Kerman is a province in southeastern Iran and is bordered by Sistan and Baluchestan Province to the East, Hormozgan Province to the south, Yazd and Fars provinces to the west, and South Khorasan Province to the north. Kerman Province is located in a desert and semi-desert region of Iran but it enjoys a moderate climate because of its elevation above sea level.
The City of Kerman
Kerman is the provincial capital of Kerman Province, and it is one of the five historical cities of Iran. It has an elevation of 1760 meters above sea level.
History of Kerman and the Origin of the Name
This region has been named differently in different times, including Kojaran, Karmania, Govashir, etc.
According to various historical documents, there are several reasons for naming this province, including:
Kerman locally means a ‘high, mountainous region’ that refers to the elevation of this region.
Kerman means the ‘land of labor’
Kerman is named after the founder of the city.
As there is no comprehensive information regarding the name of the city, there is not enough information about the precise age of this city either, but what is certain is that the current Kerman Province did exist at the time of the Achaemenids and it was one of the areas ruled by the Achaemenids. An evidence regarding this includes Qal’eh Dokhtar that dates back to the Achaemenid era. Alexander the Macedonian stayed in this region for a while on his way back after his conquest of India.
Kerman Province, as one of the five tourist provinces of Iran, has many historical tourist attractions, including:
Arg-e Bam is the largest adobe structure in the world which is located in Kerman Province. Arg-e Bam dates back to 500 years BC, which was still used until the mid-nineteenth century.
In fact, Arg-e Bam is a citadel in the center of town and is surrounded by several fortresses, but now the entire military city is named as Arg-e Bam (Bam Citadel). There are a variety of houses and public spaces in this military town.
The way this citadel was constructed causes it to be used in the fifth century BC until the nineteenth century. There were water wells, gardens and livestock in this citadel, and as a result, in case of any military threats when the doors of the citadel were closed, there was no need to communicate with the outside world and people of the city could live in the citadel for a long time.
Another unique attraction in Kerman Province is Rayen Castle. This castle, dating back to the Sassanid era, is the third largest adobe structure in the world. Based on the documents and evidence, this castle, like Arg-e-Bam, was used since its construction time until about 150 years ago and people were living there.
Rayen Castle is similar to Arg-e Bam very much, and in fact it is a city with a variety of personal and public buildings including a place for the government, various houses for people in community, and public places.
Qal’eh Dokhtar is one of the oldest buildings in Kerman Province. The building dates back to the period of the Medes prior to the Achaemenid period, and it is one of the oldest monuments in Iran.
Aminian Historical House
Iranian Historical Houses are the main attractions that make Iran an important destination for tourists interested in historical buildings. The unique architecture of the Iranian historical houses reflects the art and culture of the people of this land. One of these outstanding houses is Aminian historical house in Kerman Province. The building dates back to the Qajar period.
Shazdeh Mahan Garden
One of the advantages of Kerman that attracts many tourists is the various types of Iranian monuments. Like Shiraz, Kerman has some Persian Gardens with one of nine Iranian gardens registered in the UNESCO list. Shazdeh Garden with a length of 400 meters and a width of 120 meters is the largest Persian garden. Among the unique wonders of this garden are the water fountains that work based on the height difference system.
Kalut Shahdad Desert
One of the wonders of Kerman Province is its temperate climate. This province is located in the desert and semi-desert region of Iran, but due to its altitude, the mountainous parts of the province are covered by snow most of the year.
Beside this mountainous region, there is a desert, which is one of the hottest places on Earth. This Desert has been of great interest to the tourists because it is one of the hottest spots on the planet and also because of its unique beauties.
Weather in Kerman
Kerman Province is a Desert and semi-desert region in Iran. But its elevation above sea level causes the mild climate in this area. The maximum temperature recorded in this province is 41 degrees Celsius above zero and the minimum temperature is 2 degrees below zero.
Souvenirs in Kerman, like other cities of Iran, include different types of sweets like Kolompeh, Sahn Komach, Qottab, Bereshtuk, Nan Charkhi and so on.
How to Reach Kerman
Kerman is easily accessible by land, rail and air:
Kerman airport and railway are only connected to the domestic destinations in Iran.
One of the best land routes to reach this city from the city of Tehran (capital of Iran) is:
Tehran, Qom, Kashan, Yazd, Rafsanjan, Kerman: about 980 km
Tehran, Qom, Kashan, Isfahan, Yazd, Rafsanjan, Kerman: about 1120 kilometers
The name of Rafsanjan means “copper mine” and it is named so because of the copper mines around. It is at an altitude of 1528 meters above the sea level. The largest brick house in the world is located in this city.