If I want to say what Bu Ali Sina was and what his abilities were, I have to write a separate article about it. So I decided to introduce myself very briefly and in this article I will introduce more about the tomb of Bu Ali Sina. At present, the tomb of Bu Ali Sina shines as a symbol of the city of Hamedan and as an honorary badge on the chest of this city. The presence of this tomb and the works of this great scientist is of great value to each of us.
Therefore, in this article from Alibaba Tourism Magazine , we intend to examine the history, architecture, and different parts of Ibn Sina’s tomb. And pay attention to the tourist attractions around it.
Who is the architect of Bu Ali Sina Tomb?
The designer and architect of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina was engineer Houshang Seyhoun, who presented the design of this building at the age of 23 as his dissertation design.
What are the working hours of Bu Ali Sina Tomb?
The working hours of Bu Ali Sina Tomb are in spring and summer from 9 am to 8 pm and in autumn and winter from 9 am to 5 pm.
Where is the address of Bu Ali Sina Tomb?
Bu Ali Sina Tomb is located in Hamadan province, Bu Ali Sina Square.
Let’s get to know Bu Ali Sina
Bu Ali Sina is one of the great Iranian scientists who was born in the village of Afsha Bukhara, the capital of the Sassanids in present-day Uzbekistan, and lived a very tumultuous life. This great scientist was not only famous for his skill in medicine, but he was also known as a philosopher who excelled in many fields, including ethics and philosophy, and was also known as a mathematician, astronomer, physicist, geographer, chemist, geologist, and poet. Abu Ali Sina was the physician of many kings during his lifetime, during which time he was given various titles, including Sheikh al-Ra’is, Sharaf al-Mulk, Hujjat al-Haq, and Shahzardeh al-Atab. Abu Ali Sina passed away one day due to illness in the city of Hamedan, and his pure body remained for the Iranians. Now his tomb is one of the sights of Hamedan .
History of the Tomb Bu Ali Sina
According to historical books, Abu Ali Sina, who was one of the special physicians of the Sassanid court, emigrated from Bukhara after the fall of the Sassanid king and with the accession of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, and during this migration he lived in many cities, one of which was Isfahan. Was.
During these long journeys, Abu Ali Sina became seriously ill during his trip from Isfahan to Hamedan and lived in the house of one of his friends named Abu Saeed Dokhduk in Hamedan. But after a while, the disease worsened and this popular and famous mortal doctor said goodbye.
The place that is now known as the tomb of Bu Ali Sina, is actually the residence of a friend of Abu Ali Sina The name of Abu Saeed was Dakhduk. After the death of Bu’ali Sina, he was buried in the courtyard of Abu Sa’id Dakhduk’s house, and some time later, Abu Sa’id Dakhduk died. As a result, the graves of these two dear friends were placed next to each other. By the end of the thirteenth century AH, a small four-arched tomb was built on the tomb, which was destroyed over time and even most of the tombs were destroyed.
during the Qajar period
With the demolition of Chartaghi and the tomb of Abu Ali Sina, one of the Qajar princes (Negar Khanum, daughter of Prince Abbas Mirza, Crown Prince Fath Ali Shah of Qajar) attempted to restore this building. As a result, by the order of Princess Negar, the old Chahartaghi was destroyed and removed, and a brick dome was built instead. The tombs of Ibn Sina and Abu Sa’id Dukhduk were also replaced with new stones. After the construction was completed, the old tombstones of Abu Ali Sina and Abu Saeed were placed as a historical monument in the foyer of the tomb of Abu Ali Sina.
In this way and with the help of a Ghajri princess, the tomb of Bu Ali Sina was built so that the memory of this great Iranian scientist will remain in everyone’s memory. Following the restoration of this historical and important monument, in 1299, Mohammad Hossein Farid al-Dawla, the rosy Hamedani, proceeded to build a wall around the tomb of Bu Ali Sina. Finally, he built a small hall next to the tomb as a library. At that time, the library of Ibn Sina’s tomb had 649 volumes, and this library became the reading room of Abu Ali Sina’s tomb.
In the Pahlavi era
During the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, members of the National Monuments Association of Iran approved the construction of a new building for the tomb of Bu Ali Sina. In line with this decision, in June 1324, the design of the building plan of Ibn Sina’s tomb was put out to tender. Among all the submitted designs, the design of one of the Iranian engineers named Engineer “Houshang Seyhoun” was accepted. This project, which was very much welcomed by Engineer Mohsen Foroughi, Andre Godard (Head of the Archaeological Department of Iran at the time) and Technical Director of the Archaeological Museum of Iran, was accepted as the main project and finally the project was assigned to Engineer Houshang Seyhoun. /
Steps of construction of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina in the Pahlavi era
In 1326 AH, the National Works Association of the time made the final decision to implement the design of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina, and considering that the design of Engineer Seyhoun was accepted, new research was conducted by him.
