Kermanshah is one of the western provinces of Iran bordering Iraq. Kermanshah is bordered by Kurdistan to the north, by Lorestan and Ilam to the south, by Hamedan to the east and by Iraq to the west. Kermanshah has always been an important province because of its location on the Silk Road. Thus, the area has been inhabited by various tribes permanently and continuously. Yet, most provinces and regions of Iran have been inhabited temporarily based on the time and strategic conditions. Kermanshah was one of the earliest centers of human civilization. It was of high importance in Medes period and so it used to be called “Maad”. The province did not lose its importance even after the Medes and Achaemenid eras, and, named as “Maah (Moon)”, it was one of the most important areas of the time. Most of the monuments and places of interest, now attracting tourists to the province, are attributed to the Achaemenid era. These attractions include Taq-e Bostan which means “Arch of the Garden” or “Arch made by stone”, Behistun Inscription, the Temple of Anahita, and so on.
It’s the capital of Kermanshah Province. The city of Kermanshah dates back to the fourth century AD. This city was of great importance before the Arab invasion of Iran. Kermanshah has been so important that it is referred to as the second capital of the Sassanid’s. The city is at an altitude of 1400 meters above sea level. There are several theories as to the origin of this city name. But most of these theories are based on the fact that the city was built by Bahram IV, who was the king of Kerman in the fourth century AD, and that is why it was named Kermanshah.