Bathing has been very important in the past. In the past, it was not possible to have a bath in every house, and for this reason, every kingdom, with the beginning of its rule, tried to build a bath so that the people of its country could bathe in it safely. Many diseases are transmitted in the humid environment of the bath, and for this reason the good rulers were very obsessed with this building. If you want to get acquainted with one of the best baths in Iran and the peak of Zandieh’s masterpiece, follow me to the end of this article from Alibaba Tourism Magazine . In the following, I would like to introduce the Shiraz lawyer bath to you in full.
Where is the lawyer’s bathroom in Shiraz?
This historic bath is located at Shiraz, Taleghani Boulevard, on the west side of Vakil Bazaar.
What time is it in the lawyer’s bathroom?
In the first half of the year from 8:30 to 20:30 and in the second half from 7:30 to 19:30 you can visit the lawyer’s bathroom.
What are the sights in this bathroom?
This bathroom is all about beauty, but I can mention the treasury, the bathroom, the entrance, the walls full of paintings, the royal, the ruler, and وان as the most popular sights of the lawyer’s bath.
Shiraz lawyer bath in the twist of history
Karim Khan Zand ruled in Shiraz between 1172 and 1193 AH. He built many buildings in this city that we can still see. Among the buildings that can be built, there are mosques, bazaars, baths, water reservoirs, citadels, barracks, inns, and so on. Cited. Vakil Bath is one of the most beautiful buildings built by Karim Khan, whose exemplary paintings make it one of the most unique Shiraz sights Converted. Karim Khan Zand ordered the construction of this bath in 1187.
This building has an area of about 14000 square meters. Many artists from all over Iran came to Shiraz that year to paint various paintings on the walls of the baths. Of course, after Karim Khan, the kings also made changes to the structure of the Vakil bath in Shiraz to make it more beautiful.
This bath was open until the end of the second Pahlavi period, and parts of it had been turned into a grade bath and other parts into a zurkhaneh. In 1351, cracks were observed on the roof of this building, which was repaired and reconstructed by the Archaeological Department at that time. After the Islamic Revolution, this place was used as a restaurant and cafeteria, which caused a lot of damage to the building of the lawyer’s bath in Shiraz, and this caused the authorities to change its use to a museum. When you walk into this museum, you will see sculptures that wear the clothes of that time and show the way of dressing and the lifestyle of Zandieh era.
Vakil Shiraz bath has about 11,000 square meters of infrastructure, which due to its size, type of construction and interior decorations , Was one of the most important baths at that time. And today, its name has been registered with the number 917 in the list of national monuments. I can safely say that you can see designs like the drawings of this bath in the smallest building in the country.
Lawyer Bath Ceremonies
I’m sure you know that the bathroom used to be one of the places where people used to hold ceremonies. If I want to name most of the ceremonies that were held in Shiraz Vakil Bath, I should mention childbirth, acquaintance, courtship, Hanabandan and so on. Since the baths were large places and everyone visited them daily, there was a great desire to hold celebrations in these places. I guess some people living in the cities will remember these ceremonies!
A look at the architectural beauty of a lawyer’s bathroom
The real meaning of the proverb was to hear when you understand it, such as seeing, when after reading this article, you see the lawyer’s bathroom in Shiraz. I said it again, but I have to repeat that Vakil Bath is one of the masterpieces of Zandieh era that sees many people today. Artists have used limestone to decorate the interior of this building and have been able to turn it into a spectacular building with high skill.
You may be interested to know lime It has the power of resistance to moisture and for this reason, this material has been used instead of plaster to beautify the bathroom. Most of the limestone paintings you see in Vakil’s bath are reminiscent of the Zandieh era, but artists during the Qajar period drew drawings with this material that tell stories about the lifestyle, religion and customs of the people of Shiraz at that time. Existence of pictures of epic stories on the walls has made this bathroom incomparable with other old bathrooms!
How did the lawyer’s Shiraz bath get hot?
You can see the pavements on the bathroom floor, which have been worked on as beautifully as possible. Under these paving stones, a path has been built for the passage of water through which hot water passes and the floor of the bathroom is always warm. This technology is the same as underfloor heating that was used by architects 300, 400 years ago to heat the Vakil bath in Shiraz.
The bathroom environment itself, which has always been warm due to the hot water in the pools. In my opinion, this method is the best way to heat the bathroom that architects could use.
Different bathroom areas
A distinctive feature of all the old bathrooms is that they were not just places to wash, but there were several different places in a building. These places are usually a place for people to gather and gather, and the people of that area held some of their ceremonies in it, above which I have thoroughly examined the baths of the lawyer of Shiraz.
