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The role of Rajab Marvdasht; A stone relief from the works of the Sassanid period

The role of Rajab Marvdasht is one of the most beautiful examples of sculpture in Iran. 3 km north Persepolis and on the right side of Shahi Street you will see the role of Rajab. The royal road was built in the 5th century BC to facilitate communication between the royal capital of Iran, Susa, and the city of Sard. Join us in reading this article to know where the role of Rajab is and to find out the reason for naming the role of Rajab

Introduction to Inscriptions

Inscription of the coronation of Ardashir I (224-239 BC)

The delegation or coronation of Ardashir I, the founder of the Sassanid Empire, which is carved on the easternmost boulder, is the oldest carving in the role of Rajab Marvdasht. In a background four meters wide and 2.5 meters high, we see the coronation scene of Ardashir I while holding the crown of power with his right hand from Ahuramazda and holding his index finger as a sign of respect. According to the article, where is the role of Rajab? You should know that Ahuramazda, with a crown on his head, thick hair that reaches to his shoulders and a simple necklace, stands in front of Ardeshir and gives the crown of power to Ardeshir with his right hand. There are two men behind Ardashir I and two women next to Ahuramazda and two small people between Ardashir and Ahuramazda who may be children.

One of the statues behind Ardeshir, which is from the Sassanid period, casts a shadow over the king, and the other statue is related to Shapur, the son of Ardashir I and the king’s crown prince, who holds his right hand up in honor of Ahuramazda and the king. And he put his left hand on the sheath of the sword. According to the article, where is the role of Rajab? You should know that some scholars believe that the two royal women behind Ahuramazda are the mother and wife of Ardashir I. Behind the crown of power and between Ahura Mazda and Ardashir are two small statues; One is wearing a Sassanid dress and holding his hands up, and the other is holding a stick. German researcher Voltaire Heinz believes that the figure on the left may belong to Bahram, the son of Shapur, and that the figure on the right belongs to the god of war in ancient Iran.

Carter in the role of Rajab

During the reign of Bahram II, a small inscription was engraved on the western part of the cliffs, which is related to the face of Cartier, the most powerful Sassanid religious figure during the reign of Shapur I, Bahram I and Bahram II. In this inscription, he held the index finger of his right hand high in respect and honor to the Imperial Assembly. This inscription is written in thirty lines in Middle Persian Sassanid language, of which twenty lines remain and the rest have been destroyed. These lines summarize Cartier’s achievements and religious services.

In a part of the inscription and in this part, the reason for naming the role of Rajab came: “I asked the gods, if they have already sent me to the world of the living, then they passed me through the world of the dead and gave me a picture of heaven and hell. I begged the gods, let me show Carter the gods to all the living and the dead, I will make the teaching about the heavens and the depths of hell into a clear universe and show what the deeds of the gods are, especially It has been done in the country and for what it has been done, as well as why and how I became more strict in my religious work, I prayed to God to guide me and clarify the truth and nature of the teachings about the heavens and the depths of hell. And teach me the way to identify such issues so that I know which is true and which is false. ”

Shapur I coronation inscription (239 to 270 BC)

In a frame 4.5 meters long and 3 meters wide, the first Shapur on horseback is seen at the coronation ceremony. This is a masterpiece of engraving and sculpture related to the Sassanid period, this inscription has a wonderful harmony and balance and shows Shapur riding a horse that takes the crown of power from Ahura Mazda or holds the left hand of his sword. The details of the king’s face and hand faded over time. Ahuramazda has a congressional crown on his long, curly hair, is dressed like Shapur, and rides a horse. Both horses raised their left hand, although the details of the faces and statues were damaged. This engraving was carved two years after the victory of the Shah of Iran over the Roman Empire and in the northern part of the role of Rajab Marvdasht.

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