At that time, Engineer Seyhoun was in Paris to complete his studies, and as a result, in June 1328, the executive plans of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina were presented by Engineer Seyhoun as a dissertation to the Faculty of Fine Arts in Paris. The dissertation was sent to the National Works Association of Iran. With the finalization of the project, a cooperation contract was concluded with one of the construction companies under the name of Ebtehaj and Partners Partners.
In the first stage and in order to build a new building, The old tombs of Bu Ali Sina and Abu Sa’id Dakhduk should have been destroyed. Therefore, after the exhumation, the officials placed the skulls and the remaining bones in special boxes in the presence of trusted people and sealed them.
The tomb was built in 1330 and the builders handed over the tomb of Bu Ali Sina to the National Monuments Association in February 1330. After the completion of the work and on the 11th of Ordibehesht 1331 AH, the box containing the skulls and bones of Abu Ali Sina and Abu Saeed Dokhduk was transferred to the tomb of Abu Ali Sina and placed in the new tomb.
Reconstruction of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina
As we have mentioned, the first reconstruction of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina in the Qajar period and then a major reconstruction in the Pahlavi period was carried out by the National Antiquities Association. Since then, Ibn Sina’s tomb has become a symbol of the city of Hamedan, and every year Iranian and foreign tourists visit many tombs, the main building of the tower, library and museum of this tomb.
Architecture of Bu Ali Sina Tomb
The architecture of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina is inspired by one of the most important and historical monuments of Ibn Sina’s time, the Qaboos Dome. Of course, the architectural style of Ibn Sina’s tomb and Qaboos Dome are different from each other. In simpler terms, it can be said that the initial idea of the design of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina is a modern interpretation of the architecture of Qaboos Dome. The building of Ibn Sina Dari’s tomb has 12 pillars, which is a sign of the 12 sciences that were dominated by the great scientist Bu Ali Sina. The columns are made of granite and are located in the upper part of the tomb. This beautiful work was included in the list of national works of Iran on May 12, 1997.
The construction of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina due to space limitations and also savings In the budget, the Qaboos dome is built in almost half the dimensions of the building. The 12 pillars of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina are spaced apart and can be crossed. But the 10 pillars of the Qaboos dome are interconnected and there is no gap between the pillars except at the entrance.
One of the main reasons for the distance between the pillars of the tomb of Abu Ali Sina is the strong winds in autumn and winter in Hamedan. Therefore, the distance between the columns causes the wind to pass and thus prevents the destruction of the building.
The tomb of Bu Ali Sina was built on a land with an area of 3090 square meters and the foundation of the tomb is 1792 square meters. The gardens around the building of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina are also adapted from Iranian gardens and the fountains in the building area also show the basins of traditional Iranian houses.
Features of Bu Ali Sina Tomb
The most important part of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina is the monument built by the National Monuments Association of Iran. As we mentioned, this building has 12 columns that have a certain distance from each other and each of their bases is 23 meters high from the floor to under the dome. The width of each pedestal is 1.7 meters on the floor and 92 cm near the dome. The dome is built in a conical shape and its height is 6 meters, so the total height of the building, including the foundations and the dome, reaches 28 meters.
Right in the center of the tower’s 12 pillars, you can see a 2.55-meter-long and 1-meter-wide marble slab with a third-line inscription. Of course, the stone bed that was originally intended for this place was broken during the construction of the tomb of Abu Ali Sina, and as a result, another stone bed by Lake Urmia was replaced.
Who is the architect of the tomb of Abu Ali Sina?
The architect of Bu Ali Sina Tomb was Engineer Houshang Seyhoun, who was able to win the tender for the reconstruction of Bu Ali Sina Tomb by presenting a combined design of the historical monuments of Bu Ali Sina era and the architecture of ancient Iran. Houshang Seyhoun used geometry to design the beautiful tower of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina to form a beautiful and orderly polygon. Because he believed that every line and point in the architecture of a building should have a specific meaning and logic.
In addition to designing the tomb of Ibn Sina, Houshang Seyhoun also designed the tombs of Nader Shah Afshar, Kamal al-Molk, Khayyam and Ferdowsi. This prominent architect built the monument to Abu Ali Sina as his first architectural design project. Other works of art of this prominent architect include the design of the central building of Sepah Bank in Topkhaneh Square, the buildings of Iran Mapping Organization, Asia Cinema, Farah Educational Complex, Korus Akhavan Nakhrisi Factory, Canada Dry Factory in Tehran and Ahvaz and 150 special residential projects. .
Parts of Bu Ali Sina Tomb
Ibn Sina’s tomb has different sections, each of which has untold stories from the distant past. The tomb, statue, museum, library and tomb of Abu Ali Sina are built in such a way as to preserve the originality, being a symbol of Iran in different periods. In the following, we will examine all parts of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina so that you do not forget a part while visiting this important building.
