The capital of Fars province is Shiraz. This province is bordered by Isfahan and Yazd provinces to the north, by Yazd and Kerman provinces to the east, by Hormozgan province to the south and by the provinces of Bushehr and Kohgiluyeh-Boyer-Ahmad to the west. The area is 122,608 square kilometers.
There is no specific agreement for antiquity of Shiraz among Historians and Archaeologists; however, the point stressed by all historians and archaeologists is the antiquity of Takhte-Jamshid Region going back to Akhamaneshid Era. Other names of Shiraz as mentioned in historical books and documents include Tirazis, Shirazis and Shiraz. According to some historical documentations of Islam, the initial place of Shiraz was Abunasr Castle where transferred to its modern-day area during Bani-Omayeh Dynasty. Such transfer however accompanies with extermination of Estakhr City, the Capital of Fars. It must be mentioned that at the time of Safari, Boiyan and Zandian Rule, Shiraz was the capital of government.
Darab is one of the historical cities in Fars province. It dates back to the Achaemenid period. The name Darab is derived from the name of Darius II. Darab is at an altitude of 1170 meters above the sea level.