For many, the story of the tops of the mountains and mountains of the earth is the story of human history and the breath of life on this planet. The story of my encounter with Mount Taftan is not only because of its name, which we read about in the textbooks, but also because of the place where it is firmly established.This mountain has somehow grown in Iranian and Eastern Iranian myths with stories and legends and now casts a shadow over a land called Sistan and Baluchestan. Probably these days, due to the saturation of little information and the infinity of news sources, we read less myths than our ancestors, and we know and narrate the legends and stories of different people.
Where is Taftan Mountain?
This mountain is located in Sistan and Baluchestan province, between the border and Taftan region.
What is the height of Taftan Mountain?
The height of the mountain reaches 3941 meters.
Is Taftan a volcanic mountain?
Taftan Mountain has a semi-active volcanic peak called “Cheheltan” that erupted 7,000 years ago.
When is the best time to climb Taftan?
The best time to climb Taftan Mountain is from March to May, when the weather is mild and perfectly suitable for mountaineering.
But you should know that the article I have written here for you in Alibaba Tourism Magazine, apart from the nature of Taftan Mountain and its wonders, apart from those who conquered Taftan Peak with all difficulty, and apart from the story of its volcanic eruption, is a mythical story. Southeast and the people of Sistan and Baluchestan; The story of the young and angry Taftan mountain!
History of Taftan Mountain, its ups and downs like its path
Taftan Mountain is located in the southeastern region of Iran, in Sistan and Baluchestan province, between the border region and Taftan city. In fact, Taftan or “Cheheltan” is the name of one of the peaks of this mountain, which is considered a semi-active volcano in Iran. The height of the mountain with 3941 meters above sea level has made it the highest mountain in southeastern Iran.
You might think that Taftan Mountain has only one semi-active volcanic peak; But no!
The mountain has the legend of three volcanic craters from which sulfur vapor and smoke always rise. The other two volcanic craters of Taftan Mountain, except Cheheltan, are named Narkuh and Madahkuh. About 7,000 years ago, when early civilizations were gathering in these areas, the Taftan volcano erupted, destroying everything in its path.
The most famous peak of Taftan volcano is called” Chehlutan “peak, which reaches a height of about 4040 meters above sea level. Forty peaks are also known as “Mount of Pilgrimage”. The name of this peak, forty, is based on ancient legends. Forty religious seekers are said to have appeared on the mountain and then disappeared, and no one has ever been able to find a trace of them.
Cheheltan Peak or Pilgrimage is located in the northern part of the mountain. In the southern part, it is the peak of Madekuh or Madarkuh, which is shorter than the other two peaks of its neighbor, namely Sobhkuh and Narkuh.
The hot springs of the mountain heal!
The beautiful lakes around Taftan Mountain have given more freshness to its nature. The three lakes near Taftan Volcano are known as “Daryasar”. The lakes in the northern part are shallower and the lakes are freshwater; But the other lake is deep and its water is salty.
Also, the rivers of Taftan Mountain flow in the path of the peaks and are considered as seasonal rivers, such as the river. “Ladies” and “Gazd” whose water overflows during the rainy seasons of the year; But at other times of the year they are usually dry.
Hot springs and fresh water of the mountain are also part of the pristine nature of Sistan and Baluchestan, which is close to the volcano. Taftan are located. The most important and famous hot spring of Taftan Mountain is “Jam Chen” or “Jam Chin” mineral water spring which flows in the northwestern part of the mountain.
“Ameni” spring in the western part of the mountain and the end of Bidsar river route, “Barabak” spring in the northern part of Taftan peak, “Yousef Abad” spring in the west of the mountain, “Torshab” spring Near Torshab village, which is south of Taftan Mountain, Murghab spring in the southeastern part of the mountain and Ganj Amin spring in the west of Sangan village are only a part of this pristine and beautiful nature of Taftan mountain.
These springs and hot springs all have healing properties, and many people travel here to treat gastrointestinal and joint ailments and return home as they get better.
But the use of their water for therapeutic purposes must be repeated in short periods. So if you are looking for such a treatment, you should be able to have space and facilities to live and stay during this period.
Legend of Taftan Mountain, from Shahnameh to the Queen of Spring Poets
This mountain is of special importance due to the unique features of the geographical location in which it is located and also its place in the myth and popular culture of Iranians, especially the Baluch people. Now that we have the tales of Taftan Mountain, it is better to talk more about the stories that are told about it.
