Iran (Ancient Iran) is bordered by the Caspian Sea, Kharazm desert and Kura River to the north, by the Amu Darya basin, western mountains of Indus valley and the slopes of western mountains of Pamir to the east, by the western slopes of the Zagros mountains and the Arvand Rud (river) basin to the west and by the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea to the south. The two main mountain ranges of Iran are Zagros and Alborz. Zagros mountains extend from northwest to Khuzestan Plain, and Alborz mountains extend from west to east along the Caspian Sea (Mazandaran). The Iranviva team aims to attract your attention to Alborz mountains, specifically the highest peak of the range, Mount Damavand. But before that it is better to review the history and background of Alborz mountains and Mount Damavand.
Shemiranat is a region located at the north and eastern north of Tehran and is accounted as one of regions in Tehran with the most pleasant weathers; for this purpose, it was a place of country side for kings of Iran since longer ago. Considering its not extended area, due to its geographical situation, we can see huge size of tourism attractions in this area. We strictly recommend to the tourists interested in Mount climbing to travel to Iran for experience of memorable climbing besides travelling to K-2 Mounts in Pakistan, Ararat Mounts in Turkey, Everest in Nepal and Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. Thus, this paper will introduce the summits of this area followed by introducing other tourism attractions of this area in further papers.