Kashan is a place where people and different ethnic groups live and has an ancient civilization Has given place. The historical antiquity of Kashan region is related to one of the oldest centers of human settlement in the central plateau of Iran called siahk. Seven thousand years ago, the people established a civilization in this part, which is located two kilometers southwest of Kashan, and the current development of the Kashan region can be a continuation of the same civilization. Kashan is diverse in terms of climate and is suitable for traveling in most seasons and days of the year. Join us in the travel guide to Kashan to provide you with a number of most famous Get acquainted with the spectacular attractions of Kashan.
The ancient hills of Silk are located 3 km southwest of Kashan and according to archeological research, they became one of the first centers of our civilization and human settlement before history. Silk now consists of a northern hill and a southern hill, which are located 500 meters apart and in front of them there are cemeteries of our prehistoric humans. According to the scientific studies of Professor Grishman in 1311 AD, this case dates back to the most famous sights of Kashan to the fifth to the first millennium BC and traces of their remains in Louvre France are available.
Fin Garden in the south of Kashan and adjacent to Cheshmeh Soleimaniyeh is located in an area of 23700 square meters and includes The following collections are: entrance and tower and fortifications, Safavid ostrich, Qajar ostrich, small bath, royal bath, Karim Khani private building, royal residence and museum. Due to the earthquake of 982 AH, the garden was completely destroyed and the current garden was built by the order of Shah Abbas Safavid around 1000 AH. This garden was destroyed several times due to various events such as the earthquake and the Afghan invasion, but it was rebuilt. Took. Among the important political and historical events that took place in Kashan Fin Garden, we can mention the coronation of Shah Ismail and Shah Abbas II and the assassination of Amir Kabir.
Boroujerdi House is located in the old neighborhood of Sultan Amirahmad and was built around 1275 AH by Master Ali Maryam, one of the famous architects of Kashan. This house was built by a person named Seyed Hassan Natanzi, one of the famous merchants of Kashan, and became known as Boroujerdi House due to his trade dealings with Boroujerd. The area of this building is about 3000 square meters and includes two inner and outer courtyards. The paintings of this building were designed and executed in various styles with oil, watercolor and watercolor under the supervision of the famous Iranian painting artist, Kamal Al-Molk. On the roof of the hall, skylights and windbreaks are very interesting, which are among the original works of traditional Iranian architecture in terms of design and execution.
Home Tabatabai near The holy shrine of Imamzadeh Sultan Amirahmad is located and because the foundation stone of this house was personally The name of Haj Seyed Jafar Tabatabai was founded, it has become a popular and famous Tabatabai house. This case is one of the most famous attractions of Kashan on a land with an area of 4730 square meters and was built around 1250 AH with the skill and artistry of the famous Kashani architect, Master Ali Maryam. The building of this house includes 5 entrance doors and four courtyards and the inner part of the house is north of a simple five-door room and a large crypt with unique specifications. According to the travel guide to Kashan, you should know that the outer part includes a large hall in the center with skylights and double-glazed windows, along with a main courtyard and a courtyard that belonged to the crew.
Abbasian Historical House It was built in 1245 AH in Sultan Amira Ahmad neighborhood and according to architectural experts, it is one of the most prominent works of Islamic architecture and one of the candidates for receiving the award for the best Islamic residential buildings. The architect of this house is unknown. This complex with an area of about 5000 square meters includes 5 courtyards whose architecture is in the form of a garden pit and one of its courtyards was built in two floors with a roofed courtyard. The Abbasid house has a very strong and rich design in terms of architecture and in terms of bed decorations and paintings and the use of Islamic architectural decorations such as formalization, Yazidi decoration, application, train installation, Mogharnas and lattice is at the peak of beauty and elegance.
Ameris Historical House It is located in Sultan Amira Ahmad neighborhood and is considered the largest historical house in Kashan. The house dates back to the time of Zandieh and the main inner and outer courtyards were built at the same time. Then, during the Qajar period, courtyards were added to this house by Hesam al-Saltanah. According to the travel guide to Kashan, you should know that this house consists of 7 courtyards and about 85 rooms, 5 of which are renovated and can be visited. In all the yards of this house, the architectural system is in the form of a garden pit, and the pool house and water circulation system has been designed, which has been used in summer. The design and architecture of this house is unique due to its underground passages and its area is about 7000 square meters.
Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse, It is located in Sultan Amira Ahmad neighborhood and its antiquity is attributed to the Safavid era. After the earthquake of 1192 AH, the original bath was destroyed and the current bath was built on the remnants of the previous bath during the Qajar period. This beautiful bathroom includes parts such as the entrance, sarbineh, treasury, greenhouse and cleaning area, and there are channels to change the water of the treasuries and pools on the floor of the bath. The bathroom walls were registered in the list of historical monuments of the country in 1976.
Next to the center of Kashan’s historical fabric, there are tall thatched walls that are remnants of the famous Seljuk fence. This fort was built in the middle of the fifth century AH by one of the famous men of the Seljuk government named Khajeh Majdaldin Abolghasem Kashani, and historical documents show that the stronghold of Kashan was repeatedly attacked by the enemies and brutal massacres. Saved. Next to this wall, a castle called There is a glorious castle which was built by the order of Jalaluddin Malekshah. This huge brick building was the citadel and government center of Kashan for some time. Inside and outside the castle, there are two dome-shaped buildings called glaciers. These buildings were registered as national monuments in 1350 and 1355.