Shiraz Vakil Bathroom Entrance
One of the most amazing parts of this bathroom is its entrance. I do not know if you have ever been to a lawyer’s bathroom, but if you want to visit it, be sure to pay attention to the bathroom entrance. You may be wondering what special features a bathroom entrance can have?
Architects have built a small entrance door to prevent air exchange and prevent people from contracting illnesses such as colds. This entrance was built at the beginning of a sloping corridor, after which clients will reach the locker room by crossing this corridor. Evidence shows that this corridor was simple at first, but during the Qajar period, patterned tiles were installed on it, which gave it an unparalleled beauty.
There are three vaults in the northern part of the greenhouse. The middle pool was full of hot water and the other two were used for bathing in lukewarm and cold pools, the effects of which can still be seen. In these treasures, there were large boilers that were used to heat water. The other two reservoirs were built to provide hot and cold water for the people.
Cabinets or locker rooms take up most of the space in the lawyer’s bathroom and are designed as regular octagons. The columns of this part are made of sulfurous buckwheat stone, which is responsible for maintaining the plastered roofs.
Putting your feet in water after bathing is one of the mustahabs It is considered in Islam and for this reason there are pools in the 4 corners of the locker room where people put their feet after bathing. Several steps have been built for these ponds so that they are slightly below ground level.
The architects even thought that people should not enter the open air after a quick bath. In order to balance the temperature of the body and the environment to some extent, they had created a winding corridor between the greenhouse and the upper room, which prevented people from entering the open space quickly. There are various patterns on the walls of this corridor that people can not see the walls without patterns.
This is the washing area known as the Greenhouse. When you go to this part of the lawyer’s bathroom, you will see a square building that looks smaller than the dressing room. 4 columns are placed in the middle of the greenhouse as beautifully as possible to support the beautiful ceiling of the bathroom. There are two rooms smaller than the greenhouse in this section, inside which a pond has been built.
On both sides of the greenhouse are built two emperors with a marble pool in the middle. Around this pond, stone steps can be seen that were used for the king and the court to rest and sit together. Today, you can see the royal baths of Vakil Shiraz, but for more protection, the front of the stairs is covered with glass.
The architects also built two rulers around the baths, with a marble pool in the middle of each. In the Pahlavi era, one of the rulers was turned into a score bath, and unfortunately, the marble basin of that part was destroyed. Of course, the absence of this pool did not detract from the beauty of Vakil’s bath in Shiraz, but I wish the marble pool in the middle of the ruler was still safe!
It is normal for a bathroom to have multiple pools. When you go to the bathroom of Vakil Shiraz, you will see a large octagonal pool that has given an exemplary beauty to the dressing room. This pool is one of several pools built in this building. Among other basins, I can mention the royal, ruling, greenhouse, treasury and حو basins.
Vakil bath was one of the main baths in Shiraz in the past and has never flourished since its construction until today, and still many people still travel to the city of spring oranges to visit it. This place is a center of knowledge and acquaintance with the customs of the ancestors and for this reason it is of great importance.
Lawyer Bath Museum
Unfortunately or fortunately (I do not know which one is correct) changes in the building of this bath had a great impact on changing the original design of this bath. As it was said, repairs were done on the building in 1351, but after that, due to the entry and exit of a large number of people, parts of the Vakil bath building in Shiraz were destroyed.
After all the ups and downs created for this building, the officials finally decided to turn this bathroom into a museum. . In this museum, there are 30 sculptures made of wax with different modes, each of which wants to explain the old story to you, but since they do not make sense, the guide will take the trouble to explain these narrations to you.
Visiting hours for a lawyer
It is open to visitors 12 hours a day in Shiraz Vakil Bath. In the first half of the year, visiting the museum will be 12 hours from 8:30 to 20:30 and in the second half from 7:30 to 19:30. It is not possible to visit this bath on the days of the Prophet’s death, Tasua, Ashura, the martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS), the martyrdom of Imam Ja’far Sadegh and the death of Imam Khomeini. Shiraz Municipality and Cultural Heritage Organization have announced the cost of visiting Vakil Bath in 1400 five thousand tomans, which is really insignificant for all the beauty of Vakil Bath.
Where is the lawyer’s bathroom?
This bathroom is located on Taleghani Street in Shiraz, west of the mosque and Vakil Bazaar. Access to this bath is very easy and in Shiraz, whoever we say we want to go to the lawyer market, will guide you.
Things You Need To Know About Lawyer Baths
I wrote everything I knew about the lawyer’s bath in Shiraz. I hope I was able to persuade you to go to this bathroom. If you have seen this magnificent and beautiful building and you feel that something has been missed, be sure to share it with me in the comments section.