ISNA / According to the latest news, the process of destruction and theft of historical monuments has continued as in the past.
People have been leaving their homes and nests with shovels and pickaxes for years, and you may think it is obsolete to look for treasure, but countless people are still finding treasure in the corners of the globe. You may remember the famous scene from Western movies where they were digging for gold, but I want to divert attention from that fascinating scene, there is no news of gold, treasure or treasure!
What often catches these traders are the remains of a historical site and finally pieces of pottery that are used only in terms of archeology and historical study to identify different historical layers, and this death of traders, only causes destruction and The disappearance of thousands of historical evidences. Different layers of time are placed on top of each other in historical areas such as the pages of a book, and each layer is a testimony of time and a period of history. Its genus and the excavated remains revealed the historical events of that region.
Many facts have been found so far that show the existence of a civilization below another civilization; In fact, the originality and antiquity of each region can be guessed from the expertise of historical sites and the antiquity of its found elements. What is certain is that we do not have clear evidence of our history, and what we know and learn is evidence of everything that has been written for a long time, but history has been written by the conquerors, so it is appropriate to do what we know and have read. Be suspicious. One of the most important tasks of archaeologists is to identify history based on scientific research and analysis. For example, examining several bodies or a specific type of burial in the area of a historical site indicates the existence of a cemetery and the existence of that cemetery increases the likelihood of living near that place.
Finding civilization with any age indicates the origin of civilization in that region, but what traders treasure is the destruction of all historical signs and evidence. They are just looking for old treasures and coins, and everything else is worthless to them. Currently, nearly one million historical sites have been found in Iran, but unfortunately none of them are safe.
It is important to note that many of the items obtained by unauthorized excavations are discovered in later stages, but the most important point is that another discovered object is an anonymous work, meaning that it can no longer be definitively commented on. Dad. So things like the exact location of the discovery, the type of soil bed, the depth of the associated objects, as well as its time period will forever remain a mystery. What archaeologists find is known as a historical object, ie all the excavation documents, the exact location of the discovery along with its coordinates and other explanations are attached to it and given to the museum so that in addition to being recorded and displayed, it can be seen. It should be public, all researchers and historians should study its dimensions and be able to discover a corner of the secrets of history.
History of theft of national works
Since the Qajar dynasty, since there was no knowledge of Iranian culture and heritage in the governing body, the looting of Iranian historical and civilizational monuments began and Iranian historical monuments were taken from museums in Western countries, including France and Britain. Despite the slogan of antiquity in the Pahlavi period, the process of destruction and theft of historical monuments has continued as in the past and has not stopped yet.
Is there a treasure in the heart of the soil?
The most important thing to keep in mind is that a good understanding of the context of the region and a study of its background will shed light on the aspects of a historical and cultural phenomenon, for example a cemetery from the past to find a suitable place to find Is it a treasure? In many cases, historical sites are villages or old towns that have been evacuated due to droughts or outbreaks of infectious diseases, or have been completely submerged or destroyed by natural causes such as floods and earthquakes. These historical evidences are the only tools. Knowing what has happened to us.
Leave the soil of Qara Tappeh
Sagzabad hills are one of the ancient hills of Iran that date back to the late tenth millennium BC to the Achaemenid period. Qara Tappeh, Zagheh Hill and Cemetery Hill are the three ancient hills in the southeast of Qazvin plain, which are considered to be one of the oldest archeological sites in the world with their age of 7 to 9 thousand years. The importance of the Sagzabad region is also evident in historical documents, Marcopolo mentioned Sagzabad in his travelogue and called it the Silk Road.
Triple hills are probably among the oldest areas Human settlement and monogamy has been on the plateau of Iran, where traces of the Iron Age are also evident. Archaeological excavations in this complex began in 1349 under the supervision of Ezatullah Neghaban, the father of Iranian archeology, and has continued until now by the Faculty of Archeology, University of Tehran. Archaeological finds indicate a civilization dating back to 1000 to 1500 BC. Excavations in the Qara Tappeh area in recent years have uncovered evidence of an Iron Age burial.
Dr. Malek Shahmirzadi, while exploring the ancient hills in 1349, reports that due to smuggling excavations, no healthy layer was left up to a depth of 2 meters. , People dug vertically and then built tunnels horizontally, completely destroying a large part of the various time layers that were stacked like the pages of a book.
