Mazandaran is one of the provinces in north of Iran that is neighboring the Caspian Sea (the largest lake in the world). Mazandaran Province is contiguous to the Caspian Sea to the north, Gilan Province to the west, Golestan Province to the east, and Qazvin, Alborz, Tehran and Semnan provinces to the south. It is also neighboring countries of Turkmenistan, Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan.
History of Mazandaran
Mazandaran is one of the ancient regions of Iran. According to the evidence found in caves of this region, archaeologists speculate that this region was inhabited more than 75 thousand years ago. This speculation seems likely to be true, considering the age of the Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests and the fact living beside the forests seems possible.
Another evidence regarding the history of this region is the name of Mazandaran that is mentioned in Bisotun inscription.
Due to its rich history, Mazandaran province has played an important role in most of the historical events in history, including Qajar and Pahlavi eras.
Qajar kingdom, founded by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, began from Mazandaran region. Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar ruled in this region first and then he could overcome the Zand dynasty with the help of important people of Mazandaran and their armies.
Pahlavi, the last kingdom of Iran, is also associated with this region. Reza Khan, the first king of Pahlavi dynasty, was from Mazandaran.
Sari is the capital of Mazandaran province. It is one of the oldest cities dating back to more than 6000 years ago. Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar started his reign over Iran in this city and he chose it as his first capital city.
Mazandaran Province is bordered by the Caspian Sea to the north and Alborz Mountains to the south, so it has the widest range of altitudes in Iran. Its highest altitude, Mount Damavand peak, is 5600 meters above sea level, and its lowest altitude is at the sea level.
Weather in Mazandaran
Since Mazandaran province encompasses both plain and mountainous regions, it has different temperatures in different parts. In winter, the temperature in mountainous areas (at an altitude of over 3,000 meters above sea level) is too low and it is generally freezing in these areas, and in summer in plains and northern regions that have a temperate and humid climate, temperatures and humidity are high.
How to Reach Mazandaran
Mazandaran Province is easily accessible from Tehran by land, rail and air:
The cities of Sari, Nowshahr, Ramsar and Babolsar in Mazandaran Province have airports. However, all these airports only host domestic flights and you would better first travel to Tehran and then to one of these cities.
This province connects to the other cities in Iran through railway but not to other countries.
To reach different cities in Mazandaran, you can use different land routes:
The land route from Tehran to the city of Chalus is through the beautiful and amazing Chalus Road:
Tehran-Chalus. This road is about 190 km. Iranviva Group recommends you passing through this splendid road.
The land route from Tehran to Sari, the capital of Mazandaran province, is as follows:
Tehran, Amol, Qaemshahr, Sari. This route is about 250 km.
Mazandaran Tourist Attractions
Because of the Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests that date back to over 40 million years ago and are a key ecoregion on the earth, Mazandaran province is a great destination for tourists from all over the world. In addition to these Hyrcanian forests, there are Alborz Mountains, with Mount Damavand as the highest mountain of Iran, to the south of this province that has caused the province to be one of the main tourist destinations for tourists who are interested in adventure and sports like mountain climbing, skiing and trekking.
Tourist attractions of Mazandaran province are mostly natural attractions, some of which include:
Kelardasht is a small city in Mazandaran province in Iran, with an area of 1510 square kilometers. Kelardasht is located over the highlands and mountains of Mazandaran province. It has an altitude of 1100 meters above sea level. Geographical area: To the South: Mount Takht-e Soleyman to Kandovan Pass area To the North: Caspian Sea (Mazandaran) To the East: Chalus, Noshahr and Kojour To the West: Qazvin province and Alamut area There are two main roads to reach Kelardasht area. The first route starts from Chalus Road and reaches Kelardasht 20 km after the city of Marzanabad. The second road starts from Abbasabad and reaches Kelardasht after 25 km. There are more than 40 peaks in Kelardasht area with altitudes of more than 4000 meters. The famous one is Alam-Kuh (Mount Alam) with an altitude of 4850 meters above sea level.