The tomb of Bu Ali Sina is located on the right side of the entrance of the tomb and the tomb of Abu Saeed Dokhduk is on the left. In the eastern courtyard of Ibn Sina Tomb and right in front of Bu Ali Street in Hamadan, you can also see the tomb of Abolghasem Aref Qazvini, an Iranian poet.
Statue of Bu Ali Sina
Almost all of the images of Bu Ali Sina found in older versions of libraries are older versions of European books, most of which have no originality and were designed by the author based on speculation. This issue caused the National Works Association to create a statue with the main face of this great scientist.
Several commissions were formed to design the statue of Abu Ali Sina with real figures, and based on the information obtained from the book “Swan al-Hikma” written by “Bayhaqi” and some other works of Abu Ali Sina and one of his students named “Obaid”, a picture of This great scientist was presented by Abul Hassan Sedighi.
Image of Master Abolhassan Sedighi The design was approved by the National Works Association, which decided to use the same image as the basis for the statue of Bu Ali Sina. In 1328, the National Works Association asked Master Sedighi to design a standing statue of Abu Ali Sina.
The statue of Bu Ali Sina, weighing approximately 4.5 tons, 3.10 meters high and 90 centimeters wide, was made of white Qom marble. This statue is currently located on a rectangular base on the eastern side of Bu Ali Square in Hamadan.
In the northern hall of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina, a library was built, which at the beginning had only 649 volumes of books and was known as the reading room of Abu Ali Sina. In 1329, an announcement was published in Persian, French, Arabic and English in which all cultural institutions, foreign and domestic publishers and Iranian authors were asked to submit their works to the National Works Association.
As a result of this decision, the number of books in the library of the tomb of Abu Ali Sina reached 8,000 volumes, and now, in addition to manuscripts and old manuscripts, you can also see books in various fields such as history, science and literature in this library.
Ibn Sina Museum
In 1330 AH, the southern hall of the tomb of Bu Ali Sina became a museum and a place to store ancient objects such as pottery, coins, bronze and some other objects discovered in Hamedan in the millennia BC. One of the most important works of this museum is a photograph of the skull of the sage Bu Ali Sina, which was taken at the time of the destruction of the old tomb.
Ibn Sina tomb site
Bu Ali Sina Tomb, located in Bu Ali Sina Square, has a large semicircular area that includes green space, garden and fountain. The construction of these gardens is inspired by the gardens and basins of old Iranian houses. The statue of Ibn Sina is located on the eastern side of Bu Ali Square and in the eastern courtyard of the tomb you can see the tomb of Aref Qazvini.
Interesting facts about Hakim Bouali Sina
As you know, Ibn Sina is known as a skilled physician all over the world, and the law book written by this great scientist is taught in some medical universities. Therefore, it is not far from the mind to name the awards and works after this great scientist. It is interesting to know that in the hidden half of the moon there is an opening which is named after Ibn Sina in honor of Ibn Sina. The UNESCO Ibn Sina Prize is one of the most important awards given every two years to leading figures in the field of philosophy of ethics and science. Another interesting point is the gift that Iran presented to the United Nations in Vienna in 2009 as a symbol of the advancement of peaceful science. This symbol is located to the right of the main entrance and is in the form of a quadrangle in which there are statues of four great Iranian philosophers, namely Abu Ali Sina, Abu Rihan al-Biruni, Khayyam and Zakaria Razi.
Access to the tomb of Bu Ali Sina
The address of Bu Ali Sina Tomb, Hamedan, Bu Ali Sina Square and the contact number of the collection is 38261008-081. The working hours of Ibn Sina Tomb are in spring and summer from 9 am to 8 pm and in autumn and winter from 9 am to 5 pm. Of course, this collection is closed on official holidays such as Tasua and Ashura of Hosseini, the martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS), the martyrdom of Ama Jafar Sadegh, the death of the Prophet and the death of Imam Khomeini.
Sights around the tomb of Bu Ali Sina
After visiting the tomb of Bu Ali Sina, you can also visit the surrounding attractions, which include the following:
- Raphael Church 151 meters away
- Babataher Tomb at a distance of 3 km
- Hamedan Museum of Celebrities at a distance of 3 km
- Hegmataneh Museum at a distance of 3 km
- Ganjnameh complex at a distance of 9.3 km
The tomb of Bu Ali Sina is a combination of traditional and modern architecture
The tomb of Bu Ali Sina, as a symbol of the city of Hamedan, has been located in the main square of this city for many years and has become a place to meet one of the greatest Iranian scientists. This tomb, which was built in honor of the enduring services of Hakim Bu Ali Sina in various fields such as medicine, philosophy and ethics, is one of the signs of pride of Hamedan province as a place for this great sage to live in ancient times.
In this article, you will be fully acquainted with the history of the tomb, the reconstructions, the current designer of the tomb, the construction method, the different parts of the tomb and the surrounding tourist attractions. If you have visited the tomb of Bu Ali Sina before, tell us about your travel experience.