Why is that mountain called Taftan?
About the name of Taftan Mountain Some believe that Taftan is derived from the word “Taft” meaning hot and scorching, and this is due to the volcanic vapors that come out of its mouth and make it look like a big, natural torch in the heart. The mountain is imagined in front of the eyes of every passerby.
Of course, in ancient geographical and historical texts written before the 8th century AH (14th century AD), the name of Taftan Mountain does not appear and is not exactly clear. Since when has that mountain been called.
But in the two texts available in the Pahlavi language, as well as in the works of ancient travelers and geographers, the words “Tamandan” or “Damandan” and “Tamitmandan” are used to refer to the Taftan volcano. Is; It is interesting that even today, in the 21st century, there is a village in the west of Taftan Mountain called Tamandan!
In Iranian thought and belief, mountains and mountainous areas have always had a special place and sanctity; Because they were like a ladder to heaven or hell. The Baluch people also have a history of thousands of years and such beliefs can be seen in the culture of those people and tribes.
The people of Sistan and Baluchestan consider the mountain as a sacred place and a symbol of endurance and courage. From the slopes of this mountain that move towards the peaks, there are many places that are made for the needy and the suffering. For example, the old cemetery of “Haftad Mola” is located at the foot of Taftan Mountain.
They offered themselves and beheaded. There is also a belief that if they can lift the emerald to the top of the mountain, they will be given a purpose. Cypress trees and numerous shrines around Taftan Mountain have been the sacred centers of the people of this land.
If the people of this land swore by forty mountains, that is, it was stronger than any kind and there was no lie in it at all; Otherwise, the wrath of Taftan, which is the Taftan volcano, would have befallen them.
In the oral culture of the Baluch people, there is an interesting story about Taftan Mountain and two other smaller mountains called” Zande “which is in Bazman, Iranshahr city, and” Five There is a “finger” in the city of Khash:
Brother and sister argue with each other in live letters and taftan over the division of the father’s inheritance. Taftan was trying to do everything for himself and in his own name, and he was very upset and upset about it.
But one day, he set fire to a tree stump and knocked it over Taftan. The five fingers that lived in their neighborhood mediate between the two people and convince the living to go to the party and start another life. Taftan stays in place; But since that day he still has to live with smoke and fire.
Taftan Mountain is also well seen in the proverbs of the people of southeastern Iran; For example, there is a Birjandi proverb about “overeating” which says: “Mount Taftan becomes bread, the sea of Sistan is broken, the rust of my teeth does not break.”
Mountain volcano, 7 thousand years old roar
In geological classifications, mountains that are less than 10,000 years old in their last volcanic activity are classified as active volcanic mountains. Nearly 7,000 years have passed since the last eruption of Taftan volcano, and due to its youth in the geological age table, it is considered as one of the semi-active volcanoes such as Damavand.
Remains in the mountain of volcanic lava reach 1300 square kilometers; But the layers of ash on this mountain are not so many. If you are 100 km away from Taftan Mountain and Cheheltan Peak, you can see the sulfur vapors on top of this mountain with your own eyes.
Of course, the gases emitted from this mountain are toxic and their combination with water produces sulfuric acid, which is very dangerous and is also called “royal water”.
Taftan Mountain is a tributary of the Sultan Kuh Volcanic Range in Pakistan. Although many years have passed since its extinction, it is still a young mountain with a semi-active volcanic peak.
What is the weather like on Taftan Mountain?
If you are thinking of going and even climbing peaks in your mind, it is better to know what the climate of this mountain is like at different times of the year.
Unlike many high mountains, this mountain is not covered with snow in all seasons, and in summer, when the weather in Sistan and Baluchestan is hot and scorching, Taftan Mountain is also warm and temperate in the highlands.
In spring, when the days are longer, the climate of Taftan Mountain is hot during the day and cold at night. For this reason, the best time to go and climb the mountain is in late winter and in spring, in April and May.
However, in autumn and winter, strong and dry winds usually blow in this area, which may not be suitable for camping and sightseeing.
Eat Taftan medicinal plants and stay away from wild animals!
Because the mountain is located in hot and dry areas, it is very rare to be covered with snow and ice every year; But instead, most of the year is covered with mountain shrubs, pistachio trees, almonds, turmeric, turmeric, coriander, argan, thyme, mint, yarrow, rhubarb, cockatiel, astragalus, sagebrush, cumin.