Dr. Mostafa Deh Pahlavan, head of the Qara Tappeh Areas and Privacy Project, complains about smuggling and illegal excavations, saying that not even one meter of a healthy layer remains on the surface in Qara Tappeh today, as well as the moisture from irrigating agricultural lands and Deep plowing has destroyed a large number of graves. He believes that it is not possible to enclose this ancient site, because if we put 2 officers per square meter, so that people do not become aware, there is still the possibility of destroying the area.
Tourism culture or the art of destruction
Visiting historical monuments and archeological sites to get acquainted with the history and background of the identity and has its own customs and rituals. No encroachment should be made on the site and any excavation should be carried out by experienced archaeologists for scientific purposes, which is exactly why the site should be protected.
In 1999, a tourist traveled to the ancient sites of northern Sistan and Baluchestan, but unfortunately his misconduct at the ancient site of Tasuki angered the people of the area. This is despite the fact that we have already witnessed the destructive effect of the presence of a number of tourists in areas such as Abyaneh, and instead of economic prosperity and the spread of culture, tourism has led to the destruction of antiquities, pollution of the environment and nature and annoying residents.
People are to blame!
What is certain is that most of the destruction of cultural heritage is done by the people, but this terrible tsunami is mostly caused by ignorance. By increasing awareness and awakening the conscience and sense of nationalism in the people, not only a large amount of It reduced the destruction of this area, but also used the awakened conscience of the people to support and preserve its historical and cultural background. But the destruction and plunder of cultural and historical identity is more structured than can be believed to be the result of a collective uncultured culture alone.
Soil, the latest historical heritage
With the spread of treasure culture and the advancement of knowledge, swindlers and thieves in this field have also updated themselves and while increasing the speed of operations, they have also increased their level of destruction. According to Dr. Deh Pahlavan, head of the Institute of Archeology at the University of Tehran, in an interview with Mehr News Agency, some people are now using excavators and trucks to move the soil from the ancient hills to other places and sift it to find historical objects. کردن. Various institutions are certainly aware of this, as museums in countries such as the UAE and Qatar have been filled with Iranian artifacts in recent years.
The lost heritage of Jobji
In 2007, the contractors of the water transmission line, near the village of Jobji in Ramhormoz, came across two bronze coffins containing more than 3,400 grams of gold in the form of rings, bracelets, necklaces, cufflinks and various ornaments related to the pre-Achaemenid period. These historical objects were never displayed, but the then head of cultural heritage promised to transfer the discovered treasure to the intimate mansion of Ramhormoz. Now, more than 14 years later, the fate of this heritage is still unknown, but part of this legendary treasure has emerged from the Bonn Museum in Germany. But the story of Jobji does not seem to be over.
Former Ancient Hill or Contemporary Ancient Park
The ancient hill located in Eghbaliyeh, which was nationally registered in 1984, was one of the largest prehistoric sites in Qazvin province! Do not be surprised by the use of the past tense in introducing this ancient hill, because the 5-hectare area of this hill no longer exists outside and has become a park and promenade. Dr. Miraskandari in the archaeological excavations of this hill found works from the Parthian, Sassanid, Seljuk, Ilkhanid, Safavid and even Qajar periods. The multiplicity of works and the chronology of different historical periods have shown the extraordinary importance of this place during the ups and downs of history.
Eghbaliyeh Municipality announced the need for a park and green space in 1996, and considering that this hill has become a gathering place for stray dogs, Park in this place. The construction of toilets, fountains, paving, and the like was a relief to the half-dead body of this ancient hill.
The ancient hill of Poincar fighting with excavators
If Otis, the inventor of the excavator, knew what a serious role his invention played in destroying ancient and historical monuments and the identity of nations, I do not know whether he would have given his gift to his rivals or not. Expensive and historical monuments are not only a permanent thing, but with the advancement of science, the rate of destruction of historical monuments also increases. The ancient hill of Poinak, which was nationally registered in 1985, has a long history related to the Sassanid to Ilkhanid periods. The lower layers of this ancient hill date back to the Iron Age and continue until the Qajar period. The central core of the hill also belongs to the Seljuk period, and given that this work has been nationally registered, any attack on this complex is prohibited Is.
