Golestan National Park has been the natural habitat of many animals and plants, so that About 1350 species of plants and 302 species of animals have been identified so far. Golestan Forest Park, with an area of about 900 square kilometers, is located in the east Golestan and the number The large number of animals as well as the high diversity of plants have made it a biosphere reserve according to UNESCO. Join us in the article Visiting Golestan National Park to acquaint you more with the sights of Golestan National Park as well as the wildlife of Golestan National Park.
Golestan National Park is located in the neighborhood of North Khorasan Province , so that Three cities Gorgan (2 hours apart), Bojnurd (about 130 km) and Gonbad Kavous (about 55 km) are very close to it. In fact, this beautiful park is located at Minoodasht and Galikesh is the closest city to it. Golestan Ziba National Park is known as the 15th national monument of the country and was included in this list in 2008. Golestan forest was one of the protected areas of the country in 1336 and the name Almeh Vaishki was chosen for it. After that, in September 1963, its name was changed to Mohammad Reza Shah, and finally, on April 12, 1964, it was renamed the Zoo.
According to the article on visiting Golestan National Park, you should know that in 1350, this park became wider, because a part of 34,000 hectares was added to the eastern part. This happened in September of that year and the additional part was called Qarkhod until, in 1974, its name was changed to a national park and a year later, it became the first national park in Iran. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution and in February 1978, two areas that had previously been annexed to the sights of Golestan National Park were separated from it.
Golestan forest is one of the most suitable places for animals to live in the country, so that 69 different species of mammals, which are classified in 6 orders, can be seen in it. This number belongs to 21 different families and 50 genera. Also, the best place to live is the Urial wild sheep, which is the oldest species of Iranian wild sheep. This type of sheep is, in fact, the purest species of ram and ewe. Today, most of them live in the southern part of the park and a large number of them in the sights of Golestan National Park, has made them a symbol of the park.
Brown leopards and bears can also be considered two large carnivores of wildlife in Golestan National Park. There is also another carnivore in this park called the forest otter which is specific to Golestan forest. Red fox and Turkmen fox have also been seen in Golestan forest and 18 different species of bats live in this area. One of the scenes that surprises you after going to Golestan National Park is the large number of boars that exist along the road and humans without any fear. This is very rare in our country for wildlife, because our wildlife parks are different from their counterparts in other parts of the world.
Various species of birds can also be seen in this large park; There are about 149 species in 15 orders in Golestan forest. These species belong to 42 different genera and 89 genera. Of course, only 48 species are seen in the spring and summer in this region and 62 other species are native to the region. These birds include partridges, otters, pheasants, black woodpeckers, terns, nightingales, bell-ringers, garden toucas, black-breasted cockerels, quails, finches, flycatchers, red-tailed deer, yellow-tailed deer, bees, and birds of prey. Dalijeh, Gharghi, ordinary Sargape and long-legged, eagle, black slab, white-tailed sea eagle, spotted owl, Balaban and Homa were mentioned.
A variety of plants when visiting Golestan National Park are visible such as oak, hornbeam, linden, oak, maple, spruce, evangelical, free, milkweed, alder, oak, cranberry, rainbow, berry, hot Daghan, fig, malch, valik, azgil, blackberry, hawthorn, milk thistle, wild tomato, walnut, wild pomegranate, raspberry, wild pear, barberry, bird, Mir Hassan hat, hawthorn, turmeric, caravanserai, chubak, kharshtar, astragalus, Artemisia, Aras.
This beautiful park has height differences in different parts; That is, about 2411 to 400 meters above sea level, which is the reason for the diversity of wildlife in Golestan National Park. In general, the park has a semi-humid and temperate climate in the western part, but in the southern part it has a cold and dry climate. Also, in the eastern part, the climate is cold and semi-arid and the difference in annual rainfall is between 150 and 1000 mm. There are waterfalls, mountains, rivers and springs in this forest park, which has caused biodiversity in it.
Two famous park waterfalls, Aqsu waterfall and Golestan forest waterfall, which has a height of about 70 meters and its discharge is 30 liters per second. If you want to go to Khorasan province from the north of the country, you have to cross this forest. This road is very interesting because it was built in the deepest valley of the region. This route may be the longest valley route. It starts from a village called Tangarah and continues to a village called Dasht-e Mamas, which is in the south of the park.
Golestan National Park is considered an environmental hazard for wildlife, because the traffic on this road is high and a number of animals that come to this direction are injured. . Of course, seasonal floods, which are also caused by rain in the area, are dangerous for travelers; For example, in 2001, due to rain and floods in the region, about 247 human bodies were discovered. Since 1350, requests have been submitted to the government regarding the touristization of the road in question, and fortunately, this opinion was approved by the government and an attempt was made to transfer the Tehran-North-Mashhad route from this road to the Kalaleh-Chahar Bagh-Goli Dagh-Islamabad-Ashkhaneh road. To be.
There are parking lots in this area that have minimal amenities such as tables, benches, stoves, garbage cans and toilets. Also, there are places for rest or overnight stays that can be easily accessed. The location of these promenades is located in such a way that birds, animals and beautiful landscapes can be seen from there. If you are a resident of Turkmen port or you are a traveler of this beautiful city and you want to see Golestan forest, you should go to Gorgan. From there, move to an area called Naharkhoran, and before Naharkhoran, be sure to Jangal Al-Nagdereh , because it is very beautiful and pristine.
For the convenience of travelers in this area, several residences and hotels have been built, and if you have travel tents, you can also camp in this area.