Of course you have to be careful! Because wolves, jackals and foxes are also wild animals of Taftan mountain habitat.
Usually the plants that grow around Taftan hot springs have high medicinal properties and the combination of minerals in the water of these springs is also used to treat various diseases.
The best time to climb Taftan Mountain
Due to the climate of Taftan Mountain in different seasons of the year and the special route that this mountain has to reach its peaks and conquer them, it is one of the most popular mountains in Iran for climbers. Every year, athletes climb many of its slopes to its highest peaks.
It is not a good season for mountaineering because there is a very strong wind in the heights of Taftan mountain in autumn and winter; Unless you are professional enough and have good tools and facilities to climb this mountain without any problems.
But due to the temperate climate in spring, especially the first two months of April and May and March, which is the new year to spring, March to May is the best time to climb Taftan Mountain and one of the most popular times among mountaineers who want Conquer this mountain.
Also, two climbing walls called “Gerash Khan” and “Shast Khoda” are located near the cities of Khash and Zahedan, on the way to Taftan Mountain. Many athletes are fond of climbing on them.
Routes to climb Taftan Peak
To reach the mountain, the best route and the most direct of them passes through the city of Khash. In 20 km of this city, towards Zahedan, you can see the sign “Towards Taftan Mountain”.
An old legend says: A brother and a sister in a live letter and Taftan are arguing over the division of the father’s inheritance. Taftan was trying to do everything for himself and in his own name, and he was very upset and upset about it.
But one day, he set fire to a tree stump and knocked it over Taftan. The five fingers that lived in their neighborhood mediate between the two and persuade the living to go to Bazman and start another life. Taftan stays in place; But from that day until now he still has to live with smoke and fire.
If you plan to move from the north of Sistan and Baluchestan to Taftan Mountain, you will find an exit route 130 km south of Zahedan. If you drive 30 km to the east on that side road, along the way you can see the peak of Taftan and pass through the villages of Khoshe, Tamandan, Anjirak, Tamin, Torshab, Sangan and Kharestan and reach the mountain.
These villages are considered as the best tourist villages around Taftan volcano. The village near Taftan, apart from the climbers they pass on their way, attracts many tourists to their natural attractions throughout the year.
But if you are a mountaineer and you want to climb Taftan Mountain, the best way to climb the mountain is through the shelter in the western part of the mountain. But the northeastern route of the mountain passes between the villages of Sangan and Khanjak and reaches the area of ”Gon Takhti Masir” or “Dudkash Darreh”.
Of course, it is not bad to know that the usual route to the mountain usually passes through the training camp, the morning shelter, the western edge.
The ascent routes of “Mirjaveh” and “Tamin” pass in the north of the mountain from the villages of Torshab from the east, and Talkh Ab from the south. It also takes about 10 hours from the village of Koteh to the summit, and there is no drinking water until the spring of Ab-e Khosh on Mount Taftan near Tang-e-Gloo; So be sure to pay attention to this point to cross this path! Control the amount of water you take with you.
What equipment is needed to climb Taftan Mountain?
You must have the necessary mountaineering tools and equipment with you to climb Taftan Peak; Like mountaineering shoes, a special backpack that is both light and waterproof and fits well in it, suitable mountaineering clothes include three layers: cool and casual clothes, warm and rainy and windbreaker, hat, gaiter (protective layer of your shoes), Suitable for mountaineering or travel chair suitable for mountaineering, mountaineering baton, sleeping bag and tent, headlamp or flashlight.
But most importantly, remember that there is no drinking water on the way to Taftan Mountain and the summit, in the shelters and all the way, and you must first have the right amount of drinking water with you.
Where exactly is Taftan Mountain?
Taftan Mountain is located in Sistan and Baluchestan province, in the area between the border and Taftan, which is close to Khash city, and there are various access routes to Taftan volcano from these surrounding areas.
Taftan Mountain on Google Camp
Taftan, the gate of hell or heaven?
Even by reading the history of Taftan Mountain and its unique natural features, every tourist, mountaineer and nature tourist is tempted to travel to Sistan and Baluchestan, to climb the slopes of this millennial but young mountain and while Taftan is the torch of forty lights in the sky. , He sees the almost yellow vapors of sulfur and smoke rising from his burning heart and the people of this land calling out.
As for many years, these people have considered Mount Taftan sacred and call on the spirit of Taftan in religious beliefs and myths and legends that have been passed down to us orally from thousands of years ago to the present day.