According to the article, the process of destruction and theft of historical monuments has continued as in the past. You should know that during the construction of the belt in 1998, the southern part of this ancient hill was destroyed overnight. Ahmadi, Director General of the Office for Preservation and Restoration of Historic Buildings and Sites of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage, during his visit to this historical site, confirmed the intrusion and occupation in the southern side of this work and said that the building was damaged by using an excavator. Excavator activity is evident at the site.
Destruction of the historical hill of Afrineh Lorestan
In 1999, the residents of Afrineh village in Lorestan province reported the attack of an unknown person on an ancient hill at night. The aggressors dug into the national culture and identity with an excavator up to a depth of 20 meters, and according to the residents, they were not afraid of being recognized and drowning. The former mayor of Mamolan also told ILNA in this regard: the destruction of the hill was 5 meters transversely and 20 meters vertically, and everything under the hill was looted. The interesting thing is that he entered the area in complete cold-bloodedness that day and removed the excavator and other equipment.
Ancient hills that are no longer ancient
According to the article, the process of destruction and theft of historical monuments has continued as in the past. You should know that the ancient hill of Kiaveh in the village of Sheikh Haidar in Khorramabad, which was nationally registered in 1988, It has placed the stone inside it, it was severely destroyed in 1994 under the pretext of building a drip irrigation infrastructure. The ancient Telluri hill, which belongs to the prehistoric period of ancient Iran to the post-Islamic historical periods and was nationally registered in 1981, was destroyed in a similar way.
Jungle Hill, Cemetery of Illegal Diggers
Undoubtedly, one of the most controversial cases of illegal excavation in recent years has been related to forest hill diggers. Jungle hill is an ancient hill related to the Parthian period in Shush city of Khuzestan province, which was nationally registered in 1980. The protection unit noticed digging in the forest hill, but the depth of the disaster was more than that. The destruction was more than 8 meters wide and 6 meters wide, and according to witnesses, the diggers had reached the water area of the hill. In total, these aggressors were sentenced to more than 85 years in prison, the most severe sentence ever issued.
Online Antiquities Trade
For some time now, we have been witnessing the sale of some antiquities, such as pottery pieces or ancient jars, in cyberspace. Recently, an Instagram page started making and selling jewelry with pieces of pottery in an ancient site, which provoked protests from cultural heritage lovers. In the statement of this collection, it was stated that the pottery that we use to make jewelry belongs to the city of Istkhr in the province of Fars, which dates back to the Sassanid era and is considered one of the largest cities of that time, which is large and close to the throne. Jamshid has continued. Handmade pottery also belongs to the same city and the work of the collection does not contradict the laws of cultural heritage.
This ancient city, which was registered as a national monument in 1310 and its history dates back to the fifth century BC, was the first Sassanid capital. The city was destroyed for the first time in history by Alexander the Great and later conquered and completely destroyed by the Arabs. Even now, thousands of years later, it is still unloved and its trampled soil is being looted by some.
Terrible plunder of Jiroft civilization
In the early eighties, the Halil River flood caused the discovery of an ancient tomb. This news was enough for traders to travel to the area with shovels and pickaxes, plowing its soil and looting thousands of historical objects; The result of this historic crime was a plowed land with thousands of pits and hundreds of empty graves where no trace of civilization could be found. What the merchants destroyed were the signs of an astonishing civilization that marked a new chapter in the formation of human civilization.
Veteran Iranian archaeologist Yousef Majidzadeh came to Iran from Paris at the invitation of the then cultural heritage authorities to undertake excavations and excavations in the ancient site of Jiroft. According to him, Jiroft is a lost link in the history of humanity. During the extensive destruction that took place, more than 400 kilometers along the Halil River were completely looted and destroyed, but these destructions only took place in the cemetery. What caught Dr. Majidzadeh’s attention during the excavations was the ancient hill next to the cemetery, which was later discovered to be the great temple of a 5,000-year-old ziggurat. The discovery of this temple and its tablets was a sign of a civilization that invented calligraphy thousands of years ago and had architecture.
what a history of looting The expensive identities and destroyers of the history of civilization will ask, what is the price they paid for this crime and attack on culture and history, what makes people to gain material, plunder their heritage and take it to To put a small price on the auction, a civilization that has lost thousands of Rashid’s children throughout history in order to preserve and protect the soil, culture and history of this border and region. Those who watered the thirsty soil of this ancient land with their blood and kept it safe from any bite, so that today we can see that their identity, culture, history and nature are plunged into the abyss of destruction.