandeliers that have formed on the walls, ceiling and floor of the cave and have different shapes. They are rarely seen from halfway. In some places, stalactite (ceiling lamps) and stalagmite (floor lamps) have joined together to form columns in the cave.
Some of these columns are in the path of passage and you have to rotate your body a little to be able to pass through them. When passing through the beautiful salt arrangements of Namkadan Cave, be careful not to let your head fall anywhere and be careful that your foot does not get stuck anywhere and do not fall!
One of the attractive features of the decoration of the corridors of the beautiful Qeshm Salt Palace is that its chandeliers and walls are not necessarily white. With a little care, you can count more than ten different colors among the rocks and salts of the cave. In short, this cave is built to walk in the middle, watch and enjoy.
The salts of the salt cave are both beautiful and rich
The salt stones in the cave and the dome of the salt shaker have healing properties due to the presence of compounds such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, zinc and manganese, and they are called medical salt. Consumption of this salt is not harmful even for pregnant women, people with high blood pressure and diabetes.
Breathing in the salty atmosphere of the cave is useful for patients with asthma and respiratory allergies and relieves their symptoms. To use this property, experts have introduced a drop of medical salt to clean the sinuses, lungs and nasal passages.
Consumption of this type of salt eliminates excess fat and swelling of the body; For this reason, professional athletes also use medical salt capsules among their supplements. In traditional medicine, there are many recommendations for the consumption of natural or medical salt, and what we hear about the harms of salt is related to refined industrial salts, whose minerals are lost in the refining process.
Visitors to Namakdan Cave are not limited to Iran, and people from many countries, especially those interested in geology, come to visit throughout the year. Geologists are researching the salt rocks, cliffs, stalagmites and stalagmites of this cave to discover the history of the earth and the story that our earth house has gone through.
The best time for a real tour in Qeshm salt cave
The best season to visit southern Iran is from mid-autumn to mid-April. During this period, the weather is similar to May in the central cities of Iran. Of course, you should also pay attention to the temperature difference between night and day, and if you go to Qeshm in winter, take warm clothes with you.
Another thing to keep in mind is that it gets dark early. This makes it difficult to visit natural attractions such as the Salt Cave, as the best time to visit the cave is when the weather is clear. In March and October, when the day is still longer, you can have a better experience of traveling and visiting the sights of Qeshm.
If you like to go to the sights of Qeshm when the passenger population is less, it is better to plan your schedule on non-holidays. For example, late March and Nowruz are a time when the crowds of travelers in the south of the country are very high and for people who prefer solitude, it is not a good time to travel.
What to look for when visiting a cave
- To visit the cave, you need a headlight or a strong flashlight, light food, a bottle of water and the necessary equipment. Do not overload your backpack.
- Too loose or too tight clothes are not suitable for visiting the cave. It is better to have an extra set of clothes with you.
- If you are not a caveman, do not enter the cave without guidance. Beware of salt chandeliers and stones, do not touch them, do not remove them and do not write anything on them.
- To enter the second and third corridors of Qeshm salt cave, you need caving equipment.
- All people without age restrictions can visit the first part of the first corridor. But the conditions of the second and third corridors are not suitable for public viewing.
- There are no recreational and tourism facilities near the cave, and you should get everything you need from the Qeshm commercial and residential area and take it with you.
- The cave is home to white bats and insects that may be a little annoying to visitors, especially sensitive people.
Qeshm Salt Cave has no entrance and for this reason, even if you go to this place in the middle of the night, no one will stop you, of course you should be ready to welcome the not so hot bats!
The best time to visit the Salt Cave is when the air is fully clear so that the sun illuminates part of the cave and the temperature is slightly higher. If you visit Qeshm Salt Cave with Tour Leader, this person will choose the best time of day to visit according to the season.
Where is Qeshm Salt Cave?
Qeshm Salt Cave is located 90 km from the city, in the southwestern part of the island and near the south coast. You can drive up to two kilometers to the cave, but then you have to walk 2 kilometers, which is not difficult if the weather is not too hot. Of course, there is a dirt road to Namakdan Cave, the address of which I will write in the next part.
You can see the location of Qeshm salt cave on the map below:
What is the access route to the cave?
There are two ways to reach the salt cave, which we have explained below.
Route 1: In Qeshm city, go to Ramkan and then reach Tanban. Then continue on your way to the drum. On the way to the north coast, cross the villages of Chaho and Darko. After that you will reach Gori village; Exit south of it and reach Kani village. From this village, there is a 10 km dirt road to Qeshm salt cave.
Route 2: The second route until reaching the drum is common with the first route. After that, you have to go south and reach Salkh village. There is a 22 km dirt road from this village to the salt cave.
last word; Southern Iran is one of the nature conservatories on earth
The confluence of the desert and the sea, the combination of rock and salt, the glow of plankton on the beach and a thousand other wonders I saw in southern Iran showed me that there is no need for life to always exist for beauty! The pleasure of visiting the provinces of Hormozgan and Sistan-Baluchestan reaches its peak when a person is knowledgeable and familiar with your guide area. If you go to visit alone, you will miss many sights due to ignorance.