Before studying the history of the Yazd Grand Mosque and its unique features, I must admit that seeing the photos and images of this mosque, which in my opinion was beautiful and magnificent but like other historic mosques throughout Iran, I did not expect anything surprising and full. I will face the story; But it seems that this special place, this place that was chosen by the people of ancient times to be sacred, has traveled a long way to reach our era, to the 21st century and the place that is known to us as the city of Yazd. >
I thought to myself that now that I know the history of the Great Mosque of Yazd, I can imagine its glory more and be amazed to see its details. It is true that the degree of human astonishment seems to cross the page of history, and the more pages it has, the more it surprises us!
It was during these thoughts and feelings influenced by history that I wrote to you about the Yazd Grand Mosque in Alibaba Tourism Magazine so that maybe you too Travel with me and take a step back from the point where we are standing and take a look at this beautiful mosque, apart from any belongings.
What are the working hours of Yazd Grand Mosque?
Yazd Grand Mosque is open from 7 am to 8 pm.
What is the height of the minarets of Yazd Grand Mosque?
The height of the minarets of Yazd Grand Mosque reaches 52 meters and its diameter is 8 meters.
Where is the exact address of Yazd Grand Mosque?
Yazd, Imam Khomeini St., in front of the Clock Tower, at the end of Masjed Jame St.
History of Yazd Grand Mosque
First of all, we must take a general look at the history of the Yazd Grand Mosque to know exactly what story this building is made of brick by brick. Your electric eye may be excited when you know that the Great Mosque of Yazd is more than 900 years old! And also in terms of architecture and type of construction has always been considered by many historians and architects.
In most historical texts, This building is mentioned with the letters of the Friday Mosque of the city, the Old Grand Mosque, the old Friday Mosque, “Dardeh” and the new Grand Mosque. Also, the architectural style of this building follows the Azeri or Mongolian style, and most interestingly, it is said that the Zoroastrian fire temple was located in this place before Islam came to Iran, and later the columns of this mosque were placed and built on this fire temple.
It is written in history that the first founder of the construction of this large and beautiful mosque was “Alaa al-Dawla Kalnjar” from the Al-Buwayh family, who was the ruler of Yazd at that time, during the reign of the Seljuk Queen . Therefore, it should be understood from his interest in building such a large mosque that he was a very religious and rigid man.
Alaa al-Dawla Kalnjar at Travel to Yazd He arranged the lunar year, became the ruler of Yazd, and remained there until the end of his life, in the year 527 AH.
Of course, the building in which Kalnjar is The time he had built was destroyed, but after him, “Sayyid Rukn al-Din Nizam al-Husseini” in 724 AH, where Kalnjar had previously built the mosque, built a very large area of the Yazd Grand Mosque with a magnificent and luxurious building. >
Rokna al-Din died in 732 AH before the construction of the Yazd Grand Mosque was completed, and after him, Ashraf al-Din al-Yazidi, one of the historical celebrities of Yazd during the Timurid period, was in charge of completing the construction according to Rokan al-Din’s will. The dome and porch of the mosque became. In 777 AH, the dome and porch of the Great Mosque of Yazd were tiled during the reign of Amir Teymour .
As the years passed and the construction of the mosque The Yazd Mosque was becoming more and more complete. During the reign of Amir Teymour’s son, by the order of “Khajeh Jalaluddin Mahmoud Kharazmi”, an inscription in Naskh script was started by “Baha’uddin Hazarasab” who was one of the famous calligraphers of that time and Surah Fatah was gathered around the dome. Ivan wrote but unfortunately it was not finished.
until finally in 819 AH by “Shah Nizam Kermani” and during the time of Shahrokh Mirza he finished his work and in addition, by the order of Shah Nizam Kermani, the names of the Shiite Imams were also written on the inscription on the porch of the mosque, and the titles of Shahrokh Mirza were inscribed on the head inscription at the large entrance of the mosque with delicate and beautiful tiles.
Yazd Grand Mosque, like many historical buildings that are very old, has seen many changes throughout history. Almost in different periods and during 100 years, the Great Mosque of Yazd can be considered as a combination of three old mosques that recently became in its present form during the Qajar period.
In the Safavid era, this mosque also underwent a great and important change, which is its tall and famous minarets. These minarets are the tallest minarets in the world, which were included in the list of national monuments in 1313 AH with the registration number 206.
The minarets at the entrance of the mosque were built by “Agha Jamaluddin Mohammad”, known as “Mehtar Jamal”, who was the governor of Yazd in the court of Shah Tahmaseb Safavid . Of course, the minarets collapsed in 1313 and have been repaired and rebuilt since then.
In fact, when I realized that the minarets are 52 meters high and 8 meters in diameter, I seemed to understand why the minarets of the Yazd Grand Mosque are one of the architectural and historical wonders of the world! /
One of the interesting things that is said about this mosque is that many Yazidis believe that the soil of Karbala and Gulab was used to prepare the soil for the tiles and materials of the Yazd Grand Mosque, and this belief has caused a special sanctity to this mosque in Forgive the length of time.
