IRNA / According to the latest news, the Caspian horse is an ancient Caspian heritage site for the world.
The horse is a prominent element in the ancient epic literature and Iranian Islamic culture and its magical relationship with human biology from the point of view of poets, mystics, princes and religious people with the interpretation of decency and foresight has always been emphasized until today. , Has traveled the world and has become an index of Gilan.
Caspian horse with Latin name “Caspian horse”, Gil horse, Gilan horse, Shah horse, or Caspian horse with more than five thousand years old is considered as one of the oldest breeds of horses in the world and the current distribution It is from Behshahr Mazandaran near the Turkmen plain to Talesh in the west of Gilan.
The story of identifying the Caspian horse in the country
Louise Firouz, an American-born woman who raised horses in Iran with her husband, Nancy Firouz, for more than four decades, was always looking for small, suitable horses to teach her children to ride, and on a trip in 1344 In 1965, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea, Shamsi first saw the Caspian pony (Caspian horse) in one of the remote villages of Amol, accidentally tied to a large cart and moving bags of cement. Identified and noticed the presence of a number of remains of this breed in that area.
Louise bought two Caspian ponies from the locals and brought them to Tehran from Amol at that time. After some training with this horse, under the influence of its behavior and movements, also out of curiosity about the connection of these horses with the carvings of Persepolis, he decided to research this breed. Louise Firouz achieved interesting results by sending samples of the horse’s blood, bones and hair to Europe; The Caspian horse is the oldest warm-blooded horse in the world; Genetic, graphic, and ossographic evidence and stone carvings on the steps of Persepolis and seals and sculptures from the remains of ancient civilizations all indicate the existence of the Caspian horse from ancient times.
In 1345, with the arrival of the first horse in the US state of Virginia, the movement of spreading this breed to other parts of the world in the last century began. In 1349, four heads were given to the Bermuda Islands, and in 1350, a pair of stallions and mares named Rostam and the Sun were given to Prince Philip, Crown Prince of England, who were transported there through Hungary.
The Achilles Horse in the Iliad to the Winged Horse in Ancient Greek Mythology, the Magnificent Horses in Japanese and Chinese Mythology, the Trojan Wooden Horse to a significant portion of our Shahnameh related to the epic tales of heroes who lived side by side with horses. Until the role of Zul-Jannah in the familiar eye painting of the Ashura era by Farshchian can not be ignored until today, when it comes to the international registration of the Caspian horse of Gilan.
Iran Mansha and Gilan, the origin of the Caspian horse
The CEO of the Caspian Horse Protection Association stated that the Caspian Horse is an ancient heritage of the Caspian Sea for the world: Has been named a major member of the International Association.
Mohammad Javad Dehghan stated that the members of the International Caspian Horse Association include Iran, Britain, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden. Establishment of the Caspian Horse Protection Association, Iran has three voting rights in the Assembly of the International Association Council.
The President of the Equestrian Federation of the country in mid-October of this year on the sidelines of the Annual General Assembly of the Equestrian Board of Gilan Province, noting that this province is the origin of the Caspian horse, said: This thoroughbred Iranian horse is a natural heritage of 6,000 years.
Masoud Khalili, referring to the holding of the International Caspian Horse Forum in Gilan in 1995, added: “This year, it was decided to hold this forum with the participation of Iranian and foreign Caspian athletes, researchers and breeders, due to financial problems.” And the coronary conditions did not materialize.
He announced the holding of this forum next year with the presence of researchers and breeders of this thoroughbred horse and noted: “We hope that conditions will be provided with the help of the Equestrian Federation and the General Directorate of Sports and Youth of Gilan and provincial officials.”
The President of the Equestrian Federation pointed out that the Caspian horse is an ancient heritage of the Caspian Sea for the world: According to the latest ranking, Gilan province has risen from 15th to 7th; In this regard, several new equestrian clubs have been built and operated in Gilan and a number are under construction.
With all the national and international fame of the Caspian horse, but still this great economic capacity has not been able to play its role in the development of the province, the unknown capabilities of this area, lack of support and investment are some of the concerns of activists and enthusiasts. Horse breeding is a concern in this northern region.
Preservation of the Caspian race depends on the support of the authorities
Parvin Yeganeh, a woman rider from Rezvanshahr who has been ranked many times in local and national festivals, and her children Tolo and Koushiar Asadi, who to this day have passed the legacy of protecting the Caspian horse to international registration with all difficulties. And today they need support to survive.
Tolo Asadi says: We are one of the few Caspian horse breeding centers; The Rasht Research Center is also operating and some of them are scattered.
He added: “During my father’s lifetime, we had 60 horses that we had to sell due to problems, and now we have 30 horses that have recently been registered internationally, but it has become very difficult for us to maintain without support.
“I can sell here financially and make a comfortable living for myself and my family,” he said. “The price of these horses is from five million to 30 million tomans, but they cannot be bought or sold;” In fact, buying and selling is done among the club owners themselves.
Emphasizing that we ask government officials not to leave us alone in supporting and preserving this valuable breed, the horse breeder said: “We can use this capacity for the economic development of the province in the fields of sports, tourism and even exports.” Took advantage.
extinction threat; Caspian horse breed
The head of the Animal Science Research Department and the head of the Caspian Horse Genetics Training and Conservation Research Complex said: “According to research on the genome and bones and fossils of the Caspian horse, it has been proven that this horse is one of the four ancestors of warm-blooded horses in the world. Its shortness makes it suitable for equestrian training for teenagers.