Agha Bozorg Mosque during the Qajar period and with personal capital named Haj Mohammad Taghi Khanban during the years 1250 to 1260 AH Lunar was built to hold congregational prayers and hold lectures and discussions with Mullah Mahdi Naraghi, nicknamed the Grandfather. The architect of this building is a person named Haj Shaban and all the buildings, including the school dome, are made of bricks. The decorations used in this huge building are tiling, brickwork, exquisite combination of gypsum and tile inscriptions, Mogharnas work, calligraphy of the third, hanging and painting of Master Mohammad Ibrahim and Master Mohammad Hussein and Tughri inscriptions of Master Seyed Sadegh Kashani. This building was registered as a national monument in 1330.
Bazaar Kashan is related to the Seljuk era, but the market era is related to the Safavid era and especially the era of Shah Abbas I, and for this reason, most tourists who came to Iran during the Safavid and Qajar eras and also visited Kashan, the greatness And they have praised the glory of Kashan Bazaar. In the historical complex of the bazaar, in addition to the main markets such as blacksmiths, goldsmiths, shoemakers, bazaars and bazaars of Mianchal, Malik, Mint and dyehouses, mosques, shrines, caravanserais, Timchehs, baths and reservoirs are numerous and different. Meanwhile, different carpet sales centers, handicrafts and souvenirs of Kashan are also tasted in this market. This is one of the most famous attractions of Kashan, which was registered as a national monument in 1976.
This complex was built by the order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar in the years 1221 to 1229 AH. The architect of this building was a person named Master Mohammad Shafi who built this school in the style of Chaharbagh and Sadr schools in Isfahan. This building includes gypsum inscriptions and seven-color tiles, especially in the altar that is located under the dome, and beautiful gypsum moqarnas on the front and dome. The schoolyard is covered with pine trees, and in the middle of the courtyard, the large school fountain stands out. Around the courtyard, more than 50 rooms have been built for students to live. This building was registered as a national monument in 1315.
Timcheh Amin al-Dawla is located in one of the central parts of the bazaar called Mianchal and its architecture is related to the Qajar period. This building was built by the order of one of the famous men of the Qajar era named Farrokh Khan Ghaffari nicknamed Amin al-Dawlah and with the architecture of Master Ali Maryam in the late thirteenth century AH. This magnificent building is built on 3 floors and with a great length and width, and the height of the dome and its type of architecture attracts the eyes of every viewer. Underground floors were used as storage, ground floors, rooms and upper floors were also used by carpet painters. Every year during the mourning period of Hazrat Aba Abdullah Hussein (AS), this Timcheh is the meeting place of the religious delegation of Kashan mourners.
This workshop is located in Malafatullah Street, next to the thousand-year-old wall of the Seljuk period. At present, handicraft machines such as velvet weaving, gold weaving, pottery and wood mosaics are operating in this center.
Prince Ibrahim is located on the Amirkabir axis near the Finn Garden. The original building of this tomb was built in the middle of the 13th century AH by a Finn named Khaleh Begum. The exquisite paintings of this tomb are the work of Abdolrahim Zarabi Kashani and the tomb is very beautiful and spectacular in terms of tiling, mirror work and painting.
This spring is attributed to the Prophet Solomon (PBUH) and is located behind the western part of the Finn Garden. According to the travel guide to Kashan, you should know that a building was built next to the spring, the eastern part of which was built during the reign of Shah Suleiman the Safavid and the western part in 1329 AD by Kashan merchants inspired by Sassanid architecture.
Kashan Grand Mosque has a beautiful brick minaret that has a brick inscription in Kufic script and has a date of 466 AH. Recent excavations of the bedrock of the Seljuk altar have uncovered artifacts and decorations from the Al-Buwayh period. In the summer nave of this building, which is located under the winter nave, very beautiful tile designs can be seen, and on the floor of this nave, traces of porcelain baking ovens were discovered by the experts of the Cultural Heritage Organization. According to a travel article to Kashan, you should know that this building has a brick dome that was completely repaired by Abdul Razzaq Khan Kashi after the famous earthquake of 1192 AH.
Abyaneh village, which is 40 km from the center of Natanz city and is one of its functions, is one of the most pleasant and airy villages around and near Kashan region. Abyaneh is one of the villages of Iran and one of the oldest in terms of traditional architecture and works from the Achaemenid period to the Qajar period can be seen in this region. The dense texture of the village, the winding alleys, the beautiful sabats and the pleasant bright shadows caused by them, the Grand Mosque and its beautiful latticed windows and the preservation of the customs of life, especially the traditional way of dressing the villagers are important. This work was registered in 1975 as a national work.
Mashhad Ardehal, in addition to being one of the historical and artistic works of Kashan, has a special religious significance due to the fact that it is the burial place of one of the most prestigious Imamzades, namely the Imamzadeh of Sultan Ali Ibn Mohammad Ibn Baqir. Every year and on the day of the martyrdom of that Imamzadeh, in the famous traditional religious ceremony, carpet weavers from all over the country come to visit this place. The original building of this tomb belongs to the Seljuk era and its courtyard, tomb and court were built by Khajeh Majdaldin Abolghasem Kashani. According to the travel guide to Kashan, you should know that in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, this building was repaired and parts were added to it, and it has 3 courtyards.