Of course, as I mentioned before During the various changes of the Grand Mosque, the addition of a marble porch, the construction of a porch with plaster and bricks on the right side of the dome, the repair and installation of new inscriptions and the construction of two minarets at the entrance of the mosque are examples of changes from Safavid and Qajar times. .
For example, the complete repair of the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Yazd, by the ruler of Yazd during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar in 1240 AH and the construction of brick and brick porticos around the courtyard and nave on the west side of the mosque, all of which still remain in Qajar time was built and added.
These three mosques were destroyed and the Yazd Grand Mosque was completely rebuilt. The previous three mosques were the product of the era of Omar al-Saffari and the Timurids as well as the Safavids, each of which was part of the total area of the mosque.
What is the architecture of Yazd Grand Mosque and its different parts?
Yazd Grand Mosque is designed so that you have six separate entrances to enter the mosque. One of the main entrances of the mosque, whose large and high minarets are located above it, is from the old bazaar of Yazd, and after passing the four tombs of the bazaar, the roof of which is completely moccasin and has extraordinary lighting, especially at night, you can pass An almost narrow, dirt alley leads to the Great Mosque of Yazd.
At first, the azure appearance of the head of the mosque and Islamic style tiles, along with the warm earthy color of the buildings of the mosque and its surroundings, which is very visible in the city of Yazd, will attract your attention. In the old wooden percussion of the mosque, which is also high, so that your hand can hardly reach the percussion on it, it indicates the centuries-old and beautiful age of this magnificent mosque.
The tiled flowers on the main head and inside the mosque are decorated with poetry, and you will see a combination of azure, turquoise, carbon blue and green along with the warm colors of the building and the main door of the Yazd Grand Mosque, and you may feel a little cool. Give up!
In front of the main head of the mosque is a small octagonal pool and in front of it, towards the alley leading to the Grand Mosque, two very old column fountains painted in Persian script and old pictures that Reconstructed and restored, they attract attention.
Main porch of Yazd Grand Mosque
The architectural form of the main porch of Yazd Grand Mosque is rectangular and when you enter the main porch you will see a part of Surah Fatah which is written at the entrance and when you look to the right of the courtyard and the top of the walls, you will want to continue Surah Fatah Saw.
The naves of Yazd Grand Mosque
The Great Mosque of Yazd has several naves, but its most important and impressive nave is located in the western part of the mosque. It is interesting to know that most of the architecture of the large and main spaces of this mosque is rectangular and square. So this nave is also rectangular and if you look up you will see incredibly beautiful azure tiles that will be reminiscent of the sky.
This nave has been used as a permanent treasure and museum of Yazd Grand Mosque since 2014 and unused objects The mosque, 350 historical objects from the Ilkhanid period onwards, such as the wooden and old door of the mosque, the curtain of the Kaaba, the old samovar, the clock, some of the old tiles of the mosque and the stone pulpit are kept in that place.
When we enter the mosque, we step into a rectangular space that has a domed roof and this roof is made of bricks. This is called krias. Where on the roof of its dome are installed large stone slabs, which were once called the vestibule.
Water well and aqueduct of Yazd Grand Mosque, the longest aqueduct in the world
You may have thought that the only wonders of Yazd Grand Mosque are its tallest minarets in the world, but I must say that is not all! This land, or in other words, the soil that has been chosen to build the Grand Mosque there, is more historical than these professions!
The oldest and longest aqueduct in the world, which is called Zarch aqueduct, also passes under the Great Mosque of Yazd, and this has caused this point to be considered in the architecture and construction of this mosque. The length of this aqueduct reaches 100 km and the number of wells is 2115. How old do you think this historic aqueduct is? The Zarch aqueduct dates back to 3,000 years ago, which is amazing in its kind!
A number of rods of this aqueduct are also located in the courtyard of Yazd Grand Mosque and since ancient times, these rods have been used to fill a large reservoir under the mosque so that worshipers can use the water of Zarch aqueduct to perform ablution through the mosque.
Also in July 2016, when the UNESCO World Heritage Summit was held in Istanbul, 11 Iranian aqueducts, topped by the Zarch aqueduct, were named as the twentieth Iranian work in the UNESCO World Heritage List, which shows the historical and global importance of aqueducts. Iran has.
Yazd Grand Mosque Library, Vaziri Library
Vaziri Library, which is one of the most famous libraries in Iran, is built right next to the main entrance of the Yazd Grand Mosque. This library is the fifth oldest library in the Middle East.
It was established in 1334 AH by “Ali Mohammad Vaziri” and during the following years, its area was expanded by buying houses around the library. Of course, this library was dedicated to Astan Quds Razavi in 1348 AH and is now under the supervision of Quds Razavi.
In the library of the Great Mosque of Yazd, very old and exquisite manuscripts are kept, which are very special in their kind. There are also 1600 volumes of manuscripts and printed books for the use of religious students in this library.
It is said that during these years, the library building has been renovated and changed many times, but the last time another building was purchased by a person named “Hossein Besharat” in 1348, and the manuscripts are currently kept there. Of course, part of this library is also intended for public use.