Houshang Dehghanzadeh stated: Caspian horse breed is endangered; It is estimated that there are 2 to 2,500 Caspian horses in the world, of which 400 to 500 are found in the country, especially in the province of Gilan and the northern region, and in other provinces are scattered in equestrian clubs. >
Deputy of Technology Research and Guilan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Training Center added: “All horses that exist outside of Iran are of Iranian origin, and although about half a century since the identification and introduction of the Caspian horse (Caspian pony) in The country is passing, during this period it has been able to find a special place in the world arena; As there is a great demand for the purchase and supply of these horses from some countries, which is a reason for the value of this unique breed.
He stated: The herd that Ms. Firooz had collected before the revolution underwent various processes until 1994, when the constructive jihad bought the herd from her with the aim of preserving its genetic resources, and from then until 2010 in Khojir Research Station was located near Varamin.
Head of Animal Science Research Department and Head of Caspian Horse Genetics Training and Conservation Research Complex continued: This complex is under the supervision of Animal Science Research Department of Guilan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center in 1989 in order to develop applied research and make optimal use of capabilities. Existing in the country in the field of Caspian horse and in order to achieve the high goals of the strategic plan for research to preserve the country’s genetic resources and the existence of a suitable natural environment and considering that the origin of this breed was Gilan and the north of the country with the support of the governorate, Gilan Agricultural Jihad Organization. Research and education in agriculture and natural resources were launched in Tehran and the National Animal Sciences Research Institute.
Dehghanzadeh said: “As a result, according to the agreements made with the Agricultural Research and Training Center of Tehran and Natural Resources, 30 Caspian horses in Khojir research station were transferred to the Agricultural Research and Training Center of Gilan Natural Resources.” > He added: “Many horses in the country are very similar to Caspian horses in appearance and phenotype, but now they are called ‘Caspian-like’ because they must be genetically confirmed, and this depends on the fact that In a reference laboratory approved by the World Genetics Association.
“We are trying to get a large number of horses from the complex and the country to follow the Memorandum of Understanding with the help of the Caspian Horse Conservation Association, which is a non-governmental organization,” said the head of the Animal Science Research Department and head of the Caspian Horse’s Training and Conservation Research Complex. Be internationally registered with the Animal Science Research Institute.
He said: “Following the request of Iran and considering that all the basic and pre-fundamental herds of Caspian horses belong to Iran, the amendment of the statutes and by-laws and rules and regulations for the registration of Caspian horses in the Caspian International Association will be followed up.” It is being reviewed through the Iranian Animal Science Research Institute and the Caspian Horse Conservation Association of Iran with the cooperation and participation of the Research Center.
Caspian horse export ban due to limited population
Dehghanzadeh said that the 41-head herd in the center is of interest to the World Association. “The export of Caspian horses is currently banned due to its small population, but this breed is very valuable economically,” he said. “Unfortunately, in the last few years, a large number of Caspian horses have been smuggled and illegally transported from the western and northwestern borders to Turkey, Iraq and the Caspian littoral states, reaching a point where many of the neighboring countries are now Contrary to honesty, they claim to have Caspian horses, which will effectively block the way for opportunists in the future with the identification, identification and international registration of the country’s Caspian horses.
Tracing the Iranian breed with the publication of the Caspian Horse pedigree
He continued: “By reviewing the laws and regulations, as well as registering the country’s Caspian horses, in this way, the way of smuggling these horses to other countries will be closed; Also, the first book of the Caspian horse genealogy will be published soon, and through this, the Iranian race of the Caspian horse can be traced in any country.
“We have fewer plant and animal species in the country that are known worldwide, but the Caspian horse is known globally,” he said. 18 Caspian Horse Beauty Festival before Corona was held in Gilan with the efforts of the Provincial Agricultural Jihad Extension Coordination Department, Deputy for Livestock Production Improvement, Research Center, Caspian Horse Guild and Taktaz Equestrian Club. Became the stallions of the eighteenth period of the country; In general, the Caspian horse, in addition to being used for sports, is also important in the field of tourism, and investors can use this potential and invest in this area.
Planning to establish Caspian Horse Sperm Bank
Dehghanzadeh added: All the names of Caspian horses are of Iranian origin; This breed has global value and high demand from foreign countries; Plans are underway to establish a Caspian horse sperm bank so that after international registration and the publication of the Caspian Horse pedigree book, we can set up this bank to generate currency by exporting the sperm of this breed. “There is a demand for Caspian horses and this is a good opportunity for us to take useful steps towards the development of the province,” he said. But nowadays, unfortunately, with this age and world fame, the Caspian horse in the province is still not known to some and not even a statue or element has been installed in the city, parks and squares of Rasht to introduce this valuable breed.
The head of the Animal Science Research Department and head of the Caspian Horse Genetic Resources Training and Conservation Research Complex pointed to the high cost that the research center spends each year to maintain the Caspian horse’s genetic resources, saying that funding for the center is very small. This center needs urgent support and special attention of provincial and national officials to preserve this valuable global genetic reserve.
Dehghanzadeh Monitoring and registering the Caspian horse population, promoting the scientific and economic status of the province in the country, conducting applied research on the Caspian horse and producing technical knowledge, preserving the endangered genetic resources of this breed in its nests and origins and establishing a bank Gene, creation and development of ecotourism in Gilan, planning and development for horse exports, cooperation in education and development of equestrian sports for adolescents in the province, providing scientific and practical articles, the most obvious tasks and objectives of the Caspian horse training and conservation research complex He mentioned the promotion of the province’s scientific and economic position in the country.
He continued: “Also, identifying, registering and identifying Caspian horses, identifying its characteristics and capabilities, breeding and behavioral management, nutrition, genetics and breeding, determining sports capacity, determining reproductive factors and increasing productivity.” In the production efficiency of this breed and the optimal methods of commercialization and job creation are the research axes of the Caspian horse.