Dome of Yazd Grand Mosque
The special part of the dome of the Yazd Grand Mosque is so beautiful that sometimes one does not want to lower one’s head to take one’s eyes off its blue, turquoise and azure tiles, with delicate designs of flowers that seem to have risen to the sky!
On the dome of the mosque, which consists of two outer and inner shells and helps maintain the temperature of this space, inscriptions with the names of God and Quranic verses are engraved and on all four sides, there are four earrings that have doubled the architectural beauty. It is even said that in the past, there was a corridor on the right side of the dome so that women could come and go from there.
Minarets of Yazd Grand Mosque
We said that the tallest minarets in the world belong to this mosque and their height reaches 52 meters and their diameter reaches 8 meters. At one time, these minarets, which were built in the Safavid era, were destroyed, but later in 1313 AH, they were rebuilt and restored. Both of them have stairs that go up to the top of the minarets. Verses of the Qur’an are written in Kufic script on the azure and brown tiles of the minarets.
In terms of high architecture, these minarets and their tiling are considered a kind of genius, because as the minarets went up, they became delicately thinner and were still tiled to the top. It is said that iron was not used in the construction of these minarets of the Great Mosque of Yazd and it was made entirely of multiplicative arches, thatch and plaster.
Front of Yazd Grand Mosque
The front of the Yazd Grand Mosque, located directly in front of the main entrance, is a relatively large space with a small octagonal basin and in front of it are two stone pillars that were once the mosque’s fountain.
On these columns, carvings of animals and plants were engraved, and two verses of poetry were written on them in Naskh script, which are not fully legible today due to the broken columns and the passage of time. Of course, the fractures of the stones seem to be connected with straps that do not fall; I mean, they are so old!
East of Yazd Grand Mosque
The eastern entrance of this mosque is the main entrance of the mosque, which opens to the old bazaar of Yazd and the tomb of Chaharsooq. In the past, the architecture of cities was such that mosques were usually built next to the main bazaar of the city and the whole bazaar was closed during the call to prayer so that all merchants and residents of the city could go to the mosque and return to work after hours of rest and worship.
Usually in most cities, if you are careful, this is the map of the city center; It is as if the bazaar and the mosque, like two inseparable components, were always together with all their architectural and construction creativity!
The famous minarets of the Yazd Grand Mosque have been erected on its eastern head, and its tiles have been painted with cool colors of blue and green, and religious poems and names. There are also two marble stone platforms on its sides and around the main door of the mosque, where people used to sit.
Altar of the Grand Mosque
But the main and spectacular part of the Yazd Grand Mosque is its famous altar, which is decorated with plaster and moqarnaskari and mosaic tiles are used in it, on which flower and plant designs and the large phrase “Fasikfikham Allah wa Ho Al-Sami Al-Alim” The eyes are coming.
Part of the altar of the Great Mosque of Yazd is a delicate and small tiles that are designed in the shape of the earth and in which all the colors used in the tiles throughout the mosque are used. Did you know that the people of Yazd believe that the tile soil of this altar and all the materials of the Grand Mosque were brought from Karbala and that they used rose instead of water to build it?
Access to Yazd Grand Mosque
Let’s take a closer look at the exact route to this Grand Mosque; Wherever you are in Yazd, you can easily reach Imam Khomeini Street and Masjed Yazd Street. There is a taxi from almost anywhere in Yazd to this street, which is located in the center of the city, and in terms of access, your imagination is quite comfortable!
Address of Yazd Grand Mosque
Address: Yazd, Imam Khomeini St., in front of the Clock Tower, at the end of Masjid Jame St.
Visiting hours: Every day, from 7 am to 8 pm
As for the cost of visiting the Yazd Grand Mosque for domestic tourists is 3 thousand tomans and for foreign tourists is 20 thousand tomans.
Where are the sights around the Yazd Grand Mosque?
Among the tourist places and museums of Yazd, which are also located near the Yazd Grand Mosque, the following can be mentioned:
- Yazd Clock Tower and Square: In a few steps
- Tomb of Sayyid Rukn al-Din: 170 meters
- Yazd Water Museum: 1.1 km
- Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd: 1.1 km
- Lari House: 1.1 km
- Dolatabad Garden: 2.7 km
The Grand Mosque from the old fire temple to the mosque today
When we came to the end of this article and the story of one of the historical mosques of Iran and the world, maybe we did not think that we could think so ambitiously about a historical monument and in fact one day see its tall minarets and tall turquoise blue ceilings!
I have written to you about the history of this place from many years ago during the Sassanid period, when Islam had not yet entered Iran, to the Safavid and Qajar periods, and now I have written how it has preserved its historical memory in its beautiful bricks, bricks, tiles, tiles and patterns.
I wrote to you about the Zarch aqueduct, which is the longest and oldest aqueduct in Iran and the world, and once the people of this mosque used to perform ablutions and drink from that water throughout history. It is interesting when together we can walk through the heartless places of history and hear their voices louder and louder every moment. Where do you think the next mysterious place will be on this journey together?